Articles by Sergey Kupriyanov in JoVE
Generation of Mice Derived from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Michael J. Boland1, Jennifer L. Hazen1, Kristopher L. Nazor1, Alberto R. Rodriguez2, Greg Martin2, Sergey Kupriyanov2, Kristin K. Baldwin1 1Dorris Neuroscience Center & Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 2Mouse Genetics Core Facility, The Scripps Research Institute Generating induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines produces lines of differing developmental potential even when they pass standard tests for pluripotency. Here we describe a protocol to produce mice derived entirely from iPSCs, which defines the iPSC lines as possessing full pluripotency1.
Other articles by Sergey Kupriyanov on PubMed
Functional Classification of ADAMs Based on a Conserved Motif for Binding to Integrin Alpha 9beta 1: Implications for Sperm-egg Binding and Other Cell Interactions The Journal of Biological Chemistry. May, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 11882657 ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteases) are members of the metzincin superfamily of metalloproteases. Among integrins binding to disintegrin domains of ADAMs are alpha(9)beta(1) and alpha(v)beta(3), and they bind in an RGD-independent and an RGD-dependent manner, respectively. Human ADAM15 is the only ADAM with the RGD motif in the disintegrin domain. Thus, both integrin alpha(9)beta(1) and alpha(v)beta(3) recognize the ADAM15 disintegrin domain. We determined how these integrins recognize the ADAM15 disintegrin domain by mutational analysis. We found that the Arg(481) and the Asp-Leu-Pro-Glu-Phe residues (residues 488-492) were critical for alpha(9)beta(1) binding, but the RGD motif (residues 484-486) was not. In contrast, the RGD motif was critical for alpha(v)beta(3) binding, but the other residues flanking the RGD motif were not. As the RX(6)DLPEF alpha(9)beta(1) recognition motif (residues 481-492) is conserved among ADAMs, except for ADAM10 and 17, we hypothesized that alpha(9)beta(1) may recognize disintegrin domains in all ADAMs except ADAM10 and 17. Indeed we found that alpha(9)beta(1) bound avidly to the disintegrin domains of ADAM1, 2, 3, and 9 but not to the disintegrin domains of ADAM10 and 17. As several ADAMs have been implicated in sperm-oocyte interaction, we tested whether the functional classification of ADAMs, based on specificity for integrin alpha(9)beta(1), applies to sperm-egg binding. We found that the ADAM2 and 15 disintegrin domains bound to oocytes, but the ADAM17 disintegrin domain did not. Furthermore, the ADAM2 and 15 disintegrin domains effectively blocked binding of sperm to oocytes, but the ADAM17 disintegrin domain did not. These results suggest that oocytes and alpha(9)beta(1) have similar binding specificities for ADAMs and that alpha(9)beta(1), or a receptor with similar specificity, may be involved in sperm-egg interaction during fertilization. As alpha(9)beta(1) is a receptor for many ADAM disintegrins and alpha(9)beta(1) and ADAMs are widely expressed, alpha(9)beta(1)-ADAM interaction may be of a broad biological importance.
Keratin 8 Protection of Placental Barrier Function The Journal of Cell Biology. May, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12771125 The intermediate filament protein keratin 8 (K8) is critical for the development of most mouse embryos beyond midgestation. We find that 68% of K8-/- embryos, in a sensitive genetic background, are rescued from placental bleeding and subsequent death by cellular complementation with wild-type tetraploid extraembryonic cells. This indicates that the primary defect responsible for K8-/- lethality is trophoblast giant cell layer failure. Furthermore, the genetic absence of maternal but not paternal TNF doubles the number of viable K8-/- embryos. Finally, we show that K8-/- concepti are more sensitive to a TNF-dependent epithelial apoptosis induced by the administration of concanavalin A (ConA) to pregnant mothers. The ConA-induced failure of the trophoblast giant cell barrier results in hematoma formation between the trophoblast giant cell layer and the embryonic yolk sac in a phenocopy of dying K8-deficient concepti in a sensitive genetic background. We conclude the lethality of K8-/- embryos is due to a TNF-sensitive failure of trophoblast giant cell barrier function. The keratin-dependent protection of trophoblast giant cells from a maternal TNF-dependent apoptotic challenge may be a key function of simple epithelial keratins.
Adult Mice Generated from Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Nature. Sep, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19672243 Recent landmark experiments have shown that transient overexpression of a small number of transcription factors can reprogram differentiated cells into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells that resemble embryonic stem (ES) cells. These iPS cells hold great promise for medicine because they have the potential to generate patient-specific cell types for cell replacement therapy and produce in vitro models of disease, without requiring embryonic tissues or oocytes. Although current iPS cell lines resemble ES cells, they have not passed the most stringent test of pluripotency by generating full-term or adult mice in tetraploid complementation assays, raising questions as to whether they are sufficiently potent to generate all of the cell types in an organism. Whether this difference between iPS and ES cells reflects intrinsic limitations of direct reprogramming is not known. Here we report fertile adult mice derived entirely from iPS cells that we generated by inducible genetic reprogramming of mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Producing adult mice derived entirely from a reprogrammed fibroblast shows that all features of a differentiated cell can be restored to an embryonic level of pluripotency without exposure to unknown ooplasmic factors. Comparing these fully pluripotent iPS cell lines to less developmentally potent lines may reveal molecular markers of different pluripotent states. Furthermore, mice derived entirely from iPS cells will provide a new resource to assess the functional and genomic stability of cells and tissues derived from iPS cells, which is important to validate their utility in cell replacement therapy and research applications.