# Linear Momentum

JoVE Core
Physik
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JoVE Core Physik
Linear Momentum

### Nächstes Video9.2: Force and Momentum

The ease with which an object's motion can be influenced depends on its mass and velocity.

It is not easy to either turn a huge, slow-moving truck or stop a comparatively lightweight racing car moving at a high speed exactly at the finish line.

The mass in motion can be characterized by a physical quantity called linear momentum.

The linear momentum of a body, represented as p, is the product of its mass, m, and velocity, v.

The SI unit of momentum is kilogram meter per second. It is a vector quantity having the same direction as that of velocity.

The greater the mass and velocity of the object, the greater will be its momentum, making it difficult to influence its motion.

## Linear Momentum

The term momentum is used in various ways in everyday language, most of which are consistent with the precise scientific definition. Generally, momentum implies a tendency to continue on course—to move in the same direction; we tend to speak of sports teams or politicians gaining and maintaining the momentum to win.  Momentum is also associated with great mass and speed and is often considered when talking about collisions. For example, when rugby players collide and fall to the ground, their momentums have significant effects on any resulting collisions. Momentum, like energy, is important because it is conserved; only a few physical quantities are conserved in nature, and studying them yields fundamental insight into how nature works.

The scientific definition of linear momentum is consistent with most people’s intuitive understanding of momentum: a large, fast-moving object has greater momentum than a smaller, slower object. Linear momentum is defined as the product of a system’s mass multiplied by its velocity. It is directly proportional to the object’s mass and its velocity. Thus, the greater an object’s mass or greater its velocity, the greater its momentum. Momentum is a vector that has the same direction as the velocity.