Articles by Trevor Leonardo in JoVE
Teratoom Generation in de testis Capsule Suzanne E. Peterson1, Ha T. Tran1, Ibon Garitaonandia1, Sangyoon Han1, Kyle S. Nickey1, Trevor Leonardo2, Louise C. Laurent3, Jeanne F. Loring1 1Department of Chemical Physiology, Scripps Research Institute, 2Department of Chemical Physiology, Scripps Research Institute, 3Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California Menselijke pluripotente stamcellen (hPSCs) hebben het potentieel om een groot aantal verschillende ziekten te behandelen. Het nut van deze cellen gelegen in het feit dat ze differentiëren naar elk celtype in het lichaam. Hier beschrijven teratoma assay, welke wordt gebruikt om de pluripotence van hPSCs tonen.
Other articles by Trevor Leonardo on PubMed
Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Highly Endangered Species Nature Methods. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21892153 For some highly endangered species there are too few reproductively capable animals to maintain adequate genetic diversity, and extraordinary measures are necessary to prevent extinction. We report generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from two endangered species: a primate, the drill, Mandrillus leucophaeus and the nearly extinct northern white rhinoceros, Ceratotherium simum cottoni. iPSCs may eventually facilitate reintroduction of genetic material into breeding populations.
Specific Lectin Biomarkers for Isolation of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells Identified Through Array-based Glycomic Analysis Cell Research. Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21894191 Rapid and dependable methods for isolating human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) populations are urgently needed for quality control in basic research and in cell-based therapy applications. Using lectin arrays, we analyzed glycoproteins extracted from 26 hPSC samples and 22 differentiated cell samples, and identified a small group of lectins with distinctive binding signatures that were sufficient to distinguish hPSCs from a variety of non-pluripotent cell types. These specific biomarkers were shared by all the 12 human embryonic stem cell and the 14 human induced pluripotent stem cell samples examined, regardless of the laboratory of origin, the culture conditions, the somatic cell type reprogrammed, or the reprogramming method used. We demonstrated a practical application of specific lectin binding by detecting hPSCs within a differentiated cell population with lectin-mediated staining followed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry, and by enriching and purging viable hPSCs from mixed cell populations using lectin-mediated cell separation. Global gene expression analysis showed pluripotency-associated differential expression of specific fucosyltransferases and sialyltransferases, which may underlie these differences in protein glycosylation and lectin binding. Taken together, our results show that protein glycosylation differs considerably between pluripotent and non-pluripotent cells, and demonstrate that lectins may be used as biomarkers to monitor pluripotency in stem cell populations and for removal of viable hPSCs from mixed cell populations.