Articles by Soňa Legartová in JoVE
Advanced Confocal Microscopy Techniques to Study Protein-protein Interactions and Kinetics at DNA Lesions Soňa Legartová*1, Jana Suchánková*1, Jana Krejčí1, Alena Kovaříková1, Eva Bártová1 1Institute of Biophysics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Laser microirradiation is a useful tool for studies of DNA repair in living cells. A methodological approach for the use of UVA lasers to induce various DNA lesions is shown. We have optimized a method for local microirradiation that maintains the normal cell cycle; thus, irradiated cells proceed through mitosis.
Other articles by Soňa Legartová on PubMed
Function of Heterochromatin Protein 1 During DNA Repair Protoplasma. | Pubmed ID: 28236007 This review focuses on the function of heterochromatin protein HP1 in response to DNA damage. We specifically outline the regulatory mechanisms in which HP1 and its interacting partners are involved. HP1 protein subtypes (HP1α, HP1β, and HP1γ) are the main components of constitutive heterochromatin, and HP1α and HP1β in particular are responsible for heterochromatin maintenance. The recruitment of these proteins to DNA lesions is also important from the perspective of proper DNA repair mechanisms. For example, HP1α is necessary for the binding of the main DNA damage-related protein 53BP1 at DNA repair foci, which are positive not only for the HP1α protein but also for the RAD51 protein, a component of DNA repair machinery. The HP1β protein also appears in monomeric form in DNA lesions together with the evolutionarily well-conserved protein called proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The role of HP1 in DNA lesions is also mediated via the Kap1 transcription repressor. Taken together, these results indicate that the function of HP1 after DNA injury depends strongly on the kinetics of other DNA repair-related factors and their post-translational modifications, such as the phosphorylation of Kap-1.
HDAC1 and HDAC3 Underlie Dynamic H3K9 Acetylation During Embryonic Neurogenesis and in Schizophrenia-like Animals Journal of Cellular Physiology. | Pubmed ID: 28300292 Although histone acetylation is one of the most widely studied epigenetic modifications, there is still a lack of information regarding how the acetylome is regulated during brain development and pathophysiological processes. We demonstrate that the embryonic brain (E15) is characterized by an increase in H3K9 acetylation as well as decreases in the levels of HDAC1 and HDAC3. Moreover, experimental induction of H3K9 hyperacetylation led to the overexpression of NCAM in the embryonic cortex and depletion of Sox2 in the subventricular ependyma, which mimicked the differentiation processes. Inducing differentiation in HDAC1-deficient mouse ESCs resulted in early H3K9 deacetylation, Sox2 downregulation, and enhanced astrogliogenesis, whereas neuro-differentiation was almost suppressed. Neuro-differentiation of (wt) ESCs was characterized by H3K9 hyperacetylation that was associated with HDAC1 and HDAC3 depletion. Conversely, the hippocampi of schizophrenia-like animals showed H3K9 deacetylation that was regulated by an increase in both HDAC1 and HDAC3. The hippocampi of schizophrenia-like brains that were treated with the cannabinoid receptor-1 inverse antagonist AM251 expressed H3K9ac at the level observed in normal brains. Together, the results indicate that co-regulation of H3K9ac by HDAC1 and HDAC3 is important to both embryonic brain development and neuro-differentiation as well as the pathophysiology of a schizophrenia-like phenotype.
Neural Differentiation in HDAC1-Depleted Cells Is Accompanied by Coilin Downregulation and the Accumulation of Cajal Bodies in Nucleoli Stem Cells International. | Pubmed ID: 28337219 Cajal bodies (CBs) are important compartments containing accumulated proteins that preferentially regulate RNA-related nuclear events, including splicing. Here, we studied the nuclear distribution pattern of CBs in neurogenesis. In adult brains, coilin was present at a high density, but CB formation was absent in the nuclei of the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles. Cells of the adult hippocampus were characterized by a crescent-like morphology of coilin protein. We additionally observed a 70 kDa splice variant of coilin in adult mouse brains, which was different to embryonic brains and mouse pluripotent embryonic stem cells (mESCs), characterized by the 80 kDa standard variant of coilin. Here, we also showed that depletion of coilin is induced during neural differentiation and HDAC1 deficiency in mESCs caused coilin accumulation inside the fibrillarin-positive region of the nucleoli. A similar distribution pattern was observed in adult brain hippocampi, characterized by lower levels of both coilin and HDAC1. In summary, we observed that neural differentiation and HDAC1 deficiency lead to coilin depletion and coilin accumulation in body-like structures inside the nucleoli.