Articles by Yi-Chen Lien in JoVE
Hybrid-Cut: An Improved Sectioning Method for Recalcitrant Plant Tissue Samples Tien-Kuan Chen*1, Hui-Ting Yang*1, Su-Chiung Fang1, Yi-Chen Lien1, Ting-Ting Yang1, Swee-Suak Ko1 1Academia Sinica Biotechnology Center in Southern Taiwan; Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Academia Sinica This protocol describes a simple Hybrid-Cut tissue sectioning method that is useful for recalcitrant plant tissues. Good quality tissue sections enable anatomical studies and other biological studies including in situ hybridization (ISH).
Other articles by Yi-Chen Lien on PubMed
Involvement of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Activation of MAP Kinases in Beta-lapachone-induced Human Prostate Cancer Cell Apoptosis Histology and Histopathology. Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18785111 Beta-lapachone, an o-naphthoquinone, induces various carcinoma cells to undergo apoptosis, but the mechanism is poorly understood. In the present study, we found that the beta-lapachone-induced apoptosis of DU145 human prostate carcinoma cells was associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, as shown by increased intracellular calcium levels and induction of GRP-78 and GADD-153 proteins, suggesting that the endoplasmic reticulum is a target of beta-lapachone. Beta-Lapachone-induced DU145 cell apoptosis was dose-dependent and accompanied by cleavage of procaspase-12 and phosphorylation of p38, ERK, and JNK, followed by activation of the executioner caspases, caspase-7 and calpain. However, pretreatment with the general caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-FMK, or calpain inhibitors, including ALLM or ALLN, failed to prevent beta-lapachone-induced apoptotic cell death. Blocking the enzyme activity of NQO1 with dicoumarol, a known NQO1 inhibitor, or preventing an increase in intracellular calcium levels using BAPTA-AM, an intracellular calcium chelator, substantially inhibited MAPK phosphorylation, abolished the activation of calpain, caspase-12 and caspase-7, and provided significant protection of beta-lapachone-treated cells. These findings show that beta-lapachone-induced ER stress and MAP kinase phosphorylation is a novel signaling pathway underlying the molecular mechanism of the anticancer effect of beta-lapachone.
Genome-wide Annotation, Expression Profiling, and Protein Interaction Studies of the Core Cell-cycle Genes in Phalaenopsis Aphrodite Plant Molecular Biology. Jan, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24222213 Orchidaceae is one of the most abundant and diverse families in the plant kingdom and its unique developmental patterns have drawn the attention of many evolutionary biologists. Particular areas of interest have included the co-evolution of pollinators and distinct floral structures, and symbiotic relationships with mycorrhizal flora. However, comprehensive studies to decipher the molecular basis of growth and development in orchids remain scarce. Cell proliferation governed by cell-cycle regulation is fundamental to growth and development of the plant body. We took advantage of recently released transcriptome information to systematically isolate and annotate the core cell-cycle regulators in the moth orchid Phalaenopsis aphrodite. Our data verified that Phalaenopsis cyclin-dependent kinase A (CDKA) is an evolutionarily conserved CDK. Expression profiling studies suggested that core cell-cycle genes functioning during the G1/S, S, and G2/M stages were preferentially enriched in the meristematic tissues that have high proliferation activity. In addition, subcellular localization and pairwise interaction analyses of various combinations of CDKs and cyclins, and of E2 promoter-binding factors and dimerization partners confirmed interactions of the functional units. Furthermore, our data showed that expression of the core cell-cycle genes was coordinately regulated during pollination-induced reproductive development. The data obtained establish a fundamental framework for study of the cell-cycle machinery in Phalaenopsis orchids.
The BHLH142 Transcription Factor Coordinates with TDR1 to Modulate the Expression of EAT1 and Regulate Pollen Development in Rice The Plant Cell. Jun, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24894043 Male sterility plays an important role in F1 hybrid seed production. We identified a male-sterile rice (Oryza sativa) mutant with impaired pollen development and a single T-DNA insertion in the transcription factor gene bHLH142. Knockout mutants of bHLH142 exhibited retarded meiosis and defects in tapetal programmed cell death. RT-PCR and in situ hybridization analyses showed that bHLH142 is specifically expressed in the anther, in the tapetum, and in meiocytes during early meiosis. Three basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, UDT1 (bHLH164), TDR1 (bHLH5), and EAT1/DTD1 (bHLH141) are known to function in rice pollen development. bHLH142 acts downstream of UDT1 and GAMYB but upstream of TDR1 and EAT1 in pollen development. In vivo and in vitro assays demonstrated that bHLH142 and TDR1 proteins interact. Transient promoter assays demonstrated that regulation of the EAT1 promoter requires bHLH142 and TDR1. Consistent with these results, 3D protein structure modeling predicted that bHLH142 and TDR1 form a heterodimer to bind to the EAT1 promoter. EAT1 positively regulates the expression of AP37 and AP25, which induce tapetal programmed cell death. Thus, in this study, we identified bHLH142 as having a pivotal role in tapetal programmed cell death and pollen development.