Articles by Vladimir V. Senyukov in JoVE
Expansion, Purification, and Functional Assessment of Human Peripheral Blood NK Cells Srinivas S. Somanchi1, Vladimir V. Senyukov1, Cecele J. Denman1, Dean A. Lee1 1Division of Pediatrics, MD Anderson Cancer Center - University of Texas Here we describe a method to efficiently expand and purify large numbers of human NK cells and assess their function.
Other articles by Vladimir V. Senyukov on PubMed
Erythroid Cells in Immunoregulation: Characterization of a Novel Suppressor Factor Immunology Letters. May, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15158614 Nucleated erythroid cells (EC) have been previously reported to possess a potent natural suppressor (NS) activity for B-cell responses. In this study, we demonstrate that murine EC are able to reduce not only lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-driven B-cell proliferation, but also proliferative and cytotoxic T-cell responses generated in a primary allogeneic mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC); and that a soluble low molecular weight factor may be involved in such EC-derived immunoregulation. In addition, the erythroid cell-derived suppressor factor (ESF) was found to be capable of effectively reducing the allergen-driven proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from allergic patients. From the data presented herein, it appears that ESF is heat-stable (80 degrees C for 20 min) and has molecular weight (MW) lower or close to 0.5 kDa. ESF activity is resistant to both enzyme (trypsin plus chymotrypsin) proteolysis and action of the enzymes such as lipase and phospholipase C. On the other hand, ESF is effectively inactivated by neuraminidase treatment, suggesting the presence in its structure of sialic residue(s). The neuraminidase-sensitive, ESF-like activity is readily detected in the medium conditioned with normal mouse bone marrow (BM) cells. On fractionation of low MW erythroid products on a reversed-phase C16 column in a linear acetonitrile gradient (5-95%), ESF activity is detected in the first peak alone with the shortest time of its retention by the column. The results suggest that (1) by producing ESF, EC may regulate both B- and T-cell-mediated immune processes and (2) based on its physicochemical and biological characteristics, ESF can be distinguished from each of earlier characterised suppressor mediators of bone marrow origin.
Membrane-Bound IL-21 Promotes Sustained Ex Vivo Proliferation of Human Natural Killer Cells PloS One. 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22279576 NK cells have therapeutic potential for a wide variety of human malignancies. However, because NK cells expand poorly in vitro, have limited life spans in vivo, and represent a small fraction of peripheral white blood cells, obtaining sufficient cell numbers is the major obstacle for NK-cell immunotherapy. Genetically-engineered artificial antigen-presenting cells (aAPCs) expressing membrane-bound IL-15 (mbIL15) have been used to propagate clinical-grade NK cells for human trials of adoptive immunotherapy, but ex vivo proliferation has been limited by telomere shortening. We developed K562-based aAPCs with membrane-bound IL-21 (mbIL21) and assessed their ability to support human NK-cell proliferation. In contrast to mbIL15, mbIL21-expressing aAPCs promoted log-phase NK cell expansion without evidence of senescence for up to 6 weeks of culture. By day 21, parallel expansion of NK cells from 22 donors demonstrated a mean 47,967-fold expansion (median 31,747) when co-cultured with aAPCs expressing mbIL21 compared to 825-fold expansion (median 325) with mbIL15. Despite the significant increase in proliferation, mbIL21-expanded NK cells also showed a significant increase in telomere length compared to freshly obtained NK cells, suggesting a possible mechanism for their sustained proliferation. NK cells expanded with mbIL21 were similar in phenotype and cytotoxicity to those expanded with mbIL15, with retained donor KIR repertoires and high expression of NCRs, CD16, and NKG2D, but had superior cytokine secretion. The mbIL21-expanded NK cells showed increased transcription of the activating receptor CD160, but otherwise had remarkably similar mRNA expression profiles of the 96 genes assessed. mbIL21-expanded NK cells had significant cytotoxicity against all tumor cell lines tested, retained responsiveness to inhibitory KIR ligands, and demonstrated enhanced killing via antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity. Thus, aAPCs expressing mbIL21 promote improved proliferation of human NK cells with longer telomeres and less senescence, supporting their clinical use in propagating NK cells for adoptive immunotherapy.