Articles by Sophie Espenel in JoVE
Evaluation of the Cell Invasion and Migration Process: A Comparison of the Video Microscope-based Scratch Wound Assay and the Boyden Chamber Assay Jean-Baptiste Guy*1,2, Sophie Espenel*1,2, Alexis Vallard1,2, Priscillia Battiston-Montagne1, Anne-Sophie Wozny1,3, Dominique Ardail1,3, Gersende Alphonse1,3, Chloé Rancoule1,2, Claire Rodriguez-Lafrasse1,3, Nicolas Magne1,2 1UMR CNRS 5822 /IN2P3, IPNL, PRISME, Laboratoire de Radiobiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire, Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Sud, Université Lyon 1, 2Département de Radiothérapie, Institut de Cancérologie de la Loire - Lucien Neuwirth, 3Hospices Civils de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud This study reports two different methods for the analysis of cell invasion and migration: the Boyden chamber assay and the in vitro video microscope-based wound-healing assay. The protocols for these two experiments are described, and their benefits and disadvantages are compared.
Other articles by Sophie Espenel on PubMed
Preclinical Models in HNSCC: A Comprehensive Review Oral Oncology. | Pubmed ID: 28109468 Head and neck cancer remains a significant public health concern. About 60% of patients die within 5years due to local recurrence. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines are important preclinical models in the search for new therapies against this disease. Furthermore, there is a need to test novel drugs before introduction into clinical practice. A preclinical model that closely resembles the in vivo situation would be highly valuable. In the last few decades, a multicellular spheroid model has gained attention as its behavior was comparable to in vivo tumors. Basic research is necessary to achieve an understanding of the normal and pathological state but cannot, in itself, provide sufficient information for clinical applications. Indeed, animal models are an inevitable prelude to assess the efficacy of new therapeutic approaches in HNSCC. The present review proposes an overview of HNSCC pre-clinical models in order to further understand the oncogenic properties for HNSCC and translate these findings into clinic for patients.
Dual "mAb" HER Family Blockade in Head and Neck Cancer Human Cell Lines Combined with Photon Therapy Scientific Reports. | Pubmed ID: 28939847 Head and neck cancer stem cells (CSCs) are highly resistant to treatment. When EGFR is overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), HER2 and HER3 are also expressed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of HER1/2/3 blockade through a combination of cetuximab and pertuzumab, with or without photon irradiation, on the proliferation and migration/invasion capabilities of an HNSCC chemo- and radioresistant human cell line (SQ20B) and its corresponding stem cell subpopulation. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were studied after treatment with cetuximab +/- pertuzumab +/- 10 Gy photon irradiation. EGFR, phospho-EGFR, HER2 and HER3 protein expression levels were studied. Activation or inhibition of the RAS/MAPK and AKT-mTOR downstream signalling cascades was investigated through phospho-AKT and phospho-MEK1/2 expression. Cetuximab strongly inhibited SQ20B and FaDu cell proliferation, migration and invasion, whereas it had little effect on SQ20B-CSCs. Cetuximab-pertuzumab combined with radiation significantly inhibited SQ20B and FaDu cell and SQ20B-CSC proliferation, migration and invasion. Cetuximab-pertuzumab with 10 Gy photon irradiation switched off both phospho-AKT and phospho-MEK1/2 expression in the three populations. The triple therapy is therefore thought to inhibit SQ20B cells, SQ20B-CSCs and FaDu cells through an AKT-mTOR and Ras-MAPK downstream signalling blockade.