Articles by Pascal E. Verboket in JoVE
A Microfluidic Chip for ICPMS Sample Introduction Pascal E. Verboket1, Olga Borovinskaya1, Nicole Meyer1, Detlef Günther1, Petra S. Dittrich1 1Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich We present a discrete droplet sample introduction system for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS). It is based on a cheap and disposable microfluidic chip that generates highly monodisperse droplets in a size range of 40−60 µm at frequencies from 90 to 7,000 Hz.
Other articles by Pascal E. Verboket on PubMed
Interfacing Droplet Microfluidics with Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/ionization Mass Spectrometry: Label-free Content Analysis of Single Droplets Analytical Chemistry. Feb, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23289755 Droplet-based microfluidic systems have become a very powerful tool to miniaturize chemical and biological reactions. However, droplet content analysis remains challenging and relies almost exclusively on optical methods such as fluorescence spectroscopy. Hence, labeling of the analyte is typically required which impedes a more universal applicability of microdroplets. Here we present a novel interface coupling droplet microfluidics and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry for label-free content analysis of single droplets. Nanoliter aqueous droplets immersed in perfluorinated oil are created in a microfluidic T-junction, transferred into a capillary, and deposited on a high-density microarray MALDI plate mounted on a motorized xy-stage. The fully automated system is robust and reliable due to two unique features. First, a simple optical droplet detection system is used to synchronize stage movement and exit of droplets from the capillary. Second, the microarray plate contains an array of over 26,000 hydrophilic spots within a hydrophobic coating, each spot acting as a recipient to confine the droplets and to prevent cross-contamination. The MALDI matrix can also be applied using our system by spotting matrix droplets on the microarray in a separate run. To demonstrate the potential of our system, we studied the enzymatic cleavage of angiotensin I by angiotensin converting enzyme and monitored the increasing concentration of the product angiotensin II over time. The interface provides a robust and fully automated method for rapid label-free and information-rich content analysis of single droplets. With the high number of droplets per plate, this method is particularly suitable for high-throughput screening applications.
A New Microfluidics-based Droplet Dispenser for ICPMS Analytical Chemistry. Jun, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24805360 In this work, a novel droplet microfluidic sample introduction system for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) is proposed and characterized. The cheap and disposable microfluidic chip generates droplets of an aqueous sample in a stream of perfluorohexane (PFH), which is also used to eject them as a liquid jet. The aqueous droplets remain intact during the ejection and can be transported into the ICP with >50% efficiency. The transport is realized via a custom-built system, which includes a membrane desolvator necessary for the PFH vapor removal. The introduction system presented here can generate highly monodisperse droplets in the size range of 40-60 μm at frequencies from 90 to 300 Hz. These droplets produced very stable signals with a relative standard deviation (RSD) comparable to the one achieved with a commercial droplet dispenser. Using the current system, samples with a total volume of