Articles by Rebecca S. Moreci in JoVE
Methods to Discover Alternative Promoter Usage and Transcriptional Regulation of Murine Bcrp1 Karthika Natarajan1,2, Yi Xie1,3, Takeo Nakanishi4, Rebecca S. Moreci5,6, Pancharatnam Jeyasuria7, Arif Hussain1,3,8,9, Douglas D. Ross1,3,8,9,10,11 1Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 2Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, 3Baltimore VA Medical Center, 4Membrane Transport and Biopharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University, 5Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science, University of Pittsburgh, 6 With the murine ABC transporter Bcrp1 (Abcg2) as an example, in-silico protocols are presented to detect alternative promoter usage in genes expressed in mouse tissues, and to evaluate the functionality of the alternative promoters identified using reporter assays.
Other articles by Rebecca S. Moreci on PubMed
Bcrp1 Transcription in Mouse Testis is Controlled by a Promoter Upstream of a Novel First Exon (E1U) Regulated by Steroidogenic Factor-1 Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta. Dec, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 24189494 Alternative promoter usage is typically associated with mRNAs with differing first exons that contain or consist entirely of a 5' untranslated region. The murine Bcrp1 (Abcg2) transporter has three alternative promoters associated with mRNAs containing alternative untranslated first exons designated as E1A, E1B, and E1C. The E1B promoter regulates Bcrp1 transcription in mouse intestine. Here, we report the identification and characterization of a novel Bcrp1 promoter and first exon, E1U, located upstream from the other Bcrp1 promoters/first exons, which is the predominant alternative promoter utilized in murine testis. Using in silico analysis we identified a putative steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) response element that was unique to the Bcrp1 E1U alternative promoter. Overexpression of SF-1 in murine TM4 Sertoli cells enhanced Bcrp1 E1U mRNA expression and increased Bcrp1 E1U alternative promoter activity in a reporter assay, whereas mutation of the SF-1 binding site totally eliminated Bcrp1 E1U alternative promoter activity. Moreover, expression of Bcrp1 E1U and total mRNA and Bcrp1 protein was markedly diminished in the testes from adult Sertoli cell-specific SF-1 knockout mice, in comparison to the testes from wild-type mice. Binding of SF-1 to the SF-1 response element in the E1U promoter was demonstrated by chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. In conclusion, nuclear transcription factor SF-1 is involved with the regulation of a novel promoter of Bcrp1 that governs transcription of the E1U mRNA isoform in mice. The present study furthers understanding of the complex regulation of Bcrp1 expression in specific tissues of a mammalian model.
Restoration of Spermatogenesis and Male Fertility Using an Androgen Receptor Transgene PloS One. 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25803277 Androgens signal through the androgen receptor (AR) to regulate male secondary sexual characteristics, reproductive tract development, prostate function, sperm production, bone and muscle mass as well as body hair growth among other functions. We developed a transgenic mouse model in which endogenous AR expression was replaced by a functionally modified AR transgene. A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) was constructed containing all AR exons and introns plus 40 kb each of 5' and 3' regulatory sequence. Insertion of an internal ribosome entry site and the EGFP gene 3' to AR allowed co-expression of AR and EGFP. Pronuclear injection of the BAC resulted in six founder mice that displayed EGFP production in appropriate AR expressing tissues. The six founder mice were mated into a Sertoli cell specific AR knockout (SCARKO) background in which spermatogenesis is blocked at the meiosis stage of germ cell development. The AR-EGFP transgene was expressed in a cyclical manner similar to that of endogenous AR in Sertoli cells and fertility was restored as offspring were produced in the absence of Sertoli cell AR. Thus, the AR-EGFP transgene under the control of AR regulatory elements is capable of rescuing AR function in a cell selective, AR-null background. These initial studies provide proof of principle that a strategy employing the AR-EGFP transgene can be used to understand AR functions. Transgenic mice expressing selective modifications of the AR-EGFP transgene may provide crucial information needed to elicit the molecular mechanisms by which AR acts in the testis and other androgen responsive tissues.
Uterine Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-unfolded Protein Response Regulation of Gestational Length is Caspase-3 and -7-dependent Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Nov, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26504199 We previously identified myometrial caspase-3 (CASP3) as a potential regulator of uterine quiescence. We also determined that during pregnancy, the functional activation of uterine CASP3 is likely governed by an integrated endoplasmic reticulum stress response (ERSR) and is consequently limited by an increased unfolded protein response (UPR). The present study examined the functional relevance of uterine UPR-ERSR in maintaining myometrial quiescence and regulating the timing of parturition. In vitro analysis of the human uterine myocyte hTERT-HM cell line revealed that tunicamycin (TM)-induced ERSR modified uterine myocyte contractile responsiveness. Accordingly, alteration of in vivo uterine UPR-ERSR using a pregnant mouse model significantly modified gestational length. We determined that "normal" gestational activation of the ERSR-induced CASP3 and caspase 7 (CASP7) maintains uterine quiescence through previously unidentified proteolytic targeting of the gap junction protein, alpha 1(GJA1); however, surprisingly, TM-induced uterine ERSR triggered an exaggerated UPR that eliminated uterine CASP3 and 7 tocolytic action precociously. These events allowed for a premature increase in myometrial GJA1 levels, elevated contractile responsiveness, and the onset of preterm labor. Importantly, a successful reversal of the magnified ERSR-induced preterm birth phenotype could be achieved by pretreatment with 4-phenylbutrate, a chaperone protein mimic.