Articles by Suryanarayana Pothula in JoVE
Rapid Point-of-Care Assay of Enoxaparin Anticoagulant Efficacy in Whole Blood Mario A. Inchiosa Jr.1,2, Suryanarayana Pothula2, Keshar Kubal1,2, Vajubhai T. Sanchala2, Iris Navarro2 1Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, 2Department of Anesthesiology, New York Medical College Demonstration of a rapid quantitative assay of the inhibition of blood coagulation by the low-molecular-weight-heparin, enoxaparin. The contribution of enoxaparin is assessed by removing its influence through digestion with heparinase. A fuller description of the assay is detailed in our published paper.1 The assay still requires clinical confirmation.
Other articles by Suryanarayana Pothula on PubMed
The Effect of Preoperative Antiplatelet/anticoagulant Prophylaxis on Postoperative Blood Loss in Cardiac Surgery Anesthesia and Analgesia. Jan, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 14693573 In this study we sought to determine whether preoperative treatment with antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant drugs influences postoperative blood loss after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Although prophylactic treatment to prevent ischemic events preoperatively is often necessary, the treatment frequently continues until there may be a risk of increased bleeding (i.e., within 5-7 days before surgery). With patient consent, a preincision blood sample was collected prospectively from 93 adult subjects who presented randomly. They consisted of 3 groups regarding their primary preoperative regimen: 1) no preoperative treatment within the week before surgery; 2) platelet adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonist; 3) ADP receptor antagonist plus IV heparin. Postoperative chest tube drainage (24 h) in the group that received ADP antagonist alone was more (P < 0.05) than either of the other groups: 503 +/- 56; 633 +/- 55; 439 +/- 29 mL (mean +/- SEM) for Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Combined treatment with ADP antagonist plus heparin infusion appeared to prevent the increased blood loss with the ADP antagonist alone. Preincision and postoperative plasma fibrinogen concentrations were largest (P < 0.05) in the group that received the combination treatment; mean +/- SEM for groups 1, 2, and 3 preincision, 311 +/- 17, 366 +/- 16, and 423 +/- 18 mg/dL, and postoperatively, 229 +/- 16, 267 +/- 13, and 312 +/- 16 mg/dL. Postoperative fibrinogen showed strong dependence on preoperative fibrinogen in all groups (r = 0.576 to 0.825; P = 0.01 to 10(-6)). Prevention of the increased blood loss in the ADP receptor antagonist group by the addition of a heparin infusion may have been attributable to a conservation of coagulation factors, as evidenced by the increased plasma fibrinogen concentrations with combined prophylactic treatment. IMPLICATIONS: The objective of this study was to determine whether preoperative treatment with antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant drugs influences the extent of blood loss in the 24-h period after cardiac surgery.
Toward Development of a Point-of-care Assay of Enoxaparin Anticoagulant Activity in Whole Blood Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. Jul, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21213019 There is need for a rapid assay to determine the efficacy of low-molecular-weight-heparin (LMWH) in whole blood. Heparinase was used to eliminate, and thereby quantify, the anticoagulant activity of the low-molecular-weight-heparin, enoxaparin. The percent change in the clotting time of whole blood in the presence of heparinase yielded the anticoagulant contribution of enoxaparin. A minimally activated assay (MAA) of whole blood clotting time was evaluated for the detection and relative quantification of enoxaparin. The assay cartridge consisted of a plain glass tube and detection magnet, with no additional sources of activation. Comparisons were also made with a point-of-care, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) assay. Plasma or whole blood was spiked with enoxaparin at concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 1.0 anti-factor Xa IU/ml. A commercial preparation of heparinase I was used to digest enoxaparin, and clotting times were determined with and without heparinase incubation. Heparinase digestion caused an average shortening of clotting time of 21.1% (47.3 s) in blood spiked with 0.4 anti-Xa IU/ml enoxaparin, an amount expected in the therapeutic range; also, 0.1 anti-Xa IU/ml of enoxaparin could be reliably detected. The assay performed comparably when transferred to a point-of-care setting with heparinase being added directly to citrated blood collection tubes, followed by either MAA or aPTT assay. Strong correlations were obtained with both assays between the percent change in clotting time (after heparinase) and the added concentration of enoxaparin, or in comparison with the chromogenically measured concentration of enoxaparin. The assays for an individual blood sample can be completed within 10 min.