Articles by Rochna Chand in JoVE
Ekstraktion af Tissue Antigens for Funktionelle analyser Andra Necula1, Rochna Chand1, Batool Albatat1, Stuart I. Mannering1,2 1Immunology and Diabetes Unit, St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, 2Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne En enkel protokol til fremstilling af ekstrakter af humane væv til anvendelse som en kilde til antigener i funktionelle T-celleassays er beskrevet. Denne fremgangsmåde tillader T-celle-reaktioner på vævs-afledte antigener, der skal måles
Other articles by Rochna Chand on PubMed
CEACAM1 Negatively Regulates Platelet-collagen Interactions and Thrombus Growth in Vitro and in Vivo Blood. Feb, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19008452 Carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule-1 (CEACAM1) is a surface glycoprotein expressed on various blood cells, epithelial cells, and vascular cells. CEACAM1 possesses adhesive and signaling properties mediated by its intrinsic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs that recruit SHP-1 protein-tyrosine phosphatase. In this study, we demonstrate that CEACAM1 is expressed on the surface and in intracellular pools of platelets. In addition, CEACAM1 serves to negatively regulate signaling of platelets by collagen through the glycoprotein VI (GPVI)/Fc receptor (FcR)-gamma-chain. ceacam1(-/-) platelets displayed enhanced type I collagen and GPVI-selective ligand, collagen-related peptide (CRP), CRP-mediated platelet aggregation, enhanced platelet adhesion on type I collagen, and elevated CRP-mediated alpha and dense granule secretion. Platelets derived from ceacam1(-/-) mice form larger thrombi when perfused over a collagen matrix under arterial flow compared with wild-type mice. Furthermore, using intravital microscopy to ferric chloride-injured mesenteric arterioles, we show that thrombi formed in vivo in ceacam1(-/-) mice were larger and were more stable than those in wild-type mice. GPVI depletion using monoclonal antibody JAQ1 treatment of ceacam1(-/-) mice showed a reversal in the more stable thrombus growth phenotype. ceacam1(-/-) mice were more susceptible to type I collagen-induced pulmonary thromboembolism than wild-type mice. Thus, CEACAM1 acts as a negative regulator of platelet-collagen interactions and of thrombus growth involving the collagen GPVI receptor in vitro and in vivo.
Residual Methylprednisolone Suppresses Human T-cell Responses to Spleen, but Not Islet, Extracts from Deceased Organ Donors International Immunology. Jul, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22378502 Pancreatic islets, transplanted into recipients with type 1 diabetes, are exposed to allogenic and auto-immune T-cell responses. We set out to develop an assay to measure these responses using PBMC. Our approach was to prepare spleen extract from the islet donors (allo-antigen) and islet extracts (auto-antigen). To our surprise, we found that spleen extracts potently inhibited the proliferation of human T cells driven by antigen (tetanus toxoid) and mitogen (anti-CD3 mAb, OKT3), whereas extracts prepared from pancreatic islets from the same donor did not suppress T-cell proliferation. Suppression mediated by spleen extracts was unaffected by blocking mAbs against the IL-10R, transforming growth factor-Î² or CD152 (CTLA-4). It was also unaffected by denaturing the spleen extracts by heating, exposing to reducing agents or protease digestion. Because deceased organ donors are commonly given the immunosuppressive glucocorticoid methylprednisolone prior to death, we hypothesized that suppression was due to residual methylprednisolone in the spleen extracts. Methylprednisolone could be detected by mass spectrometry in spleen extracts at concentrations that suppress T-cell proliferation. Finally, the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist mifepristone completely reversed the suppression caused by the spleen extracts. We conclude that extracts of human spleen, but not islets, from deceased organ donors contain sufficient residual methylprednisolone to suppress the proliferation of T-cells in vitro.