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Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a Genome. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of Chromosome 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or Hereditary disease.

Genetic Lingo

JoVE 10771

An organism is diploid if it inherits two variants, or alleles, of each gene, one from each parent. These two alleles constitute the genotype for a given gene. The term genotype is also used to refer to an organism’s complete set of genes. A diploid organism with two identical alleles has a homozygous genotype, whereas two different alleles indicates a heterozygous genotype. Observable traits arising from genotypes are called phenotypes, which can also be influenced by environmental factors. An allele is dominant if only one copy is needed to manifest an associated phenotype and recessive if two copies are required for phenotypic expression. Diploid organisms, including humans, most other animals, and many plants, have a duplicate set of chromosomes in somatic (non-sex) cells. These chromosome duplicates are homologous, with similar lengths, centromere positions, and gene locations. Diploid organisms inherit two versions of each gene, one from each parent. These two gene variants, or alleles, are situated at the same relative locus, or position, on two homologous chromosomes. Each chromosome contains many genetic loci, and there are often several possible alleles of a given gene. The two alleles inherited by a diploid organism constitute its genotype at the locus. The term genotype also refers to an organism’s total set of g

 Core: Classical and Modern Genetics

Genetics of Organisms- Concept

JoVE 10557

Mendelian Genetics

Evolution is caused by changes in the genetic composition of populations. In the field of population genetics, scientists model this process as changes in the frequency of alleles at individual genetic loci. This simple representation of how evolution occurs dates to Gregor Mendel’s analysis of trait inheritance patterns in pea plants, first presented in 1865.…

 Lab Bio

Identification of Mouse and Human Antibody Repertoires by Next-Generation Sequencing

1Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 2Center for Influenza Virus Research, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 3School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, 4Department of Pathology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 5Division of Infectious Diseases Pathology, Department of Global Infectious Diseases, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 6Division of Molecular Pathobiology, Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, 7Division of Collaboration and Education, Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, 8Global Station for Zoonosis Control, GI-CoRE, Hokkaido University, 9Department of Immunology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 10Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba

JoVE 58804

 Immunology and Infection

Repressing Gene Transcription by Redirecting Cellular Machinery with Chemical Epigenetic Modifiers

1Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, University of North Carolina, 2College of Arts and Sciences, Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, University of North Carolina, 3Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Pharmacological Sciences and Oncological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 4Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina

JoVE 58222

 Bioengineering

Induction of Nephrotic Syndrome in Mice by Retrobulbar Injection of Doxorubicin and Prevention of Volume Retention by Sustained Release Aprotinin

1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Vascular Disease, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Tübingen, 2Institute of Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases (IDM) of the Helmholtz Center Munich, University Tübingen, 3German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), University Tübingen

JoVE 57642

 Medicine

Expression of Fluorescent Proteins in Branchiostoma lanceolatum by mRNA Injection into Unfertilized Oocytes

1Département de Biologie du Développement et Cellules Souches, Institut Pasteur, 2Laboratoire de Biologie du Développement de Villefranche-sur-Mer (UMR7009 CNRS/UPMC Univ Paris 06), Sorbonne Universités, 3Equipe Epigenetic Control of Normal and Pathological Hematopoiesis, Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie de Marseille, 4Unité de Dynamique des Interactions Membranaires Normales et Pathologiques, CNRS UMR5235/DAA/cc107/Université Montpellier II, 5Plateforme BioEmergences IBiSA FBI, CNRS-NED, Institut de Neurobiologie Alfred Fessard

JoVE 52042

 Developmental Biology

A Protocol for Comprehensive Assessment of Bulbar Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

1Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, 2ALS/ MN Clinic, Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, 3Department of Special Education and Communication Disorders, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 4Department of Neurology, Munroe-Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 5Department of Neurology, University of Toronto

JoVE 2422

 Medicine
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