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Cardiac Output: The volume of Blood passing through the Heart per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with Stroke volume (volume per beat).

Pericardiocentesis

JoVE 10236

Source: Rachel Liu, BAO, MBBCh, Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA


The heart lies within the pericardium, a relatively inelastic fibrous sac. The pericardium has some compliance to stretch when fluid is slowly introduced into the pericardial space. However, rapid accumulation overwhelms pericardial…

 Emergency Medicine and Critical Care

Needle Thoracostomy

JoVE 10233

Source: Rachel Liu, BAO, MBBCh, Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA


A tension pneumothorax is a life-threatening situation in which excess air is introduced into the pleural space surrounding the lung, either through trauma to the chest cavity or as a spontaneous leak of air from the lung itself. Air…

 Emergency Medicine and Critical Care

Basic Life Support: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Defibrillation

JoVE 10199

Source: Julianna Jung, MD, FACEP, Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Maryland, USA


High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the single most important determinant of intact survival in cardiac arrest, and it is critical that all healthcare workers are able…

 Emergency Medicine and Critical Care

High-frequency Ultrasound Imaging of the Abdominal Aorta

JoVE 10397

Source: Amelia R. Adelsperger, Evan H. Phillips, and Craig J. Goergen, Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana


High-frequency ultrasound systems are used to acquire high resolution images. Here, the use of a state-of-the-art system will be demonstrated to image the morphology and …

 Biomedical Engineering

Anesthesia Induction and Maintenance

JoVE 10263

Source: Kay Stewart, RVT, RLATG, CMAR; Valerie A. Schroeder, RVT, RLATG. University of Notre Dame, IN


The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals ("The Guide") states that pain assessment and alleviation are integral components of the veterinary care of laboratory animals.1 The definition of anesthesia is the loss …

 Lab Animal Research

Tube Thoracostomy

JoVE 10283

Source: Rachel Liu, BAO, MBBCh, Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA


Tube thoracostomy (chest tube placement) is a procedure during which a hollow tube is inserted into the thoracic cavity for drainage of fluid or air. Emergency chest tube insertion is performed for definitive treatment of tension…

 Emergency Medicine and Critical Care

Blood Pressure Measurement

JoVE 10083

Source: Meghan Fashjian, ACNP-BC, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston MA


The term blood pressure (BP) describes lateral pressures produced by blood upon the vessel walls. BP is a vital sign obtained routinely in hospital and outpatient settings, and is one of the most common medical assessments performed around…

 Physical Examinations I

Normothermic Ex Situ Heart Perfusion in Working Mode: Assessment of Cardiac Function and Metabolism

1Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, 4Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Alberta, 5Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Alberta, 6Canadian National Transplant Research Program, 7Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta

JoVE 58430

 Medicine

Observational Study Protocol for Repeated Clinical Examination and Critical Care Ultrasonography Within the Simple Intensive Care Studies

1Department of Critical Care, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 2Department of Anesthesiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 3Department of Radiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 4Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 5Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen

JoVE 58802

 Medicine

Invasive Hemodynamic Characterization of the Portal-hypertensive Syndrome in Cirrhotic Rats

1Div. of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dept. of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, 2Vienna Hepatic Hemodynamic Laboratory, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, 3Center of Biomedical Research, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

JoVE 57261

 Medicine

A Pre-Clinical Porcine Model of Orthotopic Heart Transplantation

1Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Peter Munk Cardiac Center, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, 2Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, 3Perfusion and Anesthesia Services, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, 4Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, 5Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, 6Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto

JoVE 59197

 Medicine

High-frequency High-resolution Echocardiography: First Evidence on Non-invasive Repeated Measure of Myocardial Strain, Contractility, and Mitral Regurgitation in the Ischemia-reperfused Murine Heart

1Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, 2Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, 3Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University

JoVE 1781

 Medicine

Use of a Piglet Model for the Study of Anesthetic-induced Developmental Neurotoxicity (AIDN): A Translational Neuroscience Approach

1Department of Anesthesiology, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 3Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, 4Department of Biomedical Sciences, Section of Anatomic Pathology, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, 5Department of Pathology and Anatomy, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 6Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital

JoVE 55193

 Medicine

Integration of Brain Tissue Saturation Monitoring in Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Patients with Heart Failure

1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, 2Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, 3School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, 4Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, 5National Quemoy University, 6Kinmen Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare

JoVE 60289

 Medicine

A Cryoinjury Model to Study Myocardial Infarction in the Mouse

1Transplant and Stem Cell Immunobiology Lab, University Heart Center, 2Department of Surgery, Transplant and Stem Cell Immunobiology Lab, University of California San Francisco, 3Cardiovascular Research Center (CVRC) and DZHK German Center for Cardiovascular Research, 4Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California San Francisco, 5Cardiovascular Surgery, University Heart Center

JoVE 59958

 Medicine

Induction and Phenotyping of Acute Right Heart Failure in a Large Animal Model of Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

1Research and Innovation Unit, RHU BioArt Lung 2020, Marie Lannelongue Hospital, 2Phenotypic and Biomarker Core Laboratory, Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University, 3Department of pathology, Marie Lannelongue Hospital, 4Department of pathology, UCSF School of Medicine

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58057

 JoVE In-Press

A Surgical Procedure for the Administration of Drugs to the Inner Ear in a Non-Human Primate Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)

1Division of Regenerative Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 4Laboratory Animal Facilities, Jikei University School of Medicine

JoVE 56574

 Medicine

Analysis of Spinal Cord Blood Supply Combining Vascular Corrosion Casting and Fluorescence Microsphere Technique: A Feasibility Study in an Aortic Surgical Large Animal Model

1Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center Freiburg University, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, 2Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Medical Center Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56222

 JoVE In-Press
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