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Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.

Perspectives on Experimental Psychology

JoVE 10169

Source: Laboratories of Gary Lewandowski, Dave Strohmetz, and Natalie Ciarocco—Monmouth University

As the Department Chair of Psychology at Monmouth University, I teach primarily upper level undergraduate students who are interested in Experimental Methods. These classes don’t have the same inherent appeal to students. This JoVE Psychology collection will help students vicariously watch the experiments being performed from start to finish, allowing them to gain exposure to over a dozen topics that they may not experience otherwise. Importantly, the videos provide a context for seeing the experiments embedded in their natural states—in the actual research process. A few projects in this Science Education collection stand out. First, I consider the Ethics in Psychological Research video to be very useful in teaching, as it demonstrates how sensitive topics, such as interpersonal violence, can be studied in creative ways. Furthermore, students learn better with topics that they care about and can conceptualize in their personal lives. For example, Observational Research delves into the factors that go into homesickness, going beyond questionnaires and examining the relationship to what individuals actually leave around in their rooms. This design al


 Experimental Psychology

Ethics in Psychology Research

JoVE 10045

Source: Laboratories of Gary Lewandowski, Dave Strohmetz, and Natalie Ciarocco—Monmouth University

When a researcher finds an interesting topic to study such as aggression, the goal is often to study it in a way that is as true to life as possible. However, researchers must act in an ethical manner.  To do this, they must balance their research goals with the best interests of the participants. Ethics often enter into the planning process when researchers identify all of the ways they can manipulate or measure a variable, but then make their final decision based on how they should manipulate or measure a variable. After receiving a poor grade on a test or paper, a college student may appear to take it out on (i.e., act in an aggressive manner toward) their roommates by being mean or nasty, screaming, throwing things, or even becoming physically violent. Aggression is an important human behavior to study and understand due to the implications it has for interpersonal violence. However, for safety reasons, a study cannot expose participants to the risk that serious types of violence presents. As a result, researchers must identify similar but benign behaviors that can help us understand more aggressive behaviors without harming participants.


 Experimental Psychology

fMRI: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

JoVE 5212

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a non-invasive neuroimaging technique used to investigate human brain function and cognition in both healthy individuals and populations with abnormal brain states. Functional MRI utilizes a magnetic resonance signal to detect changes in blood flow that are coupled to neuronal activation when a specific task is performed. This is possible because hemoglobin within the blood has different magnetic properties depending on whether or not it is bound to oxygen. When a certain task is performed, there is an influx of oxygenated blood to brain regions responsible for that function, and this influx can then be detected with specific MRI scan parameters. This phenomenon is termed the blood oxygen level ependent (BOLD) effect, and can be used to create maps of brain activity. This video begins with a brief overview of how MRI and fMRI signal is obtained. Then, basic experimental design is reviewed, which involves first setting up a stimulus presentation that is specifically designed to test the function that will be mapped. Next, key steps involved in performing the fMRI scan are introduced, including subject safety and setting up at the scanner. Commonly used steps for data processing are then presented, including pre-processing and statistical analysis with the general linear


 Neuroscience

Development and Implementation of a Multi-Disciplinary Technology Enhanced Care Pathway for Youth and Adults with Concussion

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 2Center for Neurological Restoration, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 3Office of Clinical Transformation, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 4Concussion Center, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 5Neurological Institute Center for Outcomes Research, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 6Quantitative Health Sciences, Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58962


 JoVE In-Press

Characterization of the Sense of Agency over the Actions of Neural-machine Interface-operated Prostheses

1Laboratory for Bionic Integration, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 2Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, 4Advanced Platform Technology Center of Excellence, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58702


 JoVE In-Press

Design and Implementation of a Bespoke Robotic Manipulator for Extra-corporeal Ultrasounds

1School of Biomedical Engineering & Imaging Sciences, King's College London, 2Xtronics Ltd, 3Department of Informatics, King's College London, 4Faculty of Science & Engineering, Queen Mary University of London

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58811


 JoVE In-Press

Detection of a Circulating MicroRNA Custom Panel in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

1Biosciences Laboratory, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) IRCCS, 2Department of Medical Oncology, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) IRCCS, 3Unit of Biostatistics and Clinical Trials, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) IRCCS

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58615


 JoVE In-Press

Visualization of Amyloid β Deposits in the Human Brain with Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Imaging Mass Spectrometry

1Department of Life and Medical Systems, Doshisha University, 2Bruker Daltonics K.K., 3The Brain Bank for Aging Research, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital and Institute of Gerontology, 4Graduate School of Brain Science, Doshisha University

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57645


 JoVE In-Press

Conducting Hyperscanning Experiments with Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

1Child Neuropsychology Section, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, 2JARA-Brain Institute II, Molecular Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, RWTH Aachen & Research Centre Juelich, 3Lehrstuhl II für Mathematik, RWTH Aachen University, 4Translational Brain Research in Psychiatry and Neurology, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Aachen

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58807


 JoVE In-Press

The Combined Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Robotic Therapy for the Upper Limb

1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Instituto de Reabilitação Lucy Montoro, 2Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School

JoVE 58495


 Neuroscience

Semi-quantitative Assessment Using [18F]FDG Tracer in Patients with Severe Brain Injury

1Division of Neurosurgery, Rehabilitation Center for Traumatic Apallics Chiba, National Agency for Automotive Safety and Victims' Aid, 2Division of PET imaging, Rehabilitation Center for Traumatic Apallics Chiba, National Agency for Automotive Safety and Victims' Aid, 3Tokyo Nuclear Services Co. Ltd., 4Department of Neurological Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58641


 JoVE In-Press

Analyzing Neural Activity and Connectivity Using Intracranial EEG Data with SPM Software

1Kokoro Research Center, Kyoto University, 2Brain Activity Imaging Center, Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International, 3Department of Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry, Habilitation and Rehabilitation, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 4National Epilepsy Center, 5Shizuoka Institute of Epilepsy and Neurological Disorders, 6Department of System Neuroscience, Sapporo Medical University, 7Faculty of Human Health Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58187


 JoVE In-Press

Effectiveness of the Air Stripping in Two Salmonid Fish, Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss) and Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta Morpha fario)

1Department of Gamete and Embryo Biology, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Science, 2Department of Salmonid Fish Research, The Stanisław Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute

JoVE 56894


 Developmental Biology

Evaluation of the Feasibility, Safety, and Accuracy of an Intraoperative High-intensity Focused Ultrasound Device for Treating Liver Metastases

1Department of Surgical Oncology, Centre Léon Bérard, 2Applications des ultrasons à la thérapie (LabTAU), Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM), Centre Léon Bérard, Université Lyon 1, Université Lyon, 3Biostatistics and Treatment Evaluation Unit, Centre Léon Bérard

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57964


 JoVE In-Press

Electromagnetic Navigation Transthoracic Nodule Localization for Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery

1Section of Interventional Pulmonology, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2Section of Thoracic Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58405


 JoVE In-Press

Immunostimulatory Agent Evaluation: Lymphoid Tissue Extraction and Injection Route-Dependent Dendritic Cell Activation

1Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, 2Department of Medical Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, 3Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, 4Marine-integrated Bionics Research Center, Pukyong National University, 5Department of Biochemistry, Chungbuk National University, 6Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center

JoVE 57640


 Immunology and Infection

Generation of Human 3D Lung Tissue Cultures (3D-LTCs) for Disease Modeling

1Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität and Helmholtz Zentrum Munich, 2German Center of Lung Research (DZL), 3Translational Lung Research and CPC-M bioArchive, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich DZL/CPC-M, 4Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lung Bioengineering and Regeneration, Lund University, 5Wallenberg Center for Molecular Medicine, Lund University, 6Stem Cell Centre, Lund University, 7Asklepios Fachkliniken Munich-Gauting, 8Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58437


 JoVE In-Press

Transdermal Measurement of Glomerular Filtration Rate in Mice

1Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, University of Liverpool, 3MediBeacon GmbH, 4Department of Veterinary Pathology and Public Health, Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool

JoVE 58520


 Medicine

Characterization of Human Monocyte Subsets by Whole Blood Flow Cytometry Analysis

1Department of Surgery, Vascular Biology Research Centre, Westmead Hospital, 2Westmead Clinical School, Department of Surgery, The University of Sydney, 3Westmead Research Hub, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, 4Institute for Clinical Pathology and Medical Research, Westmead Hospital

JoVE 57941


 Immunology and Infection

Vagus Nerve Stimulation As an Adjunctive Neurostimulation Tool in Treatment-Resistant Depression

1Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, 2Universitätsklinikum Bonn AöR, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie, 3Universitätsklinik für Neurochirurgie am Evangelischen Krankenhaus Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, 4Klinik für Neurodegenerative Erkrankungen und Gerontopsychiatrie, Abteilung für medizinische Psychologie, Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, 5Psychiatrische und Psychotherapeutische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58264


 JoVE In-Press

Using 22C3 Anti-PD-L1 Antibody Concentrate on Biopsy and Cytology Samples from Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients

1Laboratory of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, Pasteur Hospital, Hospital University Federation OncoAge, Université Côte d’Azur, 2Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging in Nice (Inserm U1081 and CNRS 7284), Université Côte d’Azur, 3Hospital-Integrated Biobank (BB-0033-00025), Pasteur Hospital, Université Côte d’Azur

JoVE 58082


 Cancer Research

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