Articles by Nehal Thakor in JoVE
Toeprinting Analysis of Translation Initiation Complex Formation on Mammalian mRNAs Joseph A. Ross1, Nehal Thakor1,2,3 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Alberta RNA Research and Training Institute, University of Lethbridge, 2Department of Neuroscience and the Canadian Centre for Behavioral Neuroscience (CCBN), University of Lethbridge, 3Arnie Charbonneau Cancer Institute, University of Calgary Toeprinting aims to measure the ability of in vitro transcribed RNA to form translation initiation complexes with ribosomes under a variety of conditions. This protocol describes a method for toeprinting mammalian RNA and can be used to study both cap-dependent and IRES-driven translation.
Other articles by Nehal Thakor on PubMed
Cellular MRNA Recruits the Ribosome Via EIF3-PABP Bridge to Initiate Internal Translation RNA Biology. | Pubmed ID: 26828225 IRES-mediated translation of key cell fate regulating genes has been implicated in tumorigenesis. Concerted action of canonical eukaryotic initiation factors and IRES transacting factors (ITAFs) was shown to regulate cellular IRES mediated translation; however, the precise molecular mechanism of ribosome recruitment to cellular IRESes remains unclear. Here we show that the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) IRES operates in an evolutionary conserved viral like mode and the structural integrity, particularly in the vicinity of AUG, is critical for ribosome recruitment. The binding of eIF3 together with PABP potentiates ribosome recruitment to the IRES. Our data support the model in which eIF3 binds directly to the XIAP IRES RNA in a structure-dependent manner and acts as a scaffold for IRES RNA, PABP and the 40S ribosome.
Role of Eukaryotic Initiation Factors During Cellular Stress and Cancer Progression Journal of Nucleic Acids. | Pubmed ID: 28083147 Protein synthesis can be segmented into distinct phases comprising mRNA translation initiation, elongation, and termination. Translation initiation is a highly regulated and rate-limiting step of protein synthesis that requires more than 12 eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs). Extensive evidence shows that the transcriptome and corresponding proteome do not invariably correlate with each other in a variety of contexts. In particular, translation of mRNAs specific to angiogenesis, tumor development, and apoptosis is altered during physiological and pathophysiological stress conditions. In cancer cells, the expression and functions of eIFs are hampered, resulting in the inhibition of global translation and enhancement of translation of subsets of mRNAs by alternative mechanisms. A precise understanding of mechanisms involving eukaryotic initiation factors leading to differential protein expression can help us to design better strategies to diagnose and treat cancer. The high spatial and temporal resolution of translation control can have an immediate effect on the microenvironment of the cell in comparison with changes in transcription. The dysregulation of mRNA translation mechanisms is increasingly being exploited as a target to treat cancer. In this review, we will focus on this context by describing both canonical and noncanonical roles of eIFs, which alter mRNA translation.