Articles by Yuriana Aguilar-Sanchez in JoVE
Local Field Fluorescence Microscopy: Imaging Cellular Signals in Intact Hearts Yuriana Aguilar-Sanchez*1, Diego Fainstein*2,3, Rafael Mejia-Alvarez4, Ariel L. Escobar5 1School of Natural Sciences, University of California, Merced, 2Centro de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Universidad de la Plata and Conicet, 3Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional de Entre Rios, 4Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 5School of Engineering, University of California, Merced In the heart, molecular events coordinate the electrical and contractile function of the organ. A set of local field fluorescence microscopy techniques presented here enables the recording of cellular variables in intact hearts. Identifying mechanisms defining the cardiac function is critical in understanding how the heart works under pathological situations.
Other articles by Yuriana Aguilar-Sanchez on PubMed
Ca2+ Sparks and Ca2+ Waves Are the Subcellular Events Underlying Ca2+ Overload During Ischemia and Reperfusion in Perfused Intact Hearts Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology. Feb, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25451173 Abnormal intracellular Ca(2+) cycling plays a key role in cardiac dysfunction, particularly during the setting of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). During ischemia, there is an increase in cytosolic and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+). At the onset of reperfusion, there is a transient and abrupt increase in cytosolic Ca(2++), which occurs timely associated with reperfusion arrhythmias. However, little is known about the subcellular dynamics of Ca(2+) increase during I/R, and a possible role of the SR as a mechanism underlying this increase has been previously overlooked. The aim of the present work is to test two main hypotheses: (1) An increase diastolic Ca(2+) sparks frequency (cspf) constitutes a mayor substrate for the ischemia-induced diastolic Ca(2+) increase; (2) an increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) pro-arrhythmogenic events (Ca(2+) waves), mediates the abrupt diastolic Ca(2+) rise at the onset of reperfusion. We used confocal microscopy on mouse intact hearts loaded with Fluo-4. Hearts were submitted to global I/R (12/30 min) to assess epicardial Ca(2+) sparks in the whole heart. Intact heart sparks were faster than in isolated myocytes whereas cspf was not different. During ischemia, cspf significantly increased relative to preischemia (2.07±0.33 vs. 1.13±0.20 sp/s/100 μm, n=29/34, 7 hearts). Reperfusion significantly changed Ca(2+) sparks kinetics, by prolonging Ca(2+) sparks rise time and decreased cspf. However, it significantly increased Ca(2+) wave frequency relative to ischemia (0.71±0.14 vs. 0.38±0.06 w/s/100 μm, n=32/33, 7 hearts). The results show for the first time the assessment of intact perfused heart Ca(2+) sparks and provides direct evidence of increased Ca(2+) sparks in ischemia that transform into Ca(2+) waves during reperfusion. These waves may constitute a main trigger for reperfusion arrhythmias.
Intact Heart Loose Patch Photolysis Reveals Ionic Current Kinetics During Ventricular Action Potentials Circulation Research. Jan, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26565013 Assessing the underlying ionic currents during a triggered action potential (AP) in intact perfused hearts offers the opportunity to link molecular mechanisms with pathophysiological problems in cardiovascular research. The developed loose patch photolysis technique can provide striking new insights into cardiac function at the whole heart level during health and disease.