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DNA Polymerase I: A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in prokaryotes and may be present in higher organisms. It has both 3'-5' and 5'-3' exonuclease activity, but cannot use native double-stranded DNA as template-primer. It is not inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents and is active in both DNA synthesis and repair. EC 2.7.7.7.

Replication in Prokaryotes

JoVE 10788

DNA replication has three main steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. Replication in prokaryotes begins when initiator proteins bind to the single origin of replication (ori) on the cell’s circular chromosome. Replication then proceeds around the entire circle of the chromosome in each direction from two replication forks, resulting in two DNA molecules.

Replication is coordinated and carried out by a host of specialized proteins. Topoisomerase breaks one side of the double-stranded DNA phosphate-sugar backbone, allowing the DNA helix to unwind more rapidly, while helicase breaks the bonds between base pairs at the fork, separating the DNA into two template strands. Proteins that bind single-stranded DNA molecules stabilize the strands as the replication fork travels along the chromosome. DNA can only be synthesized in the 5’ to 3’ direction, so one strand of the template—the leading strand—is elongated continuously, while the other strand—the lagging strand—is synthesized in shorter pieces of 1000-2000 base pairs called Okazaki fragments. Much of the research to understand prokaryotic DNA replication has been performed in the bacterium Escherichia coli, a commonly-used model organism. E. coli has 5 DNA polymerases: Pol I, II, III, IV, and V. Pol III is responsible for the majority of DN

 Core: DNA Structure and Function

Enhanced Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing for Assessment of DNA Methylation at Base Pair Resolution

1Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, 2Institute for Computational Biomedicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, 3Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, 4Department of Pathology, University of Michigan

JoVE 52246

 Biology

Chromatin Interaction Analysis with Paired-End Tag Sequencing (ChIA-PET) for Mapping Chromatin Interactions and Understanding Transcription Regulation

1Genome Institute of Singapore, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, 2A*STAR-Duke-NUS Neuroscience Research Partnership, Singapore, 3Department of Biochemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore

JoVE 3770

 Biology

Promoter Capture Hi-C: High-resolution, Genome-wide Profiling of Promoter Interactions

1Nuclear Dynamics Programme, The Babraham Institute, Babraham Research Campus, 2IJC Building, Campus ICO-Germans Trias i Pujol, Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute, 3Departamento de Genética Molecular, Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 4Bioinformatics Group, The Babraham Institute, Babraham Research Campus, 5Department of Biological Science, Florida State University

JoVE 57320

 Genetics

Proofreading and DNA Repair Assay Using Single Nucleotide Extension and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry Analysis

1Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Medical Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, 3Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Nationwide Children's Hospital and the Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University

JoVE 57862

 Biochemistry

Bidirectional Retroviral Integration Site PCR Methodology and Quantitative Data Analysis Workflow

1UCLA AIDS Institute, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 2Department of Microbiology, Immunology, & Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 3Departments of Biomathematics and Mathematics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 4Personalized Genomic Medicine Research Center, Division of Strategic Research Groups, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 5Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 6Department of Veterinary Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University (OSU)

JoVE 55812

 Genetics
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