In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (7)
- Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
- The Journal of Biological Chemistry
- Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS
- Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.)
- Structure (London, England : 1993)
- Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
Articles by Simone Culurgioni in JoVE
Biochemical and Structural Characterization of the Carbohydrate Transport Substrate-binding-protein SP0092 Simone Culurgioni1,2, Minzhe Tang1,2, David R. Hall1, Martin A. Walsh1,2 1Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science & Innovation Campus, 2Research Complex at Harwell, Harwell Science & Innovation Campus A streamlined protocol for performing an extensive biochemical and structural characterization of a carbohydrate substrate binding protein from Streptococcus pneumoniae is presented.
Other articles by Simone Culurgioni on PubMed
Crystallization and Preliminary X-ray Diffraction Analysis of the Dimerization Domain of the Tumour Suppressor ING4 Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications. May, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20445261 Inhibitor of growth protein 4 (ING4) belongs to the ING family of tumour suppressors and is involved in chromatin remodelling, in growth arrest and, in cooperation with p53, in senescence and apoptosis. Whereas the structure and histone H3-binding properties of the C-terminal PHD domains of the ING proteins are known, no structural information is available for the N-terminal domains. This domain contains a putative oligomerization site rich in helical structure in the ING2-5 members of the family. The N-terminal domain of ING4 was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Crystallization experiments yielded crystals that were suitable for high-resolution X-ray diffraction analysis. The crystals belonged to the orthorhombic space group C222, with unit-cell parameters a = 129.7, b = 188.3, c = 62.7 A. The self-rotation function and the Matthews coefficient suggested the presence of three protein dimers per asymmetric unit. The crystals diffracted to a resolution of 2.3 A using synchrotron radiation at the Swiss Light Source (SLS) and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF).
Inscuteable and NuMA Proteins Bind Competitively to Leu-Gly-Asn Repeat-enriched Protein (LGN) During Asymmetric Cell Divisions Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22171003 Coupling of spindle orientation to cellular polarity is a prerequisite for epithelial asymmetric cell divisions. The current view posits that the adaptor Inscuteable (Insc) bridges between Par3 and the spindle tethering machinery assembled on NuMALGNGαi(GDP), thus triggering apico-basal spindle orientation. The crystal structure of the Drosophila ortholog of LGN (known as Pins) in complex with Insc reveals a modular interface contributed by evolutionary conserved residues. The structure also identifies a positively charged patch of LGN binding to an invariant EPE-motif present on both Insc and NuMA. In vitro competition assays indicate that Insc competes with NuMA for LGN binding, displaying a higher affinity, and that it is capable of opening the LGN conformational switch. The finding that Insc and NuMA are mutually exclusive interactors of LGN challenges the established model of force generators assembly, which we revise on the basis of the newly discovered biochemical properties of the intervening components.
Crystal Structure of Inhibitor of Growth 4 (ING4) Dimerization Domain Reveals Functional Organization of ING Family of Chromatin-binding Proteins The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Mar, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22334692 The protein ING4 binds to histone H3 trimethylated at Lys-4 (H3K4me3) through its C-terminal plant homeodomain, thus recruiting the HBO1 histone acetyltransferase complex to target promoters. The structure of the plant homeodomain finger bound to an H3K4me3 peptide has been described, as well as the disorder and flexibility in the ING4 central region. We report the crystal structure of the ING4 N-terminal domain, which shows an antiparallel coiled-coil homodimer with each protomer folded into a helix-loop-helix structure. This arrangement suggests that ING4 can bind simultaneously two histone tails on the same or different nucleosomes. Dimerization has a direct impact on ING4 tumor suppressor activity because monomeric mutants lose the ability to induce apoptosis after genotoxic stress. Homology modeling based on the ING4 structure suggests that other ING dimers may also exist.
Going Vertical: Functional Role and Working Principles of the Protein Inscuteable in Asymmetric Cell Divisions Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS. Nov, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23516018 Coordinating mitotic spindle dynamics with cortical polarity is essential for stem cell asymmetric divisions. Over the years, the protein Inscuteable (Insc) has emerged as a key element determining the spindle orientation in asymmetric mitoses. Its overexpression increases differentiative divisions in systems as diverse as mouse keratinocytes and radial glial cells. To date, the molecular explanation to account for this phenotype envisioned Insc as an adaptor molecule bridging between the polarity proteins Par3:Par6:aPKC and the spindle pulling machines assembled on NuMA:LGN:Gαi. However, recent biochemical and structural data revealed that Insc and NuMA are competitive interactors of LGN, challenging the simplistic idea of a single apical macromolecular complex, and demanding a revision of the actual working principles of Insc.
Application of in Situ Diffraction in High-throughput Structure Determination Platforms Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25502203 Macromolecular crystallography (MX) is the most powerful technique available to structural biologists to visualize in atomic detail the macromolecular machinery of the cell. Since the emergence of structural genomics initiatives, significant advances have been made in all key steps of the structure determination process. In particular, third-generation synchrotron sources and the application of highly automated approaches to data acquisition and analysis at these facilities have been the major factors in the rate of increase of macromolecular structures determined annually. A plethora of tools are now available to users of synchrotron beamlines to enable rapid and efficient evaluation of samples, collection of the best data, and in favorable cases structure solution in near real time. Here, we provide a short overview of the emerging use of collecting X-ray diffraction data directly from the crystallization experiment. These in situ experiments are now routinely available to users at a number of synchrotron MX beamlines. A practical guide to the use of the method on the MX suite of beamlines at Diamond Light Source is given.
Structural Basis for Regulation and Specificity of Fructooligosaccharide Import in Streptococcus Pneumoniae Structure (London, England : 1993). Jan, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 27939783 Streptococcus pneumoniae is dependent on carbohydrate uptake for colonization and pathogenesis, and dedicates over a third of its transport systems to their uptake. The ability of the pneumococcus to utilize fructooligosaccharides (FOSs) is attributed to the presence of one of two types of FOS ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Strains encoding SfuABC are only able to utilize short-chain FOSs, while strains encoding FusABC can utilize both short- and long-chain FOSs. The crystal structures of the substrate-binding protein FusA in its open and closed conformations bound to FOSs, and solution scattering data of SfuA, delineate the structural basis for import of short- and long-chain FOSs. The structure of FusA identifies an EF hand-like calcium-binding motif. This is shown to be essential for translocation of FOSs in FusABC and forms the basis for the definition of a new class of substrate-binding proteins that regulate substrate translocation by calcium.
Structural Characterization of the Streptococcus Pneumoniae Carbohydrate Substrate-binding Protein SP0092 Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications. Jan, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28045395 Streptococcus pneumoniae is an opportunistic respiratory pathogen that remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally, with infants and the elderly at the highest risk. S. pneumoniae relies entirely on carbohydrates as a source of carbon and dedicates a third of all uptake systems to carbohydrate import. The structure of the carbohydrate-free substrate-binding protein SP0092 at 1.61 Å resolution reveals it to belong to the newly proposed subclass G of substrate-binding proteins, with a ligand-binding pocket that is large enough to accommodate complex oligosaccharides. SP0092 is a dimer in solution and the crystal structure reveals a domain-swapped dimer with the monomer subunits in a closed conformation but in the absence of carbohydrate ligand. This closed conformation may be induced by dimer formation and could be used as a mechanism to regulate carbohydrate uptake.