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Antibody Affinity: A measure of the binding strength between antibody and a simple hapten or antigen determinant. It depends on the closeness of stereochemical fit between antibody combining sites and antigen determinants, on the size of the area of contact between them, and on the distribution of charged and hydrophobic groups. It includes the concept of "avidity," which refers to the strength of the antigen-antibody bond after formation of reversible complexes.

Affinity and Avidity

JoVE 10899

Antibodies bind to toxins or substances on the surface of cells, bacteria, viruses, or fungi. The substance is called an antigen, and the precise binding site is the epitope. The strength of the antibody-epitope interaction is called affinity. When an antibody binds an antigen by multiple epitopes, the cumulative strength of the interaction is called avidity. The strength of the interaction influences the elicited immune response. By definition, everything that an antibody can bind to is called an antigen. An antigen can be from another organism, a foreign particle such as a toxin, drug or a physical intruder (e.g., splinter), or the body’s own tissue. The exact point of contact where the antibody binds is called the epitope of the antigen. The strength with which an antibody binds to an epitope is called its affinity. When the body encounters an antigen for the first time, only some of the available antibodies in the body bind the antigen by chance. The affinity of the antibody is likely low. However, the adaptive immune system earns its name by reacting adaptively to antigens that the organism encounters during its lifetime. Once an antigen has been recognized for the first time, a complex selection process leads to the production of antibodies with higher affinity against this specific antigen. Hence, the affinity of the antibody for a particul

 Core: Immune System

Scalable High Throughput Selection From Phage-displayed Synthetic Antibody Libraries

1The Recombinant Antibody Network, 2The Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, 3Antibiome Center, University of California, San Francisco at Mission Bay, 4Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago

JoVE 51492

 Immunology and Infection

Cell-based Assay to Study Antibody-mediated Tau Clearance by Microglia

1Neuroscience Discovery, Janssen Pharmaceutical Company of Johnson & Johnson, Belgium, 2Department of Hematopoiesis, Sanquin Research and Landsteiner Laboratory, The Netherlands, 3Janssen Prevention Center, Janssen Pharmaceutical Company of Johnson & Johnson, The Netherlands, 4Neuroscience Discovery, Janssen Pharmaceutical Company of Johnson & Johnson, Pennsylvania

JoVE 58576

 Neuroscience

An ELISA Based Binding and Competition Method to Rapidly Determine Ligand-receptor Interactions

1Applied Microbiology Research, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, 2Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zurich, and Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 3Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 4Li Ka Shing Institute for Virology, University of Alberta, 5Regional Infectious Diseases Unit, University of Edinburgh, 6Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, 7Infection Biology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, 8Clinical Microbiology, University Hospital Basel

JoVE 53575

 Chemistry
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