Articles by Shubhendu Sen Roy in JoVE
Cell-free Biochemical Fluorometric Enzymatic Assay for High-throughput Measurement of Lipid Peroxidation in High Density Lipoprotein Shubhendu Sen Roy1, Huy Cong Xuan Nguyen1, Thomas A. Angelovich2,3, Anna C. Hearps2, Diana Huynh1,4, Anthony Jaworowski2,4, Theodoros Kelesidis1 1University of California, Los Angeles, 2Centre for Biomedical Research, Burnet Institute, 3School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, 4Department of Infectious Diseases, Monash University We describe here a fluorometric cell-free biochemical assay for determination of HDL-lipid peroxidation. This rapid and reproducible assay can be used to determine HDL function in large scale studies and can contribute to our understanding of HDL function in human disease.
Other articles by Shubhendu Sen Roy on PubMed
Cellular and Molecular Regulation of Mammalian Blastocyst Hatching Journal of Reproductive Immunology. Dec, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19879652 In mammals including humans, failure in blastocyst hatching and implantation leads to early embryonic loss and infertility. Prior to implantation, the blastocyst must hatch out of its acellular glycoprotein coat, the zona pellucida (ZP). The phenomenon of blastocyst hatching is believed to be regulated by (i) dynamic cellular components such as actin-based trophectodermal projections (TEPs), and (ii) a variety of autocrine and paracrine molecules such as growth factors, cytokines and proteases. The spatio-temporal regulation of zona lysis by blastocyst-derived cellular and molecular signaling factors is being keenly investigated. Our studies show that hamster blastocyst hatching is accelerated by growth factors such as heparin binding-epidermal growth factor and leukemia inhibitory factor and that embryo-derived, cysteine proteases including cathepsins are responsible for blastocyst hatching. Additionally, we believe that cyclooxygenase-generated prostaglandins, estradiol-17beta mediated estrogen receptor-alpha signaling and possibly NFkappaB could be involved in peri-hatching development. Moreover, we show that TEPs are intimately involved with lysing ZP and that the TEPs potentially enrich and harbor hatching-enabling factors. These observations provide new insights into our understanding of the key cellular and molecular regulators involved in the phenomenon of mammalian blastocyst hatching, which is essential for the establishment of early pregnancy.
Expression and Function of Cyclooxygenase-2 is Necessary for Hamster Blastocyst Hatching Molecular Human Reproduction. Dec, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 24043695 Blastocyst hatching is critical for successful implantation leading to pregnancy. Its failure causes infertility. The phenomenon of blastocyst hatching in humans is poorly understood and the available information on this stems from studies of rodents such as mice and hamsters. We and others showed that hamster blastocyst hatching is characterized by firstly blastocyst deflation followed by a dissolution of the zona pellucida (zona) and accompanied by trophectodermal projections (TEPs). We also showed that embryo-derived cathepsins (Cat) proteases, specifically Cat-L, -B and -P act as zonalysins and are responsible for hatching. In this study, we show the expression and function of one of the potential regulators of embryogenesis, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 during blastocyst development and hatching. The expression of COX-2 mRNA and protein was observed in 8-cell through hatched blastocyst stages and it was also localized to blastocyst's TEPs. Specific COX-2 inhibitors, NS-398 and CAY-10404, inhibited blastocyst hatching; percentages achieved were only 28.4 ± 5.3 and 32.3 ± 5.4%, respectively, compared with >90% with untreated embryos. Interestingly, inhibitor-treated blastocysts failed to deflate, normally observed during hatching. Supplementation of prostaglandins (PGs)-E2 or -I2 to cultured embryos reversed the inhibitors' effect on hatching and also the deflation behavior. Importantly, the levels of mRNA and protein of Cat-L, -B and -P showed a significant reduction in the inhibitor-treated embryos compared with untreated embryos, although its mechanism remains to be examined. These data provide the first evidence that COX-2 is critical for blastocyst hatching in the golden hamster.
A Novel Rapid and Reproducible Flow Cytometric Method for Optimization of Transfection Efficiency in Cells PloS One. 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28863132 Transfection is one of the most frequently used techniques in molecular biology that is also applicable for gene therapy studies in humans. One of the biggest challenges to investigate the protein function and interaction in gene therapy studies is to have reliable monospecific detection reagents, particularly antibodies, for all human gene products. Thus, a reliable method that can optimize transfection efficiency based on not only expression of the target protein of interest but also the uptake of the nucleic acid plasmid, can be an important tool in molecular biology. Here, we present a simple, rapid and robust flow cytometric method that can be used as a tool to optimize transfection efficiency at the single cell level while overcoming limitations of prior established methods that quantify transfection efficiency. By using optimized ratios of transfection reagent and a nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) vector directly labeled with a fluorochrome, this method can be used as a tool to simultaneously quantify cellular toxicity of different transfection reagents, the amount of nucleic acid plasmid that cells have taken up during transfection as well as the amount of the encoded expressed protein. Finally, we demonstrate that this method is reproducible, can be standardized and can reliably and rapidly quantify transfection efficiency, reducing assay costs and increasing throughput while increasing data robustness.