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Fibrosis: Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury.

Invasive Hemodynamic Characterization of the Portal-hypertensive Syndrome in Cirrhotic Rats

1Div. of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dept. of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, 2Vienna Hepatic Hemodynamic Laboratory, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, 3Center of Biomedical Research, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

JoVE 57261


 Medicine

Chemically-blocked Antibody Microarray for Multiplexed High-throughput Profiling of Specific Protein Glycosylation in Complex Samples

1Institute for Hepatitis and Virus Research, 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Thomas Jefferson University, 3Drexel University College of Medicine, 4Van Andel Research Institute, 5Institute for Hepatitis and Virus Research, Serome Biosciences Inc.

JoVE 3791


 Biology

Predicting Treatment Response to Image-Guided Therapies Using Machine Learning: An Example for Trans-Arterial Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

1Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale School of Medicine, 2Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Universitätsmedizin Charité Berlin, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science, 4Philips Research North America, 5Prescience Labs

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58382


 JoVE In-Press

Bile Duct Ligation in Mice: Induction of Inflammatory Liver Injury and Fibrosis by Obstructive Cholestasis

1Institute of Molecular Pathobiochemistry, Experimental Gene Therapy and Clinical Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, 2Institute for Laboratory Animal Science and Experimental Surgery, RWTH Aachen University, 3Department of Medicine III, RWTH Aachen University

JoVE 52438


 Medicine

The Murine Choline-Deficient, Ethionine-Supplemented (CDE) Diet Model of Chronic Liver Injury

1School of Biomedical Sciences & Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, 2School of Public Health & Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, 3Institute of Biochemistry, Christian-Albrechts-University, 4School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, 5Centenary Institute of Cancer Medicine and Cell Biology, The University of Sydney, 6Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, 7A.W. Morrow Gastroenterology and Liver Centre, 8QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, 9Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, 10Fiona Stanley and Fremantle Hospitals, 11School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, 12School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia

JoVE 56138


 Biology

Lentiviral Vector-mediated Gene Therapy of Hepatocytes Ex Vivo for Autologous Transplantation of Swine

1Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 2Midwest Fetal Care Center, Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, 3Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins, 4Pediatric Surgical Associates

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58399


 JoVE In-Press

High-definition Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopic Imaging of Human Tissue Sections towards Improving Pathology

1Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2Department of Pathology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 3Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 4Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 5Department of Nephrology, University of Illinois at Chicago

JoVE 52332


 Medicine

Partial Bile Duct Ligation in the Mouse: A Controlled Model of Localized Obstructive Cholestasis

1Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University, 2Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 4Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 5Pittsburgh Liver Research Center, University of Pittsburgh, 6McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh

JoVE 56930


 Biology

Isolation of Perivascular Multipotent Precursor Cell Populations from Human Cardiac Tissue

1Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, 2Department of Bioengineering and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 3Research Laboratory of Electronics and Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 4MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, 5Stem Cell Research Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 6Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 7Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UCLA Orthopaedic Hospital, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles

JoVE 54252


 Developmental Biology

Continuous Manual Exchange Transfusion for Patients with Sickle Cell Disease: An Efficient Method to Avoid Iron Overload

1Reference Centre of Sickle Cell Disease, Hematology Unit, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, 2School of Pharmacy, Université Paris Descartes, 3Etablissement Français du Sang, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, 4Hematology Unit,, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, Univsité Paris Diderot

JoVE 55172


 Medicine

Abdominal Exam III: Palpation

JoVE 10089

Source: Alexander Goldfarb, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, MA

Abdominal palpation, if performed correctly, allows for examination of the large and relatively superficial organs; for a skilled examiner, it allows for assessment of the smaller and deeper structures as well. The amount of information that can be obtained by palpation of the abdominal area also depends on the anatomical characteristics of the patient. For example, obesity might make palpation of internal organs difficult and require that additional maneuvers be performed. Abdominal palpation provides valuable information regarding localization of the problem and its severity, as abdominal palpation identifies the areas of tenderness as well as presence of organomegaly and tumors. The specific focus of palpation is driven by the information collected during history taking and other elements of the abdominal exam. Palpation helps to integrate this information and develop the strategy for subsequent diagnostic steps.


 Physical Examinations II

Isolation of Primary Mouse Hepatocytes for Nascent Protein Synthesis Analysis by Non-Radioactive L-Azidohomoalanine Labeling Method

1Department of Pharmacology and Systems Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, 2Division of Endocrinology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3Division of Developmental Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 4Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58323


 JoVE In-Press

A Technique for Subcutaneous Abdominal Adipose Tissue Biopsy via a Non-diathermy Method

1FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, 2Institute of Sport, Faculty of Education, Health and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, 3Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, 4School of Physical Education and Exercise Science, University of Thessaly

JoVE 55593


 Medicine

Human Dupuytren's Ex Vivo Culture for the Study of Myofibroblasts and Extracellular Matrix Interactions

1Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Cancer Genomics Centre and Centre for Biomedical Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, 3Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Academic Medical Center, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 5Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic, 6Department of Dermatology, Leiden University Medical Center

JoVE 52534


 Medicine

Abdominal Exam I: Inspection and Auscultation

JoVE 10088

Source: Alexander Goldfarb, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, MA

Gastrointestinal disease accounts for millions of office visits and hospital admissions annually. Physical examination of the abdomen is a crucial tool in diagnosing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; in addition, it can help identify pathological processes in cardiovascular, urinary, and other systems. As physical examination in general, the examination of the abdominal region is important for establishing physician-patient contact, for reaching the preliminary diagnosis and selecting subsequent laboratory and imaging tests, and determining the urgency of care. As with the other parts of a physical examination, visual inspection and auscultation of the abdomen are done in a systematic fashion so that no potential findings are missed. Special attention should be paid to potential problems already identified by the patient's history. Here we assume that the patient has already been identified, and has had history taken, symptoms discussed, and areas of potential concern identified. In this video we will not review the patient's history; instead, we will go directly to the physical examination. Before we get to the examination, let's briefly review s


 Physical Examinations II

Modeling Ovarian Cancer Multicellular Spheroid Behavior in a Dynamic 3D Peritoneal Microdevice

1School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong, 3Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, 4Department of Biomedical Sciences, Key Laboratory of Biochip Technology, Biotech and Health Centre, Shenzhen Research Institutes of City University of Hong Kong

JoVE 55337


 Bioengineering

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