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Cell Lineage: The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original Stem cells in the embryo.

Embryonic Stem Cell Culture and Differentiation

JoVE 5332

Culturing embryonic stem (ES) cells requires conditions that maintain these cells in an undifferentiated state to preserve their capacity for self-renewal and pluripotency. Stem cell biologists are continuously optimizing methods to improve the efficiency of ES cell culture, and are simultaneously trying to direct the differentiation of ES cells into specific cell types that could be used in regenerative medicine. This video describes the basic principles of ES cell culture, and demonstrates a general protocol to grow and passage ES cells. We also take a closer look at the hanging drop method, which is used to differentiate ES cells. Finally, this video will describe a few applications of ES cell culture and differentiation techniques, including a method used to generate functional heart muscle cells in vitro.


 Developmental Biology

Derivation of Glial Restricted Precursors from E13 mice

1Hugo W. Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Johns Hopkins University, 2Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 3University of Maryland, 4Experimental Neurology, Biogen Idec, 5The Brain Science Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 6Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

JoVE 3462


 Neuroscience

C. elegans Development and Reproduction

JoVE 5110

Ceanorhabditis elegans is a powerful tool to help understand how organisms develop from a single cell into a vast interconnected array of functioning tissues. Early work in C. elegans traced the complete cell lineage and structure at the electron microscopy level, allowing researchers unprecedented insight into the connection between genes, development and disease. Appreciating the stereotyped development and reproductive program of C. elegans is essential to using this model organism to its experimental fullest. This video will give you a peek into the development of a worm from fertilization to hatching, and walk you though the life stages of the newly hatched larvae on its journey to reproductive maturity. The video will detail how the major axes are established, which founder cells give rise to what tissues in the developing embryo and how to discriminate between the four larval stages. Finally, you will learn how to set up a genetic cross and we"ll visit a few applications that manipulate the development and reproduction of C. elegans to experimental benefit.


 Biology I

An Introduction to Caenorhabditis elegans

JoVE 5103

Caenorhabditis elegans is a microscopic, soil-dwelling roundworm that has been powerfully used as a model organism since the early 1970’s. It was initially proposed as a model for developmental biology because of its invariant body plan, ease of genetic manipulation and low cost of maintenance. Since then C. elegans has rapidly grown in popularity and is now utilized in numerous research endeavors, from studying the forces at work during locomotion to studies of neural circuitry. This video provides an overview of basic C. elegans biology, a timeline of the many milestones in its short but storied history, and finally a few exciting applications using C. elegans as a model organism.


 Biology I

Database-guided Flow-cytometry for Evaluation of Bone Marrow Myeloid Cell Maturation

1Department of Hematology, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, 2Department of Immunology, University Hospital of Grenoble-Alpes, 3Department Hematology, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, 4Department of Immunology, University Hospital of Nice, 5Department of Biopathology, Institute Paoli-Calmettes, 6Department of Hematology, University Hospital of Lille

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57867


 JoVE In-Press

In Vitro Colony Assays for Characterizing Tri-potent Progenitor Cells Isolated from the Adult Murine Pancreas

1Diabetes and Metabolism Research Institute, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, 2Irell & Manella Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, 3Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology

JoVE 54016


 Developmental Biology

Manual Isolation of Adipose-derived Stem Cells from Human Lipoaspirates

1Cytori Therapeutics Inc, 2Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 3Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 5Regenerative Bioengineering and Repair Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

JoVE 50585


 Biology

A Three-dimensional Thymic Culture System to Generate Murine Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived Tumor Antigen-Specific Thymic Emigrants

1Surgery Branch, National Cancer Institute, NIH, 2Center for Cell-Based Therapy, National Cancer Institute, NIH, 3Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58672


 JoVE In-Press

Long-term In Vivo Tracking of Inflammatory Cell Dynamics Within Drosophila Pupae

1School of Biochemistry, Biomedical Sciences, University of Bristol, 2School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Biomedical Sciences, University of Bristol, 3MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, University of Edinburgh, Queens Medical Research Institute, 4School of Physiology, Pharmacology, and Neuroscience, Biomedical Sciences, University of Bristol

JoVE 57871


 Immunology and Infection

Lens-free Video Microscopy for the Dynamic and Quantitative Analysis of Adherent Cell Culture

1CEA, LETI, DTBS, LISA, Université Grenoble Alpes, 2CEA, LETI, DTBS, LBAM, Université Grenoble Alpes, 3CEA, INSERM, BIG, Université Grenoble Alpes, 4CNRS, FR CNRS 3425, 5CNRS, UMR 144, Molecular Mechanisms of Intracellular Transport, PSL Research University, Institut Curie, 6TIMC-IMAG

JoVE 56580


 Biology

Immunostaining for DNA Modifications: Computational Analysis of Confocal Images

1Division of Cancer and Stem Cells, School of Medicine, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham, 2School of Life Sciences Imaging (SLIM), School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham, 3Children's Brain Tumour Research Centre, School of Medicine, QMC, University of Nottingham

JoVE 56318


 Genetics

Isolation and Characterization of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Human Umbilical Cord and Fetal Placenta

1Department of Biological Sciences, Oakland University, 2OU-WB Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. John Provindence - Providence Park Hospital, 4Department of Neurosurgery, Beaumont Health System

JoVE 55224


 Developmental Biology

Two Techniques to Create Hypoparathyroid Mice: Parathyroidectomy Using GFP Glands and Diphtheria-Toxin-Mediated Parathyroid Ablation

1Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 2West China School of Stomatology, Sichuan University, 3Department of Oral Medicine, Infection and Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 4State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University

JoVE 55010


 Medicine

Harnessing the DNA Dye-triggered Side Population Phenotype to Detect and Purify Cancer Stem Cells from Biological Samples

1Institute of Immunobiology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, 2Internal Medicine V, Medical University of Innsbruck, 3Tyrolean Cancer Research Institute (TKFI), 4Medical Clinic III, Oncology, Hematology, Immunoncology and Rheumatology, University Clinic Bonn (UKB)

JoVE 55634


 Cancer Research

Structure-function Studies in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells Using Recombinase-mediated Cassette Exchange

1Department of Biomedical Molecular Biology, Ghent University, 2Inflammation Research Center, VIB, 3Center for Medical Genetics, Ghent University Hospital, 4Cancer Research Institute Ghent (CRIG), 5Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, 6Helmholtz Center for Infection Research, 7Mammalian Functional Genetics Laboratory, Division of Blood Cancers, Australian Centre for Blood Diseases, Department of Clinical Haematology, Monash University and Alfred Health Alfred Centre

JoVE 55575


 Developmental Biology

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