Articles by Nobuyuki Futai in JoVE
Reconfigurable Microfluidic Channel with Pin-discretized Sidewalls Nobuyuki Futai1, Kenji Fujita1, Wataru Ikuta1 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology A microfluidic channel with deformable sidewalls offers flow control, particle handling, channel dimension customization and other reconfigurations while in use. We describe a method for fabricating a microfluidic channel with sidewalls made of an array of pins that allows their shape to change.
Other articles by Nobuyuki Futai on PubMed
Microfluidic Device Capable of Medium Recirculation for Non-adherent Cell Culture Biomicrofluidics. | Pubmed ID: 24753733 We present a microfluidic device designed for maintenance and culture of non-adherent mammalian cells, which enables both recirculation and refreshing of medium, as well as easy harvesting of cells from the device. We demonstrate fabrication of a novel microfluidic device utilizing Braille perfusion for peristaltic fluid flow to enable switching between recirculation and refresh flow modes. Utilizing fluid flow simulations and the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line, HL-60, non-adherent cells, we demonstrate the utility of this RECIR-REFRESH device. With computer simulations, we profiled fluid flow and concentration gradients of autocrine factors and found that the geometry of the cell culture well plays a key role in cell entrapping and retaining autocrine and soluble factors. We subjected HL-60 cells, in the device, to a treatment regimen of 1.25% dimethylsulfoxide, every other day, to provoke differentiation and measured subsequent expression of CD11b on day 2 and day 4 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on day 4. Our findings display perfusion sensitive CD11b expression, but not TNF-α build-up, by day 4 of culture, with a 1:1 ratio of recirculation to refresh flow yielding the greatest increase in CD11b levels. RECIR-REFRESH facilitates programmable levels of cell differentiation in a HL-60 non-adherent cell population and can be expanded to other types of non-adherent cells such as hematopoietic stem cells.
On-chip Multi-gas Incubation for Microfluidic Cell Cultures Under Hypoxia Biomicrofluidics. | Pubmed ID: 25553177 We developed a simple system that regulates CO2 and O2 levels within a microfluidic chip. This system enables long-term cell culture under hypoxic conditions without the need of a CO2 incubator or a multi-gas incubator. Hypoxic conditions were generated using a miniature water jacket containing dissolved ascorbate as an oxygen scavenger. Formulations of the water jacket were determined that enables both 5% pCO2 and desired pO2 levels ranging from 5 to 15%. We also cultured PC-12 cells and primary neuronal cells from chick embryos under hypoxia and observed hypoxia-induced cell death and inhibition of neurite outgrowth.
Reconfigurable Microfluidic Device with Discretized Sidewall Biomicrofluidics. | Pubmed ID: 28503247 Various microfluidic features, such as traps, have been used to manipulate flows, cells, and other particles within microfluidic systems. However, these features often become undesirable in subsequent steps requiring different fluidic configurations. To meet the changing needs of various microfluidic configurations, we developed a reconfigurable microfluidic channel with movable sidewalls using mechanically discretized sidewalls of laterally aligned rectangular pins. The user can deform the channel sidewall at any time after fabrication by sliding the pins. We confirmed that the flow resistance of the straight microchannel could be reversibly adjusted in the range of 10-10Pa s/l by manually displacing one of the pins comprising the microchannel sidewall. The reconfigurable microchannel also made it possible to manipulate flows and cells by creating a segmented patterned culture of COS-7 cells and a coculture of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human lung fibroblasts (hLFs) inside the microchannel. The reconfigurable microfluidic device successfully maintained a culture of COS-7 cells in a log phase throughout the entire period of 216 h. Furthermore, we performed a migration assay of cocultured HUVEC and hLF spheroids within one microchannel and observed their migration toward each other.