Articles by Richard Bruch in JoVE
Dry Film Photoresist-based Electrochemical Microfluidic Biosensor Platform: Device Fabrication, On-chip Assay Preparation, and System Operation Richard Bruch*1, André Kling*1,3, Gerald A. Urban1,2, Can Dincer1,2 1Department of Microsystems Engineering, University of Freiburg, 2Freiburg Materials Research Center, University of Freiburg, 3Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zurich A microfluidic biosensor platform was designed and fabricated using low-cost dry film photoresist technology for the rapid and sensitive quantification of various analytes. This single-use system allows for the electrochemical readout of on-chip-immobilized enzyme-linked assays by means of the stop-flow technique.
Other articles by Richard Bruch on PubMed
Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 5 and Calcium Signaling in Retinal Amacrine Cells Journal of Neurochemistry. Jun, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12065609 To begin to understand the modulatory role of glutamate in the inner retina, we examined the mechanisms underlying metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5)-dependent Ca(2+) elevations in cultured GABAergic amacrine cells. A partial sequence of chicken retinal mGluR5 encompassing intracellular loops 2 and 3 suggests that it can couple to both G(q) and G(s). Selective activation of mGluR5 stimulated Ca(2+) elevations that varied in waveform from cell to cell. Experiments using high external K(+) revealed that the mGluR5-dependent Ca(2+) elevations are distinctive in amplitude and time course from those engendered by depolarization. Experiments with a Ca(2+) -free external solution demonstrated that the variability in the time course of mGluR5-dependent Ca(2+) elevations is largely due to the influx of extracellular Ca(2+). The sensitivity of the initial phase of the Ca(2+) elevation to thapsigargin indicates that this phase of the response is due to the release of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum. Pharmacological evidence indicates that mGluR5-mediated Ca(2+) elevations are dependent upon the activation of phospholipase C. We rule out a role for L-type Ca(2+) channels and cAMP-gated channels as pathways for Ca(2+) entry, but provide evidence of transient receptor potential (TRP) channel-like immunoreactivity, suggesting that Ca(2+) influx may occur through TRP channels. These results indicate that GABAergic amacrine cells express an avian version of mGluR5 that is linked to phospholipase C-dependent Ca(2+) release and Ca(2+) influx, possibly through TRP channels.
A Sea Change in Medicine: Current Shifts in the Delivery and Payment of Medical Care North Carolina Medical Journal. Jul-Aug, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27422947 The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Triple Aim are driving a shift toward value-based care. Significant financial risk is being transferred from commercial insurers and government payers to hospital systems and independent physician groups. Medicare has developed bundled payment programs, but legislative barriers still impede the implementation of value-based health care.
Multiplexed Point-of-Care Testing - XPOCT Trends in Biotechnology. Aug, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28456344 Multiplexed point-of-care testing (xPOCT), which is simultaneous on-site detection of different analytes from a single specimen, has recently gained increasing importance for clinical diagnostics, with emerging applications in resource-limited settings (such as in the developing world, in doctors' offices, or directly at home). Nevertheless, only single-analyte approaches are typically considered as the major paradigm in many reviews of point-of-care testing. Here, we comprehensively review the present diagnostic systems and techniques for xPOCT applications. Different multiplexing technologies (e.g., bead- or array-based systems) are considered along with their detection methods (e.g., electrochemical or optical). We also address the unmet needs and challenges of xPOCT. Finally, we critically summarize the in-field applicability and the future perspectives of the presented approaches.