In JoVE (1)
Articles by Mona Suryana in JoVE
Soft Lithographic Procedure for Producing Plastic Microfluidic Devices with View-ports Transparent to Visible and Infrared Light Mona Suryana1, Jegan V. Shanmugarajah1, Sivakumar M. Maniam1, Gianluca Grenci1 1Mechanobiology Institute (MBI), National University of Singapore A protocol for the fabrication of plastic microfluidic devices with transparent view-ports for visible and infrared light imaging is described.
Other articles by Mona Suryana on PubMed
Early Integrin Binding to Arg-Gly-Asp Peptide Activates Actin Polymerization and Contractile Movement That Stimulates Outward Translocation Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22139375 Integrin-mediated adhesions are critical for stem cell differentiation, cancer metastasis, and the immune response [Hynes RO (2009) Science 326:1216-1219]. However, the mechanisms of early adhesion formation remain unclear, especially the effects of lateral clustering of integrins and the role of the Src family kinases. Using mobile Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptide ligands on lipid bilayers with nano-fabricated physical barriers [Salaita K, et al. (2010) Science 327:1380-1385], we observe surprising long-range lateral movements of ligated integrins during the process of cell spreading. Initially, RGD-activated integrin clusters stimulate actin polymerization that radiates from the clusters. Myosin II contraction of actin from adjacent clusters produces contractile pairs that move toward each other against barriers. Force generated by myosin II stimulates a Src kinase-dependent lamellipodial extension and outward movement of clusters. Subsequent retraction by myosin II causes inward movement of clusters. The final cell spread area increases with the density of periodic barriers. Early integrin clustering recruits adhesion proteins, talin, paxillin, and FAK, irrespective of force generation. However, recruitment of vinculin is only observed upon contraction. Thus, we suggest that integrin activation and early clustering are independent of lateral forces. Clustering activates Src-dependent actin polymerization from clusters. Myosin contraction of clusters to lines stimulates active spreading with outward forces from actin polymerization followed by a second wave of contraction. Many of these early mechanical steps are not evident in cells spreading on immobilized matrices perhaps because of the low forces involved. These observations can provide new targets to control integrin-dependent adhesion and motility.
Microarray with Micro- and Nano-topographies Enables Identification of the Optimal Topography for Directing the Differentiation of Primary Murine Neural Progenitor Cells Small (Weinheim an Der Bergstrasse, Germany). Oct, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22807278 During development and tissue repair, progenitor cells are guided by both biochemical and biophysical cues of their microenvironment, including topographical signals. The topographical cues have been shown to play an important role in controlling the fate of cells. Systematic investigation of topographical structures with different geometries and sizes under the identical experimental conditions on the same chip will enhance the understanding of the role of shape and size in cell-topography interactions. A simple customizable multi-architecture chip (MARC) array is therefore developed to incorporate, on a single chip, distinct topographies of various architectural complexities, including both isotropic and anisotropic features, in nano- to micrometer dimensions, with different aspect ratios and hierarchical structures. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) replicas of MARC are used to investigate the influence of different geometries and sizes in neural differentiation of primary murine neural progenitor cells (mNPCs). Anisotropic gratings (2 μm gratings, 250 nm gratings) and isotropic 1 μm pillars significantly promote differentiation of mNPCs into neurons, as indicated by expression of β-III-tubulin (59%, 58%, and 58%, respectively, compared to 30% on the control). In contrast, glial differentiation is enhanced on isotropic 2 μm holes and 1 μm pillars. These results illustrate that anisotropic topographies enhance neuronal differentiation while isotropic topographies enhance glial differentiation on the same chip under the same conditions. MARC enables simultaneous cost-effective investigation of multiple topographies, allowing efficient optimization of topographical and biochemical cues to modulate cell differentiation.
Substrate Topography and Size Determine the Fate of Human Embryonic Stem Cells to Neuronal or Glial Lineage Acta Biomaterialia. Jan, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 22906625 Efficient derivation of neural cells from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) remains an unmet need for the treatment of neurological disorders. The limiting factors for current methods include being labor-intensive, time-consuming and expensive. In this study, we hypothesize that the substrate topography, with optimal geometry and dimension, can modulate the neural fate of hESCs and enhance the efficiency of differentiation. A multi-architectural chip (MARC) containing fields of topographies varying in geometry and dimension was developed to facilitate high-throughput analysis of topography-induced neural differentiation in vitro. The hESCs were subjected to "direct differentiation", in which small clumps of undifferentiated hESCs were cultured directly without going through the stage of embryoid body formation, on the MARC with N2 and B27 supplements for 7 days. The gene and protein expression analysis indicated that the anisotropic patterns like gratings promoted neuronal differentiation of hESCs while the isotropic patterns like pillars and wells promoted the glial differentiation of hESCs. This study showed that optimal combination of topography and biochemical cues could shorten the differentiation period and allowed derivation of neurons bearing longer neurites that were aligned along the grating axis. The MARC platform would enable high-throughput screening of topographical substrates that could maximize the efficiency of neuronal differentiation from pluripotent stem cells.