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Carbon Cycle: The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.

The Carbon Cycle

JoVE 10933

Carbon is the basis of all organic matter on Earth, and is recycled through the ecosystem in two primary processes: one in which carbon is exchanged among living organisms, and one in which carbon is cycled over long periods of time through fossilized organic remains, weathering of rocks, and volcanic activity. Human activities, including increased agricultural practices and the burning of fossil fuels, has greatly affected the balance of the natural carbon cycle. All living things are composed of organic molecules that contain atoms of the element carbon. Carbon exists in the atmosphere as carbon dioxide gas, which reacts with water to form bicarbonate. During photosynthesis, primary producers (or autotrophs) convert carbon dioxide and bicarbonate into organic carbon-containing compounds, such as glucose, to provide energy for growth, maintenance and other processes. Heterotrophs receive organic carbon for growth and maintenance by consuming autotrophs. Through the process of cellular respiration, these organic molecules are broken down to release the energy stored within them. The byproducts of this process are water and carbon dioxide, which is released into the atmosphere through respiration, continuing the cycle. Carbon can also return to the environment as animal waste or as decaying material from dead organisms. Decomposers, such as bact

 Core: Biology

Photosynthesis- Concept

JoVE 10565


Almost all living organisms on Earth depend on photosynthesis, which is the process that converts sunlight energy into a simple sugar called glucose. This molecule can be used as a short-term energy source or to build more complex carbohydrates like starches for long-term energy storage. Autotrophs are organisms that capture light energy using photosynthesis. Also known …

 Lab Bio

Community Diversity- Concept

JoVE 10607

Populations do not live in isolation; thus, every population interacts with others in certain ways. These interactions give rise to a network of populations. Hence, an ecological community is composed of such population networks of various species interacting with each other within the same area. These biological, or biotic, components may also closely interact with non-living, or abiotic,…

 Lab Bio

Laser-Induced Fluorescence Emission (L.I.F.E.) as Novel Non-Invasive Tool for In-Situ Measurements of Biomarkers in Cryospheric Habitats

1Institute of Ecology, University of Innsbruck, 2Austrian Polar Research Institute, University of Vienna, 3BrainLinks-BrainTools, Bernstein Center Freiburg, 4Atom Science, Kasevich Lab, Stanford University, 5Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Innsbruck, 6Department of Physics, Extraterrestrial Vehicle Instruments Laboratory, Harvey Mudd College

JoVE 60447


Characterization of Ultra-fine Grained and Nanocrystalline Materials Using Transmission Kikuchi Diffraction

1School of Civil Engineering, The University of Sydney, 2Australian Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Sydney, 3Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Macquarie University, 4Charles Delaunay Institute, LASMIS, UMR STMR CNRS 6281, University of Technology of Troyes

JoVE 55506


Characterization, Quantification and Compound-specific Isotopic Analysis of Pyrogenic Carbon Using Benzene Polycarboxylic Acids (BPCA)

1Department of Geography, University of Zurich, 2Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of South Carolina, 3Department of Earth Sciences, ETH Zurich, 4Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics, ETH Zurich, 5Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University

JoVE 53922


Manufacturing Simple and Inexpensive Soil Surface Temperature and Gravimetric Water Content Sensors

1Southwest Biological Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey, 2Centre for Energy Technology Brandenburg, 3Institute of Environmental Sciences, Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg, 4Umweltanalytische Produkte GmbH, 5Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Graz, 6Multiphase Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry

JoVE 60308

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