Other Publications (1)
Articles by Thomas Pitcher in JoVE
The Monoiodoacetate Model of Osteoarthritis Pain in the Mouse Thomas Pitcher1, João Sousa-Valente1, Marzia Malcangio1 1Wolfson Centre for Age Related Diseases, King's College London Osteoarthritis (OA), or degenerative joint disease, is a debilitating condition associated with pain that remains only partially controlled by available analgesics. Animal models are being developed to improve our understanding of OA-related pain mechanisms. Here we describe the methodology for the monoiodoacetate model of OA pain in the mouse.
Other articles by Thomas Pitcher on PubMed
Role of Extracellular Calcitonin Gene-related Peptide in Spinal Cord Mechanisms of Cancer-induced Bone Pain Pain. Mar, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26574822 Severe pain is a common and debilitating complication of metastatic bone cancer. Current analgesics provide insufficient pain relief and often lead to significant adverse effects. In models of cancer-induced bone pain, pathological sprouting of sensory fibers at the tumor-bone interface occurs concomitantly with reactive astrocytosis in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. We observed that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-fiber sprouting in the bone was associated with an increase in CGRP content in sensory neuron cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and increased basal and activity-evoked release of CGRP from their central terminals in the dorsal horn. Intrathecal administration of a peptide antagonist (α-CGRP8-37) attenuated referred allodynia in the hind paw ipsilateral to bone cancer. CGRP receptor components (CLR and RAMP1) were up-regulated in dorsal horn neurons and expressed by reactive astrocytes. In primary cultures of astrocytes, CGRP incubation led to a concentration-dependent increase of forskolin-induced cAMP production, which was attenuated by pretreatment with CGRP8-37. Furthermore, CGRP induced ATP release in astrocytes, which was inhibited by CGRP8-37. We suggest that the peripheral increase in CGRP content observed in cancer-induced bone pain is mirrored by a central increase in the extracellular levels of CGRP. This increase in CGRP not only may facilitate glutamate-driven neuronal nociceptive signaling but also act on astrocytic CGRP receptors and lead to release of ATP.