Articles by Zhaojie J. Zhang in JoVE
Toluidine Blue Staining of Resin-Embedded Sections for Evaluation of Peripheral Nerve Morphology Adel B. Ghnenis1, Richard E. Czaikowski1, Zhaojie J. Zhang2, Jared S. Bushman1 1School of Pharmacy, University of Wyoming, 2Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming Here we present a protocol to visualize fine structures of peripheral nerves by obtaining and staining 1-2 µm sections with toluidine blue
Other articles by Zhaojie J. Zhang on PubMed
Budding Yeast PDS5 Plays an Important Role in Meiosis and is Required for Sister Chromatid Cohesion Molecular Microbiology. | Pubmed ID: 15819623 Budding yeast PDS5 is an essential gene in mitosis and is required for chromosome condensation and sister chromatid cohesion. Here we report that PDS also is required in meiosis. Pds5p localizes on chromosomes at all stages during meiotic cycle, except anaphase I. PDS5 plays an important role at first meiotic prophase. Failure in function of PDS5 causes premature separation of chromosomes. The loading of Pds5p onto chromosome requires the function of REC8, but the association of Rec8p with chromosome is independent of PDS5. Mutant analysis and live cell imaging indicate that PDS5 play a role in meiosis II as well.
Sro7 and Sro77, the Yeast Homologues of the Drosophila Lethal Giant Larvae (Lgl), Regulate Cell Proliferation Via the Rho1-Tor1 Pathway Microbiology (Reading, England). | Pubmed ID: 25061043 Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sro7 and Sro77 are homologues of the Drosophila tumour suppressor lethal giant larvae (Lgl), which regulates cell polarity in Drosophila epithelial cells. Here, we showed that double mutation of SRO7/SRO77 was defective in colony growth. The colony of the SRO7/SRO77 double deletion was much smaller than the WT and appeared to be round with a smooth surface, compared with the WT. Analysis using transmission electron microscopy revealed multiple defects of the colony cells, including multiple budding, multiple nuclei, cell lysis and dead cells, suggesting that the double deletion caused defects in cell polarity and cell wall integrity (CWI). Overexpression of RHO1, one of the central regulators of cell polarity and CWI, fully recovered the sro7Δ/sro77Δ phenotype. We further demonstrated that sro7Δ/sro77Δ caused a decrease of the GTP-bound, active Rho1, which in turn caused an upregulation of TOR1. Deletion of TOR1 in sro7Δ/sro77Δ (sro7Δ/sro77Δ/tor1Δ) recovered the cell growth and colony morphology, similar to WT. Our results suggested that the tumour suppressor homologue SRO7/SRO77 regulated cell proliferation and yeast colony development via the Rho1-Tor1 pathway.
Guidelines and Recommendations on Yeast Cell Death Nomenclature Microbial Cell (Graz, Austria). | Pubmed ID: 29354647 Elucidating the biology of yeast in its full complexity has major implications for science, medicine and industry. One of the most critical processes determining yeast life and physiology is cel-lular demise. However, the investigation of yeast cell death is a relatively young field, and a widely accepted set of concepts and terms is still missing. Here, we propose unified criteria for the defi-nition of accidental, regulated, and programmed forms of cell death in yeast based on a series of morphological and biochemical criteria. Specifically, we provide consensus guidelines on the differ-ential definition of terms including apoptosis, regulated necrosis, and autophagic cell death, as we refer to additional cell death rou-tines that are relevant for the biology of (at least some species of) yeast. As this area of investigation advances rapidly, changes and extensions to this set of recommendations will be implemented in the years to come. Nonetheless, we strongly encourage the au-thors, reviewers and editors of scientific articles to adopt these collective standards in order to establish an accurate framework for yeast cell death research and, ultimately, to accelerate the pro-gress of this vibrant field of research.