Articles by Seonghyun Lee in JoVE
Visualization of Surface-tethered Large DNA Molecules with a Fluorescent Protein DNA Binding Peptide Seonghyun Lee1, Kyubong Jo1 1Department of Chemistry and Interdisciplinary Program of Integrated Biotechnology, Sogang University We present an approach for visualizing fluorescent protein DNA binding peptide (FP-DBP)-stained large DNA molecules tethered on the polyethylene glycol (PEG) and avidin-coated glass surface and stretched with microfluidic shear flows.
Other articles by Seonghyun Lee on PubMed
Mass Spectrometric Investigation of the Role of the Linking Polypeptide Chain in DNA Polymerase I The Analyst. May, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24695614 DNA polymerase I offers great promise for a wide range of biotechnological applications due to its capability to add labeled nucleotides into double-stranded large DNA molecules by using both polymerase and nuclease domains. Accordingly, it is crucially important to thoroughly characterize this enzyme for further developments. Although the enzyme has been thus far characterized using mainly traditional analytical instruments, here we utilized an advanced and convenient means of mass spectrometry to elucidate enzymatic functions and mechanisms by measuring DNA oligomers generated by polymerase and nuclease reactions. Our analysis revealed several novel enzymatic features, including the observation that polymerase readily dissociates from the DNA molecules containing a wide single-stranded section. From this finding, we reasoned a serious situation of DNA break because polymerase domains cannot efficiently repair the wide single-stranded section, which is susceptible to DNA breaks. Furthermore, we deduced a plausible explanation for a paradoxical question as to why two domains of polymerase and 5'-nuclease are linked by a small and flexible polypeptide in polymerase I. The polypeptide link seems to prevent a 5'-nuclease from causing DNA breaks by locating a polymerase domain closely for immediate repair reaction. Here we present experimental evidence to prove our hypothesis via a set of mass spectrometric analyses as well as single DNA molecule observation and bacterial cell growth assay. Consequently, mass spectrometric analysis for DNA polymerase I provides a meaningful biological insight that a polypeptide link can be a molecular leash to control an aggressive domain in order to prevent unmanageable damages.
Visualization of Large Elongated DNA Molecules Electrophoresis. Sep, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25994517 Long and linear DNA molecules are the mainstream single-molecule analytes for a variety of biochemical analysis within microfluidic devices, including functionalized surfaces and nanostructures. However, for biochemical analysis, large DNA molecules have to be unraveled, elongated, and visualized to obtain biochemical and genomic information. To date, elongated DNA molecules have been exploited in the development of a number of genome analysis systems as well as for the study of polymer physics due to the advantage of direct visualization of single DNA molecule. Moreover, each single DNA molecule provides individual information, which makes it useful for stochastic event analysis. Therefore, numerous studies of enzymatic random motions have been performed on a large elongated DNA molecule. In this review, we introduce mechanisms to elongate DNA molecules using microfluidics and nanostructures in the beginning. Secondly, we discuss how elongated DNA molecules have been utilized to obtain biochemical and genomic information by direct visualization of DNA molecules. Finally, we reviewed the approaches used to study the interaction of proteins and large DNA molecules. Although DNA-protein interactions have been investigated for many decades, it is noticeable that there have been significant achievements for the last five years. Therefore, we focus mainly on recent developments for monitoring enzymatic activity on large elongated DNA molecules.
DNA Binding Fluorescent Proteins for the Direct Visualization of Large DNA Molecules Nucleic Acids Research. Jan, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26264666 Fluorescent proteins that also bind DNA molecules are useful reagents for a broad range of biological applications because they can be optically localized and tracked within cells, or provide versatile labels for in vitro experiments. We report a novel design for a fluorescent, DNA-binding protein (FP-DBP) that completely 'paints' entire DNA molecules, whereby sequence-independent DNA binding is accomplished by linking a fluorescent protein to two small peptides (KWKWKKA) using lysine for binding to the DNA phosphates, and tryptophan for intercalating between DNA bases. Importantly, this ubiquitous binding motif enables fluorescent proteins (Kd = 14.7 μM) to confluently stain DNA molecules and such binding is reversible via pH shifts. These proteins offer useful robust advantages for single DNA molecule studies: lack of fluorophore mediated photocleavage and staining that does not perturb polymer contour lengths. Accordingly, we demonstrate confluent staining of naked DNA molecules presented within microfluidic devices, or localized within live bacterial cells.