In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (9)
- The European Journal of Neuroscience
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
- PloS One
- Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
- Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System : JRAAS
- PloS One
- Frontiers in Immunology
- Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
- The Science of the Total Environment
Articles by Yifei Dong in JoVE
Other articles by Yifei Dong on PubMed
Insulin in the Ventral Tegmental Area Reduces Hedonic Feeding and Suppresses Dopamine Concentration Via Increased Reuptake The European Journal of Neuroscience. Aug, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22712725 Mesolimbic dopamine (DA) signaling has been implicated in the incentive, reinforcing and motivational aspects of food intake. Insulin receptors are expressed on dopaminergic neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA), and insulin may act in the VTA to suppress feeding. However, the neural mechanisms underlying insulin effects in the VTA are poorly understood. Here, we measured the effects of insulin on evoked DA concentration in the VTA using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry. Insulin concentration-dependently reduced evoked somatodendritic DA in the VTA, requiring activation of phosphoinositol 3-kinase and mTOR signaling. Insulin depression of somatodendritic DA was abolished in the presence of a selective DA transporter (DAT) inhibitor, GBR 12909, as well as in VTA slices of DAT knockout mice, suggesting that insulin upregulated the number or function of DAT to reduce DA concentration. Finally, insulin administered to the VTA depressed sated feeding of sweetened high-fat food. Taken together, these results indicate that insulin depresses DA concentration in the VTA via increased reuptake of DA through DAT. Insulin-mediated decrease of DA in the VTA may suppress salience of food once satiety is reached.
Glutathione-dependent and -independent Oxidative Stress-control Mechanisms Distinguish Normal Human Mammary Epithelial Cell Subsets Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. May, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24821780 Mechanisms that control the levels and activities of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in normal human mammary cells are poorly understood. We show that purified normal human basal mammary epithelial cells maintain low levels of ROS primarily by a glutathione-dependent but inefficient antioxidant mechanism that uses mitochondrial glutathione peroxidase 2. In contrast, the matching purified luminal progenitor cells contain higher levels of ROS, multiple glutathione-independent antioxidants and oxidative nucleotide damage-controlling proteins and consume O2 at a higher rate. The luminal progenitor cells are more resistant to glutathione depletion than the basal cells, including those with in vivo and in vitro proliferation and differentiation activity. The luminal progenitors also are more resistant to H2O2 or ionizing radiation. Importantly, even freshly isolated "steady-state" normal luminal progenitors show elevated levels of unrepaired oxidative DNA damage. Distinct ROS control mechanisms operating in different subsets of normal human mammary cells could have differentiation state-specific functions and long-term consequences.
Disruption of the Thyroid System by the Thyroid-disrupting Compound Aroclor 1254 in Juvenile Japanese Flounder (Paralichthys Olivaceus) PloS One. 2014 | Pubmed ID: 25090620 Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a group of persistent organochlorine compounds that have the potential to disrupt the homeostasis of thyroid hormones (THs) in fish, particularly juveniles. In this study, thyroid histology, plasma TH levels, and iodothyronine deiodinase (IDs, including ID1, ID2, and ID3) gene expression patterns were examined in juvenile Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) following 25- and 50-day waterborne exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of a commercial PCB mixture, Aroclor 1254 (10, 100, and 1000 ng/L) with two-thirds of the test solutions renewed daily. The results showed that exposure to Aroclor 1254 for 50 d increased follicular cell height, colloid depletion, and hyperplasia. In particular, hypothyroidism, which was induced by the administration of 1000 ng/L Aroclor 1254, significantly decreased plasma TT4, TT3, and FT3 levels. Profiles of the changes in mRNA expression levels of IDs were observed in the liver and kidney after 25 and 50 d PCB exposure, which might be associated with a reduction in plasma THs levels. The expression level of ID2 mRNA in the liver exhibited a dose-dependent increase, indicating that this ID isotype might serve as sensitive and stable indicator for thyroid-disrupting chemical (TDC) exposure. Overall, our study confirmed that environmentally relevant concentrations of Aroclor 1254 cause significant thyroid disruption, with juvenile Japanese flounder being suitable candidates for use in TDC studies.
Increased Circulatory RAS Activity Can Be Inhibited by Statins in Patients with Hypercholesterolemia Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System : JRAAS. Mar, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 23539660 The objective of this paper is to investigate a profile on circulatory renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity in hypercholesterolemic (HC) patients treated with statins.
Gender Differences in the Risk Factors for Endothelial Dysfunction in Chinese Hypertensive Patients: Homocysteine is an Independent Risk Factor in Females PloS One. 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25692574 Endothelial dysfunction plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. However, the gender-related differences in risk factors for endothelial dysfunction are controversial. We investigated the gender differences in the risk factor profiles for endothelial dysfunction in Chinese hypertensive patients.
The Where, When, How, and Why of Hyaluronan Binding by Immune Cells Frontiers in Immunology. 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25926830 Hyaluronan is made and extruded from cells to form a pericellular or extracellular matrix (ECM) and is present in virtually all tissues in the body. The size and form of hyaluronan present in tissues are indicative of a healthy or inflamed tissue, and the interactions of hyaluronan with immune cells can influence their response. Thus, in order to understand how inflammation is regulated, it is necessary to understand these interactions and their consequences. Although there is a large turnover of hyaluronan in our bodies, the large molecular mass form of hyaluronan predominates in healthy tissues. Upon tissue damage and/or infection, the ECM and hyaluronan are broken down and an inflammatory response ensues. As inflammation is resolved, the ECM is restored, and high molecular mass hyaluronan predominates again. Immune cells encounter hyaluronan in the tissues and lymphoid organs and respond differently to high and low molecular mass forms. Immune cells differ in their ability to bind hyaluronan and this can vary with the cell type and their activation state. For example, peritoneal macrophages do not bind soluble hyaluronan but can be induced to bind after exposure to inflammatory stimuli. Likewise, naïve T cells, which typically express low levels of the hyaluronan receptor, CD44, do not bind hyaluronan until they undergo antigen-stimulated T cell proliferation and upregulate CD44. Despite substantial knowledge of where and when immune cells bind hyaluronan, why immune cells bind hyaluronan remains a major outstanding question. Here, we review what is currently known about the interactions of hyaluronan with immune cells in both healthy and inflamed tissues and discuss how hyaluronan binding by immune cells influences the inflammatory response.
Hyaluronan Binding Identifies a Functionally Distinct Alveolar Macrophage-like Population in Bone Marrow-Derived Dendritic Cell Cultures Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). Jul, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26085682 Although classical dendritic cells (DCs) arise from distinct progenitors in the bone marrow, the origin of inflammatory DCs and the distinction between monocyte-derived DCs and macrophages is less clear. In vitro culture of mouse bone marrow cells with GM-CSF is a well-established method to generate DCs, but GM-CSF has also been used to generate bone marrow-derived macrophages. In this article, we identify a distinct subpopulation of cells within the GM-CSF bone marrow-derived DC culture based on their ability to bind hyaluronan (HA), a major component of the extracellular matrix and ligand for CD44. HA identified a morphologically distinct subpopulation of cells within the immature DC population (CD11c(+) MHC II(mid/low)) that were CCR5(+)/CCR7(-) and proliferated in response to GM-CSF, but, unlike immature DCs, did not develop into mature DCs expressing CCR7 and high levels of MHC II, even after stimulation with LPS. The majority of these cells produced TNF-α in response to LPS but were unable to activate naive T cells, whereas the majority of mature DCs produced IL-12 and activated naive T cells. This HA binding population shared many characteristics with alveolar macrophages and was retained in the alveolar space after lung instillation even after LPS stimulation, whereas the MHC II(high) mature DCs were found in the draining lymph node. Thus, HA binding in combination with MHC II expression can be used to identify alveolar-like macrophages from GM-CSF-treated bone marrow cultures, which provides a useful in vitro model to study alveolar macrophages.
Thyroid Disruption in Male Goldfish (Carassius Auratus) Exposed to Leachate from a Municipal Waste Treatment Plant: Assessment Combining Chemical Analysis and in Vivo Bioassay The Science of the Total Environment. Jun, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26950620 Several classes of thyroid-disrupting chemicals (TDCs) have been found in refuse leachate, but the potential impacts of leachate on the thyroid cascade of aquatic organisms are yet not known. In this study, we chemically analyzed frequently reported TDCs, as well as conducted a bioassay, to evaluate the potential thyroid-disrupting effects of leachate. We used radioimmunoassay to determine the effects of leachate exposure on plasma 3,3',5-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3), 3,3',5,5'-l-thyroxine (T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in adult male goldfish (Carassius auratus). We also investigated the impacts of leachate treatment on hepatic and gonadal deiodinases [types I (D1), II (D2), and III (D3)] and gonadal thyroid receptor (TRα-1 and TRβ) mRNA expressions by using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results indicated the presence of five TDCs (bisphenol A, 4-t-octylphenol, di-n-butyl phthalate, di-n-octyl phthalate, and diethylhexyl phthalate); their mean concentrations in the leachate were 18.11, 2.76, 4.86, 0.21, and 9.16μg/L, respectively. Leachate exposure induced plasma T3 and TSH levels in male fish, without influencing the plasma T4 levels. The highly elevated D2 mRNA levels in the liver were speculated to be the primary reason for the induction of plasma T3 levels. Disruption of thyroid functions by leachate was also suggested by the up-regulation of D1 and D2 as well as TRα-1 mRNA levels in the gonads. Prominent thyroid disruptions despite the very low TDC concentrations in the exposure media used in the bioassay strongly indicated the existence of unidentified TDCs in the leachate. Our study indicated the necessity of conducting in vivo bioassays to detect thyroid dysfunctions caused by leachate.