In JoVE (1)
Articles by Yu-Ying Liu in JoVE
Canalostomy As a Surgical Approach to Local Drug Delivery into the Inner Ears of Adult and Neonatal Mice Jing-Ying Guo1, Lu He1, Teng-Fei Qu1, Yu-Ying Liu2, Ke Liu1, Guo-Peng Wang1, Shu-Sheng Gong1 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, 2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Here we describe canalostomy procedure which allows local drug delivery into the inner ears of adult and neonatal mice through the semicircular canal with minimum damage to hearing and vestibular function. This method can be used to inoculate viral vectors, pharmaceuticals, and small molecules into the mouse inner ear.
Other articles by Yu-Ying Liu on PubMed
E2F1-CDK1 Pathway Activation in Kanamycin-induced Spiral Ganglion Cell Apoptosis and the Protective Effect of CR8 Neuroscience Letters. | Pubmed ID: 26905670 Cochlear hair cell loss results in the secondary loss of spiral ganglion cells (SGCs). The death of these SGCs is due to apoptosis. The E2F1-cyclin dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) pathway is believed to represent an important mechanism of neuronal cell death. However, the role of this pathway in spiral ganglion neuronal apoptosis has not yet been reported. In this study, we deafened guinea pigs with a subcutaneous injection of kanamycin followed by an intravenous infusion of furosemide and then assayed the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3, E2F1, CDK1 and cleaved caspase-9 during the induced SGC apoptosis. Our results revealed that co-administration of kanamycin and furosemide rapidly induced hair cell loss in the guinea pigs and then resulted in a progressive loss of SGCs. Expression levels of E2F1 and CDK1 were obviously up-regulated at 1 and 3 days after deafening. Cleaved caspase-9 also increased robustly 1 or 2 weeks after the deafening procedure. The up-regulation of E2F1, CDK1 and cleaved caspase-9 was significantly attenuated by the systemic injection of CR8 (1mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally) starting at 5min after deafening. These findings indicate that the activation of the E2F1-CDK1 pathway and cell cycle re-entry contributes to the apoptosis of SGCs and that the selective inhibition of this signaling cascade may represent an attractive therapeutic strategy. CR8 has the potential to protect SGCs from apoptosis.
Cochleovestibular Gene Transfer in Neonatal Mice by Canalostomy Neuroreport. | Pubmed ID: 28614181 Impairments of the inner ear result in sensorineural hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction in humans. A large proportion of these disorders are congenital, and involve both auditory and vestibular systems. Therefore, genetic interventions to correct deficits must be administered during early developmental stages. In this study, we evaluated inner ear gene transfer in neonatal mice by canalostomy using an adeno-associated virus serotype 8 (AAV8) vector. AAV8 with the green fluorescence protein (GFP) gene was inoculated into the inner ear of the neonatal mice through the posterior semicircular canal (canalostomy). At 30 days following surgery, animals were subjected to swim tests and auditory brainstem response measurements. Then, the animals were euthanized and temporal bones were harvested for whole-mount preparation. GFP expression and morphological changes in the inner ear were assessed by immunohistochemistry. After surgery, no signs of vestibular dysfunction were found, and there were no significant differences in the auditory brainstem response threshold between AAV8-inoculated ears and nonsurgery ears. In the surgery ears, extensive GFP expression and no morphological lesions were detected in the cochlear and vestibular end organs. Robust GFP expression was found in inner hair cells, marginal cells, vestibular hair cells, and vestibular supporting cells. In conclusion, AAV8 inoculation through canalostomy into the inner ears of neonatal mice led to extensive overexpression of exogenous genes in the inner ear without affecting hearing or vestibular function. It serves as a promising approach for gene therapy of congenital cochleovestibular diseases.