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Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (Adipocytes). It is the site of stored Fats, usually in the form of Triglycerides. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the White fat and the Brown fat. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.

Human Brown Adipose Tissue Depots Automatically Segmented by Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and Registered Magnetic Resonance Images

1Chemical and Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 3Radiology & Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 4Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University

JoVE 52415


 Medicine

A Technique for Subcutaneous Abdominal Adipose Tissue Biopsy via a Non-diathermy Method

1FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, 2Institute of Sport, Faculty of Education, Health and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, 3Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, 4School of Physical Education and Exercise Science, University of Thessaly

JoVE 55593


 Medicine

Manual Isolation of Adipose-derived Stem Cells from Human Lipoaspirates

1Cytori Therapeutics Inc, 2Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 3Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 5Regenerative Bioengineering and Repair Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

JoVE 50585


 Biology

Creation and Transplantation of an Adipose-derived Stem Cell (ASC) Sheet in a Diabetic Wound-healing Model

1Diabetic Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine, 2The Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 3The Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine

JoVE 54539


 Medicine

Fabrication of Extracellular Matrix-derived Foams and Microcarriers as Tissue-specific Cell Culture and Delivery Platforms

1Biomedical Engineering Graduate Program, The University of Western Ontario, 2Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, 3Department of Chemical Engineering, Queen's University, 4Department of Chemical & Biochemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Western Ontario

JoVE 55436


 Bioengineering

Preparing and Administering Subcutaneous Medications

JoVE 10234

Source: Madeline Lassche, MSNEd, RN and Katie Baraki, MSN, RN, College of Nursing, University of Utah, UT

Subcutaneous medication administration is a parenteral approach to administer small amounts of medication (less than 2 mL) into the layer of tissue just below the skin. Common medications administered via the subcutaneous route include anticoagulant medications, such as heparin or enoxaparin; epinephrine administered for allergic reactions; insulin; and some immunizations. Subcutaneous injection preparations are commonly provided in vials or ampules for withdrawal into a subcutaneous syringe. Subcutaneous needles have a shorter length and smaller diameter than syringes used for intramuscular injections, are typically less than 5/8th of an inch, and are 26 gauge or smaller. Medication absorption and onset is slower than for intravenous routes, with some absorption rates lasting 24 h or longer. This approach is selected for many medications that may be denatured or deactivated if given via the oral route, given the acidity of the gastrointestinal tract. Subcutaneous injection preparations are commonly provided in vials or ampules for withdrawal into a subcutaneous syringe. The nurse should determine the appropriate medication dose according to


 Nursing Skills

Rapid Isolation of BMPR-IB+ Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells for Use in a Calvarial Defect Healing Model

1Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine

JoVE 55120


 Developmental Biology

Isolation and Enrichment of Human Adipose-derived Stromal Cells for Enhanced Osteogenesis

1Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 2Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University

JoVE 52181


 Developmental Biology

In Vivo and Ex Vivo Approaches to Study Ovarian Cancer Metastatic Colonization of Milky Spot Structures in Peritoneal Adipose

1Section of Urology, Department of Surgery, The University of Chicago, 2Department of Pathology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 3Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, 4Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, University Health Network, 5Departments of Medicine, Pharmacology, and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center

JoVE 52721


 Medicine

Regenerative Therapy by Suprachoroidal Cell Autograft in Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Preliminary in Vivo Report

1Low Vision Research Centre of Milan, 2Department of Ophthalmology, A. Fiorini Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 3Glaucoma and Low Vision Study Center, Department of General Surgery and Organ Transplants, University of Bologna, 4Department of Sense Organs, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, Sapienza University of Rome

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56469


 JoVE In-Press

Repair of a Critical-sized Calvarial Defect Model Using Adipose-derived Stromal Cells Harvested from Lipoaspirate

1Department of Surgery, Stanford University, 2Department of Surgery, Duke University, 3Department of Surgery, Saint Joseph Mercy Hospital, 4School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 5School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles

JoVE 4221


 Medicine

Isolation and Characterization of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Human Umbilical Cord and Fetal Placenta

1Department of Biological Sciences, Oakland University, 2OU-WB Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. John Provindence - Providence Park Hospital, 4Department of Neurosurgery, Beaumont Health System

JoVE 55224


 Developmental Biology

Preparing and Administering Intramuscular Injections

JoVE 10261

Source: Madeline Lassche, MSNEd, RN and Katie Baraki, MSN, RN, College of Nursing, University of Utah, UT

Intramuscular (IM) injections deposit medications deep into the muscle tissue. Since muscle fibers are well perfused, this route of administration provides quick uptake of the medication and allows for the administration of relatively large volumes. Skeletal muscles have fewer pain-sensing nerves than subcutaneous tissue, which allows for the less painful administration of irritating drugs (e.g., chlorpromazine, an anti-psychotic). IM injections are recommended for patients unable to take oral medications and for uncooperative patients. Some examples of medications that are commonly delivered by IM injections include antibiotics, hormones, and vaccinations. As in any other route of administration, the nurse must consider if the medication is appropriate, given the patient's medical conditions, allergies, and current clinical status. In addition, specifically for IM injections, it is important to assess the patient's muscle mass to determine the appropriate needle size. Also, if the patient has already received this injection, it is necessary to verify the injection site that was previously used and to ensure that the previous dose did not result in any adverse


 Nursing Skills

In Vitro Recording of Mesenteric Afferent Nerve Activity in Mouse Jejunal and Colonic Segments

1Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Antwerp, 2Visceral Pain Group, Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, 3Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sheffield, 4Department of Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Postgraduate Medicine, University of Hertfordshire, 5Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Antwerp University Hospital

JoVE 54576


 Neuroscience

Synthesis of Thermogelling Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-graft-chondroitin Sulfate Composites with Alginate Microparticles for Tissue Engineering

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Rowan University, 2Department of Biological Sciences, Rowan University, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, Drexel University

JoVE 53704


 Bioengineering

Isolation of Blood-vessel-derived Multipotent Precursors from Human Skeletal Muscle

1Stem Cell Research Center, Department of Bioengineering and Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 3Nazarbayev University Research and Innovation System, Nazarbayev University, 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UCLA Orthopaedic Hospital and the Orthopaedic Hospital Research Center, University of California at Los Angeles, 5Department of Cell Biology, Erasmus MC Stem Cell Institute, 6OHSU Center for Regenerative Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, 7Centre for Cardiovascular Science and MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine, Queen's Medical Research Institute and University of Edinburgh, 8David Geffen School of Medicine and the Orthopaedic Hospital Research Center, University of California at Los Angeles, 9Stem Cell Research Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh

JoVE 51195


 Biology

Studying the Hypothalamic Insulin Signal to Peripheral Glucose Intolerance with a Continuous Drug Infusion System into the Mouse Brain

1The Ph.D. Program for Neural Regenerative Medicine, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University and National Health Research, 2Graduate Institute of Neural Regenerative Medicine, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, 3TMU research center for Neurotrauma and Neuroregeneration, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56410


 JoVE In-Press

ADSC-sheet Transplantation to Prevent Stricture after Extended Esophageal Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection

1Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, 3UMR-S970, Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cité, 4Department of Pathology, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, 5Department of Radiology, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou

JoVE 55018


 Medicine

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