Articles by Shoukath Sulthana in JoVE
Foodborne Pathogen Screening Using Magneto-fluorescent Nanosensor: Rapid Detection of E. Coli O157:H7 Tyler Shelby1, Shoukath Sulthana1, James McAfee1, Tuhina Banerjee1, Santimukul Santra1 1Department of Chemistry and Kansas Polymer Research Center, Pittsburg State University The overall goal of this protocol is to synthesize functional nanosensors for the portable, cost-effective, and rapid detection of specifically targeted pathogenic bacteria through a combination of magnetic relaxation and fluorescence emission modalities.
Other articles by Shoukath Sulthana on PubMed
Multiparametric Magneto-fluorescent Nanosensors for the Ultrasensitive Detection of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 ACS Infectious Diseases. Oct, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27737552 Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 presents a serious threat to human health and sanitation and is a leading cause in many food- and waterborne ailments. While conventional bacterial detection methods such as PCR, fluorescent immunoassays and ELISA exhibit high sensitivity and specificity, they are relatively laborious and require sophisticated instruments. In addition, these methods often demand extensive sample preparation and have lengthy readout times. We propose a simpler and more sensitive diagnostic technique featuring multiparametric magneto-fluorescent nanosensors (MFnS). Through a combination of magnetic relaxation and fluorescence measurements, our nanosensors are able to detect bacterial contamination with concentrations as little as 1 colony-forming unit (CFU). The magnetic relaxation property of our MFnS allow for sensitive screening at low target CFU, which is complemented by fluorescence measurements of higher CFU samples. Together, these qualities allow for the detection and quantification of broad-spectrum contaminations in samples ranging from aquatic reservoirs to commercially produced food.
Novel Magnetic Relaxation Nanosensors: an Unparalleled "spin" on Influenza Diagnosis Nanoscale. Dec, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27778002 Rapid detection and diagnosis of pathogenic strains of influenza is necessary for expedited treatment and quicker resolutions to the ever-rising flu pandemics. Considering this, we propose the development of novel magnetic relaxation nanosensors (MRnS) for the rapid detection of influenza through targeted binding with hemagglutinin. 2,6- and 2,3-sialic acid ligands and entry blocker peptides are conjugated to iron oxide nanoparticles to create functional MRnS. Positive detection of various hemagglutinin variants (H1 and H5) is possible with protein concentrations as little as 1.0 nM. Most importantly, detection using functional MRnS is achieved within minutes and differentiates between influenza subtypes. This specificity allows mixtures of MRnS to screen for multiple pathogens at once, discarding the need to conduct multiple individual tests. Current methods used to diagnose influenza, such as RT-PCR and viral culturing, while largely effective, are complex, time-consuming and costly. As well, they are not as sensitive or specific, and have been known to produce false-positive results. In contrast to these methods, targeted MRnS are robust, point-of-care diagnostic tools featuring simple, rapid and low-cost procedures. These qualities, as well as high sensitivity and specificity, and low turnaround times, make a strong case for the diagnostic application of MRnS in clinical settings.
Combination Therapy of NSCLC Using Hsp90 Inhibitor and Doxorubicin Carrying Functional Nanoceria Molecular Pharmaceutics. Mar, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28081601 K-RAS driven non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents a major cause of death among smokers. Recently, nanotechnology has introduced novel avenues for the diagnosis and personalized treatment options for cancer. Herein, we report a novel, multifunctional nanoceria platform loaded with a unique combination of two therapeutic drugs, doxorubicin (Doxo) and Hsp90 inhibitor ganetespib (GT), for the diagnosis and effective treatment of NSCLC. We hypothesize that the use of ganetespib synergizes and accelerates the therapeutic efficacy of Doxo via ROS production, while minimizing the potential cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin drug. Polyacrylic acid (PAA)-coated cerium oxide nanoparticles (PNC) were fabricated for the targeted combination therapy of lung cancers. Using "click" chemistry, the surface carboxylic acid groups of nanoceria were decorated with folic acid to target folate-receptor-overexpressing NSCLC. As a result of combination therapy, results showed more than 80% of NSCLC death within 48 h of incubation. These synergistic therapeutic effects were assessed via enhanced ROS, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and migration assays. Overall, these results indicated that the targeted codelivery of Doxo and GT using nanoceria may offer an alternative combination therapy option for the treatment of undruggable NSCLC.