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Adult Stem Cells: Cells with high proliferative and self renewal capacities derived from adults.

Adult Stem Cells

JoVE 10810

Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that divide and produce more stem cells or progenitor cells that differentiate into mature, specialized cell types. All the cells in the body are generated from stem cells in the early embryo, but small populations of stem cells are also present in many adult tissues including the bone marrow, brain, skin, and gut. These adult stem cells typically produce the various cell types found in that tissue—to replace cells that are damaged or to continuously renew the tissue. The epithelium lining the small intestine is continuously renewed by adult stem cells. It is the most rapidly replaced tissue in the human body, with most cells being replaced within 3-5 days. The intestinal epithelium consists of thousands of villi that protrude into the interior of the small intestine—increasing its surface area to aid in the absorption of nutrients. Intestinal stem cells are located at the base of invaginations called crypts that lie between the villi. They divide to produce new stem cells, as well as daughter cells (called transit amplifying cells) that divide rapidly, move up the villi and differentiate into all the cell types in the intestinal epithelium, including absorptive, goblet, enteroendocrine, and Paneth cells. These mature cells continue to move up the villi as they carry out their functions, except Paneth cell

 Core: Biotechnology

Tissue Regeneration with Somatic Stem Cells

JoVE 5339

Somatic or adult stem cells, like embryonic stem cells, are capable of self-renewal but demonstrate a restricted differentiation potential. Nonetheless, these cells are crucial to homeostatic processes and play an important role in tissue repair. By studying and manipulating this cell population, scientist may be able to develop new regenerative therapies for injuries and diseases.


 Developmental Biology

An Introduction to Aging and Regeneration

JoVE 5337

Tissues are maintained through a balance of cellular aging and regeneration. Aging refers to the gradual loss of cellular function, and regeneration is the repair of damaged tissue generally mediated by preexisting adult or somatic stem cells. Scientists are interested in understanding the biological mechanisms behind these two complex processes. By doing so, researchers may be able to use…

 Developmental Biology

Fate Mapping

JoVE 5335

Fate mapping is a technique used to understand how embryonic cells divide, differentiate, and migrate during development. In classic fate mapping experiments, cells in different areas of an embryo are labeled with a chemical dye and then tracked to determine which tissues or structures they form. Technological improvements now allow for individual cells to be marked and traced throughout…

 Developmental Biology

Manual Isolation of Adipose-derived Stem Cells from Human Lipoaspirates

1Cytori Therapeutics Inc, 2Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 3Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 5Regenerative Bioengineering and Repair Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

JoVE 50585

 Biology

Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Culture on Polyvinyl Alcohol-Co-Itaconic Acid Hydrogels with Varying Stiffness Under Xeno-Free Conditions

1Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Central University, 2Department of Botany and Microbiology, King Saud University, 3Cathay Medical Research Institute, Cathay General Hospital, 4Graduate Institute of Systems Biology and Bioinformatics, National Central University, 5Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 6Department of Internal Medicine, Taiwan Landseed Hospital, 7Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, 8Thiruvalluvar University

JoVE 57314

 Bioengineering

In Situ Immunofluorescent Staining of Autophagy in Muscle Stem Cells

1Department of Medicine, Institute of Translational Pharmacology, Italian National Research Council, 2Epigenetics and Regenerative Medicine, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, 3Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), 4Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

JoVE 55908

 Biology

Production and Administration of Therapeutic Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cell (MSC) Spheroids Primed in 3-D Cultures Under Xeno-free Conditions

1Department of Biology, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, 2Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, 3Multi-Organ Support Technology Task Area, U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, 4Internal Medicine, Texas A&M University Health Science Center

JoVE 55126

 Developmental Biology

Reprogramming Primary Amniotic Fluid and Membrane Cells to Pluripotency in Xeno-free Conditions

1Mitchell Cancer Institute, University of South Alabama, 2College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, 3Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Zurich, 4Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich, 5Center for Applied Biotechnology and Molecular Medicine (CABMM), University of Zurich - Irchel Campus

JoVE 56003

 Developmental Biology

Isolation of Murine Embryonic Hemogenic Endothelial Cells

1Departments of Medicine, Genetics and Biomedical Engineering, Yale Cardiovascular Research Center, Vascular Biology and Therapeutics Program, Yale Stem Cell Center, Yale University School of Medicine, 2Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 3Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine

JoVE 54150

 Developmental Biology

A Fluorescence-based Assay for Characterization and Quantification of Lipid Droplet Formation in Human Intestinal Organoids

1Division of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, 2Regenerative Medicine Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, 3Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University

JoVE 60150

 Medicine

An Enzyme-Free Method for Isolation and Expansion of Human Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

1Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, 2Rutgers School of Graduate Studies at New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, 3Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 59419

 JoVE In-Press

Isolation, Propagation, and Prion Protein Expression During Neuronal Differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells

1Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Environmental Pathology, Sabina Universitas - Rieti University Hub, 2Department of Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 3Department of Science Dentistry and Maxillofacial, Sapienza University of Rome

JoVE 59282

 Developmental Biology

Isolation, Characterization and MicroRNA-based Genetic Modification of Human Dental Follicle Stem Cells

1Reference and Translation Center for Cardiac Stem Cell Therapy (RTC), Department of Cardiac Surgery, Rostock University Medical Center, 2Department Life, Light and Matter of the Interdisciplinary Faculty at Rostock University, 3Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Rostock University Medical Center

JoVE 58089

 Genetics

Visualization and Quantification of Mesenchymal Cell Adipogenic Differentiation Potential with a Lineage Specific Marker

1School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, 2Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, 3Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, 4Department of Plastic Surgery, Counties Manukau District Health Board, 5Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, 6Biomedical Imaging Research Unit, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, 7Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland

JoVE 57153

 Biology

Semiautomated Longitudinal Microcomputed Tomography-based Quantitative Structural Analysis of a Nude Rat Osteoporosis-related Vertebral Fracture Model

1Skeletal Biotech Laboratory, Hebrew University-Hadassah Faculty of Dental Medicine, 2Department of Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 3Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 4Biomedical Imaging Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 5Department of Orthopedics, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

JoVE 55928

 Bioengineering

Chondrogenic Pellet Formation from Cord Blood-derived Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

1CiSTEM Laboratory, Convergent Research Consortium for Immunologic Disease, Division of Rheumatology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 2Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Institute of Medical Science, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea

JoVE 55988

 Developmental Biology

Isolation and Characterization of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Human Umbilical Cord and Fetal Placenta

1Department of Biological Sciences, Oakland University, 2OU-WB Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. John Provindence - Providence Park Hospital, 4Department of Neurosurgery, Beaumont Health System

JoVE 55224

 Developmental Biology
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