Articles by Valentina Goncharova in JoVE
A Novel Three-dimensional Flow Chamber Device to Study Chemokine-directed Extravasation of Cells Circulating under Physiological Flow Conditions Valentina Goncharova1, Sophia K. Khaldoyanidi1,2 1Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies, 2Cascade LifeSciences Inc. The three-dimensional flow chamber device is a novel in vitro technology for the quantitative and step-wise evaluation of the extravasation cascade of cells circulating under conditions of physiological shear stress. The device therefore fills a critical need for basic, preclinical, and clinical studies of cell migration.
Other articles by Valentina Goncharova on PubMed
Hyaluronan Inhibits Postchemotherapy Tumor Regrowth in a Colon Carcinoma Xenograft Model Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. Nov, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20833754 Bone marrow hypoplasia and pancytopenia are among the most undesirable sequelae of chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer. We recently showed that hyaluronan (HA) facilitates hematopoietic recovery in tumor-free animals receiving chemotherapeutic agents. However, following a chemotherapeutic regimen in tumor-bearing animals, it is possible that residual tumor cells might respond to systemic injections of HA. Thus, in this study, we investigated the effect of HA on the regrowth of residual tumor cells following chemotherapy. As a model, we used the HCT-8 human colon carcinoma cell line, which expresses the HA receptor CD44, binds exogenous HA, and is susceptible to a chemotherapy protocol containing irinotecan and 5-fluorouracil in a human/mouse xenograft model. HCT-8 cells were implanted in severe combined immunodeficient mice, followed by irinotecan/5-fluorouracil treatment. After three rounds of chemotherapy, residual tumors were allowed to regrow in the presence or absence of HA. The dynamics of tumor regrowth in the group treated with HA was slower compared with the control group. By week 5 after tumor implantation, the difference in the size of regrown tumors was statistically significant and correlated with lower proliferation and higher apoptosis in HA-treated tumors as compared with controls. This finding provides evidence that HA treatment does not stimulate but delays the growth of residual cancer cells, which is an important parameter in establishing whether the use of HA can enhance current chemotherapeutic strategies.
Hyaluronan Expressed by the Hematopoietic Microenvironment is Required for Bone Marrow Hematopoiesis The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Jul, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22654110 The contribution of hyaluronan (HA) to the regulatory network of the hematopoietic microenvironment was studied using knock-out mice of three hyaluronan synthase genes (Has1, Has2, and Has3). The number of hematopoietic progenitors was decreased in bone marrow and increased in extramedullary sites of Prx1-Cre;Has2(flox/flox);Has1(-/-);Has3(-/-) triple knock-out (tKO) mice as compared with wild type (WT) and Has1(-/-);Has3(-/-) double knock-out (dKO) mice. In line with this observation, decreased hematopoietic activity was observed in long term bone marrow cultures (LTBMC) from tKO mice, whereas the formation of the adherent layer and generation of hematopoietic cells in WT and dKO cultures was not different. 4-Methylumbelliferone (4MU) was used to pharmacologically inhibit the production of HA in LTBMC. Treatment with 4MU inhibited HA synthesis, decreased expression of HAS2 and HAS3, and eliminated hematopoiesis in LTBMC, and this effect was alleviated by the addition of exogenous HA. Exogenous HA also augmented the cell motility in LTBMC, which correlated with the HA-stimulated production of chemokines and growth factors. Conditioned media from HA-induced LTBMC enhanced the chemotaxis of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) in response to SDF-1. Exposure of endothelial cells to 4MU decreased their ability to support HSPC rolling and adhesion. In addition, migration of transplanted HSPC into the marrow of 4MU-pretreated mice was lower than in untreated mice. Collectively, the results suggest that HA depletion reduces the ability of the microenvironment to support HSPC, and confirm a role for HA as a necessary regulatory element in the structure of the hematopoietic microenvironment.