# Columns

## Stability of structures

Consider two rods connected at point O by a pin and a torsional spring of constant k. The ends of both the rods are pin-connected. If both the rods are …

## Euler's Formula for Pin-Ended Columns

Consider a column PQ, pin-connected at both ends, with a centric axial load applied at end P. Buckling occurs if this load surpasses the critical load. To …

## Euler's Formula to Columns with Other End Conditions

Euler's formula for a pin-ended column expresses critical loading using the modulus of elasticity, moment of inertia of the cross-section, and length …

## Euler's Formula to Columns: Problem Solving

Consider two rigid bars of equal length, AB and BC, connected to each other and a spring of constant k connected to point B. What will be the magnitude of …

## Design of Columns under a Centric Load

Euler's formula is used to determine the critical load of a column, and Secant's formula is used to calculate the deformations and stresses of a …

## Design of Columns under an Eccentric Load

For a column loaded with an eccentric axial load in the plane of symmetry, the normal stresses due to eccentric load can be written as stresses due to an …

## Indirect Fabrication of Lattice Metals with Thin Sections Using Centrifugal Casting

One of the typical methods to manufacture 3D lattice metals is the direct-metal additive manufacturing (AM) process such as Selective Laser Melting (SLM) …

## Preparation and High-temperature Anti-adhesion Behavior of a Slippery Surface on Stainless Steel

Anti-adhesion surfaces with high-temperature resistance have a wide application potential in electrosurgical instruments, engines, and pipelines. A …

## Fabrication and Design of Wood-Based High-Performance Composites

Delignified densified wood is a new promising and sustainable material that possesses the potential to replace synthetic materials, such as glass fiber …