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Electrophoresis, Capillary: A highly-sensitive (in the picomolar range, which is 10,000-fold more sensitive than conventional electrophoresis) and efficient technique that allows separation of Proteins; Nucleic acids; and Carbohydrates. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
 Science Education: Essentials of Analytical Chemistry

Capillary Electrophoresis (CE)

JoVE Science Education

Source: Laboratory of Dr. B. Jill Venton - University of Virginia

Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is a separation technique that separates molecules in an electric field according to size and charge. CE is performed in a small glass tube called a capillary that is filled with an electrolyte solution. Analytes are separated due to differences in electrophoretic mobility, which varies with charge, solvent viscosity, and size. Traditional electrophoresis in gels is limited in the amount of voltage that can be applied because Joule heating effects will ruin the gel and the separation. Capillaries have a large surface area-to-volume ratio and thus dissipate heat better. Therefore, the voltages applied for a capillary electrophoresis experiment are quite large, often 10,000–20,000 V. Capillary electrophoresis is useful for high-performance separations. Compared to liquid chromatography, CE separations are often faster and more efficient. However, capillary electrophoresis works best to separate charged molecules, which is not a limitation of liquid chromatography. CE has a greater peak capacity than high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), meaning the separations are more efficient and more peaks can be detected. The instrumentation can be very simple. However, HPLC is more versatile and man

 JoVE In-Press

Bidirectional Retroviral Integration Site PCR Methodology and Quantitative Data Analysis Workflow

1UCLA AIDS Institute, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 2Department of Microbiology, Immunology, & Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 3Departments of Biomathematics and Mathematics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 4Personalized Genomic Medicine Research Center, Division of Strategic Research Groups, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 5Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), 6Department of Veterinary Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University (OSU)

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JoVE 55812

 JoVE Bioengineering

Porous Silicon Microparticles for Delivery of siRNA Therapeutics

1Department of Nanomedicine, Houston Methodist Research Institute, 2MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinorganic and Synthetic Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, 3Pediatrics Department of Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 4CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials & Nanosafety, National Center for Nanoscience & Technology of China, 5Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, 6Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Weill Cornell Medical College


JoVE 52075

 JoVE Neuroscience

Consensus Brain-derived Protein, Extraction Protocol for the Study of Human and Murine Brain Proteome Using Both 2D-DIGE and Mini 2DE Immunoblotting

1Team Alzheimer & Tauopathies, Jean-Pierre Aubert Research Centre, Inserm UMR 837, 2EA 4308-Department of Reproductive Biology-Spermiology-CECOS, CHRU-Lille, 3EA2686-Laboratorie d'Immunologie, Faculté de Médecine - Pôle Recherche, 4Department of Neurology, CHRU-Lille


JoVE 51339

 JoVE In-Press

Initial Evaluation of Antibody-conjugates Modified with Viral-derived Peptides for Increasing Cellular Accumulation and Improving Tumor Targeting

1Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, Université de Sherbrooke, 2Sherbrooke Molecular Imaging Center (CIMS), Université de Sherbrooke, 3Sherbrooke Institute of Pharmacology

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JoVE 55440

 JoVE Biology

An Easy Method for Plant Polysome Profiling

1Laboratoire de Génétique et Biophysique des Plantes, Aix-Marseille Université, 2UMR 7265 Biologie Végétale & Microbiologie Environnementales, CNRS, 3BIAM, CEA, 4Department of Biology, Biocenter, University of Copenhagen, 5Laboratoire de Chimie Bactérienne, 6CNRS, LCB UMR 7283, Aix Marseille Université


JoVE 54231

 JoVE Medicine

An Affordable HIV-1 Drug Resistance Monitoring Method for Resource Limited Settings

1Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, 2Unit D11, Jembi Health Systems, 3Academic Medical Center, Department of Global Health, Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development (AIGHD), University of Amsterdam, 4Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Centre for AIDS Research, Stanford Medical School


JoVE 51242

 JoVE In-Press

Improving Strength, Power, Muscle Aerobic Capacity, and Glucose Tolerance through Short-term Progressive Strength Training among Elderly People

1Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, 2Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, 3Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet

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JoVE 55518

 JoVE Environment

Automated Gel Size Selection to Improve the Quality of Next-generation Sequencing Libraries Prepared from Environmental Water Samples

1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, 2Coastal Genomics, 3British Columbia Public Health Microbiology and Reference Laboratory


JoVE 52685

 JoVE Neuroscience

Isolation of Cerebrospinal Fluid from Rodent Embryos for use with Dissected Cerebral Cortical Explants

1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 2Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Institute for Neuroscience, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 3Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, 4Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston Children's Hospital, 5Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School


JoVE 50333

 JoVE In-Press

The Inverted Heart Model for Interstitial Transudate Collection from the Isolated Rat Heart

1Department of Molecular Cardiology, Heinrich Heine University, 2Department of Anesthesiology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 3Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Pathobiochemistry, German Diabetes Center, Heinrich Heine University

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JoVE 55849

 JoVE In-Press

The C. Elegans Excretory Canal as a Model for Intra-cellular Lumen Morphogenesis and In Vivo Polarized Membrane Biogenesis in a Single Cell

1Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center, Developmental Biology and Genetics Core, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 2College of Life Sciences, Jilin University, 3Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau

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JoVE 56101

 JoVE Genetics

Detection of Copy Number Alterations Using Single Cell Sequencing

1Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 3Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard Medical School, 4The Barbara K. Ostrom (1978) Bioinformatics and Computing Facility in the Swanson Biotechnology Center, Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 5BioMicro Center, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


JoVE 55143

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