Articles by Raed Shalaby in JoVE
3D Printing of Biomolecular Models for Research and Pedagogy Eduardo Da Veiga Beltrame1, James Tyrwhitt-Drake2, Ian Roy3, Raed Shalaby4, Jakob Suckale4, Daniel Pomeranz Krummel5 1Department of Physics, Brandeis University, 2Bioinformatics and Computational Biosciences Branch (BCBB), NIH/NIAID/OD/OSMO/OCICB, 3Library/LTS/MakerLab, Brandeis University, 4Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry (IFIB), University of Tübingen, 5Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University School of Medicine Physical models of biomolecules can facilitate an understanding of their structure-function for the researcher, aid in communication between researchers, and serve as an educational tool in pedagogical endeavors. Here, we provide detailed guidance for the 3D printing of accurate models of biomolecules using fused filament fabrication desktop 3D printers.
Other articles by Raed Shalaby on PubMed
New Inhibitors of VEGFR-2 Targeting the Extracellular Domain Dimerization Process Bioinformation. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21938205 We are reporting the discovery of small molecule inhibitors for vascular endothelial growth factor receptor type 2 (VEGFR-2) extracellular domain. The VEGFR-2 extracellular domain is responsible for the homo-dimerization process, which has been recently reported as a main step in VEGFR signal transduction cascade. This cascade is essential for the vascularization and survival of most types of cancers. Two main design strategies were used; Molecular docking-based Virtual Screening and Fragment Based Design (FBD). A virtual library of drug like compounds was screened using a cascade of docking techniques in order to discover an inhibitor that binds to this new binding site. Rapid docking methodology was used first to filter the large number of compounds followed by more accurate and slow ones. Fragment based molecular design was adopted afterwards due to unsatisfactory results of screening process. Screening and design process resulted in a group of inhibitors with superior binding energies exceeding that of the natural substrate. Molecular dynamics simulation was used to test the stability of binding of these inhibitors and finally the drug ability of these compounds was assisted using Lipinski rule of five. By this way the designed compounds have shown to possess high pharmacologic potential as novel anticancer agents.
Design and Synthesis of Novel Chalcones As Potent Selective Monoamine Oxidase-B Inhibitors European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. May, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26974383 A novel series of substituted chalcones were designed and synthesized to be evaluated as selective human MAO-B inhibitors. A combination of either methylsulfonyl or trifluoromethyl substituents on the aromatic ketone moiety with a benzodioxol ring on the other end of the chalcone scaffold was investigated. The compounds were tested for their inhibitory activities on both human MAO-A and B. All compounds appeared to be selective MAO-B inhibitors with Ki values in the micromolar to submicromolar range. Molecular modeling studies have been performed to get insight into the binding mode of the synthesized compounds to human MAO-B active site.
Determinants of BH3 Sequence Specificity for the Disruption of Bcl-xL/cBid Complexes in Membranes ACS Chemical Biology. Feb, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28170214 The prosurvival Bcl-2 proteins exhibit a specific pattern of interactions with BH3-only proteins that determines the cellular dependence on apoptotic stress. This specificity is crucial for the development of BH3 mimetics, a class of anticancer molecules based on the BH3 domain with promising activity in clinical trials. Although complex formation mainly takes place in the mitochondrial outer membrane, most studies so far addressed the interaction between BH3 peptides and truncated Bcl-2 proteins in solution. As a consequence, quantitative understanding of the sequence specificity determinants of BH3 peptides in the membrane environment is missing. Here, we tackle this issue by systematically quantifying the ability of BH3 peptides to compete for the complexes between cBid and Bcl-xL in giant unilamellar vesicles and compare it with solution and mitochondria. We show that the BH3 peptides derived from Hrk, Bim, Bid, and Bad are the most efficient in disrupting cBid/Bcl-xL complexes in the membrane, which correlates with their activity in mitochondria. Our findings support the targeting to the membrane of small molecules that bind Bcl-2 proteins as a strategy to improve their efficiency.