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Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of Food including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.

Enzyme Activity- Concept

JoVE 10585

Biological Catalysts

All living organisms continuously perform numerous biochemical reactions to sustain their presence. Most of these reactions require an input of energy to start, which is called the activation energy. Catalysts are chemicals that lower the activation energy. Even though catalysts facilitate a chemical reaction, they are not consumed by it. This means a catalyst …

 Lab Bio

Lysogenic Cycle of Bacteriophages

JoVE 10824

In contrast to the lytic cycle, phages infecting bacteria via the lysogenic cycle do not immediately kill their host cell. Instead, they combine their genome with the host genome, allowing the bacteria to replicate the phage DNA along with the bacterial genome. The incorporated copy of the phage genome is called the prophage. Some prophages can re-activate and enter the lytic cycle. This often occurs in response to a perturbation, such as DNA damage, but can also transpire in the absence of external cues. In some cases, the genes encoded by prophages can alter the phenotype of the infected bacterium, a process known as lysogenic conversion. Some phages encode proteins or toxins called virulence factors that can facilitate bacterial infections. Through lysogenic conversion, normally non-pathogenic bacteria can become highly virulent via infection by a phage carrying virulence factors. For example, such phages are largely responsible for the pathogenicity of the bacterial species that cause botulism (Clostridium botulinum), diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae), and cholera (Vibrio cholerae). Without lysogenic conversion, these bacteria do not usually cause disease. A particularly well-studied example of lysogenic conversion is that of the Escherichia coli strain O157:H7. Several massive food recalls have stemmed

 Core: Viruses

A Method to Assess Bacteriocin Effects on the Gut Microbiota of Mice

1Departamento de Biotecnología, Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (IATA), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), 2Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), 3Departamento de Nutrición, Bromatología y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), 4Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)

JoVE 56053

 Biology

Preparation of High-Quality Fermented Fish Product

1State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Food Safety and Quality Control in Jiangsu Province, Jiangnan University, 2The Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University

JoVE 60265

 Biochemistry

Study on the Metabolism of Six Systemic Insecticides in a Newly Established Cell Suspension Culture Derived from Tea (Camellia Sinensis L.) Leaves

1State Key Laboratory of Tea Plant Biology and Utilization, School of Tea and Food Science & Technology, Anhui Province Key Lab of Analysis and Detection for Food Safety, 2School of Resource & Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Agri-food Safety of Anhui Province

JoVE 59312

 Biochemistry

A Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay for Rapid Identification of Bemisia tabaci

1Department of Method Development and Analytics, Agroscope, 2Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, 3University of Basel, 4Swiss Federal Plant Protection Service, Federal Office for Agriculture, 5OptiGene Limited, 6Fera Science Limited, 7School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, 8Department of Plants and Plant Products, Agroscope

JoVE 58502

 Environment

Development of an Electrochemical DNA Biosensor to Detect a Foodborne Pathogen

1Laboratory of Food Safety and Food Integrity, Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 2Laboratory of Functional Device, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 4La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University

JoVE 56585

 Bioengineering

Cardiopulmonary Bypass in a Mouse Model: A Novel Approach

1Department of Cardiothoracic, Transplantation, and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, 2Department of Hematology, Oncology, Immunology, Rheumatology, and Pulmonology, University Hospital Tuebingen, 3Department of Pneumology, Hannover Medical School

JoVE 56017

 Medicine

Analysis of Chromosome Segregation, Histone Acetylation, and Spindle Morphology in Horse Oocytes

1Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, University of Milan, 2IRCCS. Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, 3PRC, CNRS, IFCE, Université de Tours, INRA, 4PAO, INRA, 5Clinique des Animaux de Compagnie et des Équidés, Université de Liège, 6University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

JoVE 55242

 Developmental Biology

The Use of a β-lactamase-based Conductimetric Biosensor Assay to Detect Biomolecular Interactions

1Life Science Department, University of Liège, 2Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanoscience, Catholic University of Louvain, 3Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology, Catholic University of Louvain, 4Biotechnology Department, CER Group

JoVE 55414

 Bioengineering

Generation of Monoclonal Antibodies Against Natural Products

1School of Life Science, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 2Third Affiliated Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 3School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 4School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 5Center of Scientific Experiment, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine

JoVE 57116

 Immunology and Infection

Colorimetric Paper-based Detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes from Large Volumes of Agricultural Water

1Department of Animal Science, University of Wyoming, 2Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, 3Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, 4Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, 5Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, 6Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 7Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, McGill University

JoVE 51414

 Environment

Towards Biomimicking Wood: Fabricated Free-standing Films of Nanocellulose, Lignin, and a Synthetic Polycation

1Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science, Virginia Tech, 2Macromolecules and Interfaces Institute, Virginia Tech, 3Institute for Food Safety and Health, Illinois Institute of Technology- Moffett Campus, 4Wood, Cellulose, and Paper Research Department, University of Guadalajara, 5Department of Sustainable Biomaterials, Virginia Tech, 6Sustainable Nanotechnology Interdisciplinary Graduate Education Program, Virginia Tech

JoVE 51257

 Chemistry

The Portable Chemical Sterilizer (PCS), D-FENS, and D-FEND ALL: Novel Chlorine Dioxide Decontamination Technologies for the Military

1United States Army-Natick Soldier RD&E Center, Warfighter Directorate, 2Department of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Connecticut Health Center, 3Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 4Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute

JoVE 4354

 Bioengineering
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