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Caloric Restriction: Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.

Quantification of Global Diastolic Function by Kinematic Modeling-based Analysis of Transmitral Flow via the Parametrized Diastolic Filling Formalism

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, 2Department of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis, 3Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, 4Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Washington University in St. Louis, 5Cardiovascular Biophysics Lab, Washington University in St. Louis

JoVE 51471


 Bioengineering

Quantification of Information Encoded by Gene Expression Levels During Lifespan Modulation Under Broad-range Dietary Restriction in C. elegans

1Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, King's College London, 2Interdisciplinary Bioengineering Graduate Program, Georgia Institute of Technology, 3Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 4School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

JoVE 56292


 Genetics

Measurement of Survival Time in Brachionus Rotifers: Synchronization of Maternal Conditions

1Department of Aquatic Bioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 2School of Marine Biosciences, Department of Marine Biosciences, Kitasato University, 3Josephine Bay Paul Center for Comparative Molecular Biology and Evolution, Marine Biological Laboratory, 4School of Arts and Sciences, University of Houston-Victoria

JoVE 54126


 Biology

Fetal Echocardiography and Pulsed-wave Doppler Ultrasound in a Rabbit Model of Intrauterine Growth Restriction

1Division Woman and Child, Department Women, University Hospitals Leuven, 2The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, Victoria, Australia, 3Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 4Fetal and Perinatal Medicine Research Group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), 5Maternal-Fetal Medicine Department, ICGON, Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER)

JoVE 50392


 Medicine

In Situ Immunofluorescent Staining of Autophagy in Muscle Stem Cells

1Department of Medicine, Institute of Translational Pharmacology, Italian National Research Council, 2Epigenetics and Regenerative Medicine, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, 3Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), 4Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

JoVE 55908


 Biology

The Neuromuscular Junction: Measuring Synapse Size, Fragmentation and Changes in Synaptic Protein Density Using Confocal Fluorescence Microscopy

1Physiology and Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, 2Motor Neuron Disease Research Group, Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University, 3Advanced Microscopy Facility, Bosch Institute, University of Sydney

JoVE 52220


 Neuroscience

An Introduction to Aging and Regeneration

JoVE 5337

Tissues are maintained through a balance of cellular aging and regeneration. Aging refers to the gradual loss of cellular function, and regeneration is the repair of damaged tissue generally mediated by preexisting adult or somatic stem cells. Scientists are interested in understanding the biological mechanisms behind these two complex processes. By doing so, researchers may be able to use somatic stem cells to treat degenerative diseases and develop therapies that could delay the effects of aging. In this video, we provide a brief history of the field of aging and regeneration, touching upon observations made in ancient Greece, as well as modern-day experiments. Some of the questions being asked in this field, and the prominent methods being used by biologists to answer them, are then explored. Finally, we look at a few specific experiments being conducted in today\'s aging and regeneration research laboratories.


 Essentials of Developmental Biology

Invertebrate Lifespan Quantification

JoVE 5338

Many animals naturally stop growing upon reaching adulthood, after which they undergo aging or "senescence" until dying. The amount of time between an organism\'s birth and death is called its lifespan, which can be influenced by various biological and environmental factors. By exposing organisms to different growth conditions, scientists can better understand the factors affecting lifespan. Flies and worms are ideal organisms to perform such experiments, given their short generation time and simple culture requirements. This video provides a brief overview of the factors affecting aging, and goes on to describe basic protocols for invertebrate lifespan quantification experiments. Finally, three research applications of lifespan quantification will be discussed. These experiments explore the effects of diverse factors, such as temperature, drugs, pathogens, and diet, on lifespan.


 Essentials of Developmental Biology

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Genetic Engineering of an Unconventional Yeast for Renewable Biofuel and Biochemical Production

1Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 2NUS Synthetic Biology for Clinical and Technological Innovation (SynCTI), Life Sciences Institute, National University of Singapore, 3Food Science and Chemical Engineering, Singapore Institute of Technology

JoVE 54371


 Genetics

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Modified Terminal Restriction Fragment Analysis for Quantifying Telomere Length Using In-gel Hybridization

1Departments of Pathology and Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, University of Pittsburgh, 2University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, 3Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, 4Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, Behavioral & Community Health Sciences, University of Pittsburgh

JoVE 56001


 Cancer Research

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Bidirectional Retroviral Integration Site PCR Methodology and Quantitative Data Analysis Workflow

1UCLA AIDS Institute, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 2Department of Microbiology, Immunology, & Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 3Departments of Biomathematics and Mathematics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 4Personalized Genomic Medicine Research Center, Division of Strategic Research Groups, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 5Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 6Department of Veterinary Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University (OSU)

JoVE 55812


 Genetics

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The C. elegans Excretory Canal as a Model for Intracellular Lumen Morphogenesis and In Vivo Polarized Membrane Biogenesis in a Single Cell

1Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center, Developmental Biology and Genetics Core, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Harvard Medical School, 2College of Life Sciences, Jilin University, 3Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56101


 JoVE In-Press

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Pairwise Growth Competition Assay for Determining the Replication Fitness of Human Immunodeficiency Viruses

1Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, 2Departments of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, 3U.S Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 4Henry M. Jackson Foundation

JoVE 52610


 Immunology and Infection

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Enhanced Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing for Assessment of DNA Methylation at Base Pair Resolution

1Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, 2Institute for Computational Biomedicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, 3Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, 4Department of Pathology, University of Michigan

JoVE 52246


 Biology

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