Articles by Zachary Brown in JoVE
Use of Two Intracorporeal Ventricular Assist Devices As a Total Artificial Heart Muath Bishawi1, Jun-Neng Roan1,2, Jordan Richards1, Zachary Brown1, Laura Blue1, Mani A. Daneshmand1, Jacob N. Schroder1, Dawn E. Bowles3, Carmelo A. Milano1 1Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University, 2Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Cheng Kung University Hospital and College of Medicine, 3Division of Surgical Sciences, Department of Surgery, Duke University Here, we present a protocol using two centrifugal pumps as a total artificial heart replacement.
Other articles by Zachary Brown on PubMed
Insecticide Resistance and Malaria Vector Control: the Importance of Fitness Cost Mechanisms in Determining Economically Optimal Control Trajectories Journal of Economic Entomology. | Pubmed ID: 23448053 The evolutionary dynamics of insecticide resistance in harmful arthropods has economic implications, not only for the control of agricultural pests (as has been well studied), but also for the control of disease vectors, such as malaria-transmitting Anopheles mosquitoes. Previous economic work on insecticide resistance illustrates the policy relevance of knowing whether insecticide resistance mutations involve fitness costs. Using a theoretical model, this article investigates economically optimal strategies for controlling malaria-transmitting mosquitoes when there is the potential for mosquitoes to evolve resistance to insecticides. Consistent with previous literature, we find that fitness costs are a key element in the computation of economically optimal resistance management strategies. Additionally, our models indicate that different biological mechanisms underlying these fitness costs (e.g., increased adult mortality and/or decreased fecundity) can significantly alter economically optimal resistance management strategies.
The Value of Information in Decision-Analytic Modeling for Malaria Vector Control in East Africa Risk Analysis : an Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis. | Pubmed ID: 27008340 Decision analysis tools and mathematical modeling are increasingly emphasized in malaria control programs worldwide to improve resource allocation and address ongoing challenges with sustainability. However, such tools require substantial scientific evidence, which is costly to acquire. The value of information (VOI) has been proposed as a metric for gauging the value of reduced model uncertainty. We apply this concept to an evidenced-based Malaria Decision Analysis Support Tool (MDAST) designed for application in East Africa. In developing MDAST, substantial gaps in the scientific evidence base were identified regarding insecticide resistance in malaria vector control and the effectiveness of alternative mosquito control approaches, including larviciding. We identify four entomological parameters in the model (two for insecticide resistance and two for larviciding) that involve high levels of uncertainty and to which outputs in MDAST are sensitive. We estimate and compare a VOI for combinations of these parameters in evaluating three policy alternatives relative to a status quo policy. We find having perfect information on the uncertain parameters could improve program net benefits by up to 5-21%, with the highest VOI associated with jointly eliminating uncertainty about reproductive speed of malaria-transmitting mosquitoes and initial efficacy of larviciding at reducing the emergence of new adult mosquitoes. Future research on parameter uncertainty in decision analysis of malaria control policy should investigate the VOI with respect to other aspects of malaria transmission (such as antimalarial resistance), the costs of reducing uncertainty in these parameters, and the extent to which imperfect information about these parameters can improve payoffs.
Household Perceptions and Subjective Valuations of Indoor Residual Spraying Programmes to Control Malaria in Northern Uganda Infectious Diseases of Poverty. | Pubmed ID: 27716420 Insecticide-based tools remain critical for controlling vector-borne diseases in Uganda. Securing public support from targeted populations for such tools is an important component in sustaining their long-run effectiveness. Yet little quantitative evidence is available on the perceived benefits and costs of vector control programmes among targeted households.