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9.8: Theorems of Pappus and Guldinus: Problem Solving

JoVE Core
Mechanical Engineering

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Theorems of Pappus and Guldinus: Problem Solving

9.8: Theorems of Pappus and Guldinus: Problem Solving

Pappus and Guldinus's theorems are powerful mathematical principles that are used for finding the surface area and volume of composite shapes. For example, consider a cylindrical storage tank with a conical top. Finding the surface area or volume can be challenging for such complex shapes. These theorems are particularly useful in calculating the volume and surface area of such systems. Here, the cylindrical storage tank with a conical top can be broken down into two simple shapes: a cylinder and a cone.

To solve this problem, the first theorem is applied to find the surface area of the solid formed by revolving each of the generating curves around a non-intersecting axis. This involves substituting relevant values such as the length of the generating curve and the distance traveled by its centroid, obtaining separate values for each part, and then adding them up to obtain an overall total. For calculating the volume, we revolve an area around the same axis as before and use information from the second theorem, which involves multiplying generated areas by the distances traveled by their respective centroids.

By carrying out calculations with these two principles, it becomes easier to find accurate values for both the surface area and the volume of complex shapes such as this storage tank.

Suggested Reading


Pappus Theorem Guldinus Theorem Surface Area Volume Composite Shapes Cylindrical Storage Tank Conical Top Mathematical Principles Solving Problems Generating Curves Non-intersecting Axis Centroid Overall Total Accurate Values

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