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Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)

An Introduction to Developmental Genetics

JoVE 5325

Development is the complex process through which a single-celled embryo transforms into a multicellular organism. Developmental processes are guided by information encoded in an organism\'s DNA, and geneticists are trying to understand how this information leads to a fully formed organism.

This video reviews seminal research in the field of developmental biology, including the identification of specific genes that control various embryonic processes. An introduction to the major questions asked by developmental geneticists, and the prominent methods used to answer them, is also provided. Finally, several applications of these prominent methods are discussed, in order to show specific experiments currently being performed in this field.


 Developmental Biology

An Overview of Genetics and Disease

JoVE 5543

Many human diseases are associated with mutations or variations in genetic sequences. Some of these genetic variants are heritable, passed down from generation to generation, while others arise sporadically during an organism’s life and cause diseases such as cancer. Researchers are trying to identify and characterize these genetic alterations in the hopes of improving diagnosis and therapeutic options for patients.In this video, we will examine the history of genetic disease research, and explore key questions asked by medical geneticists. Various tools used to identify the genetic basis of diseases are then discussed, including genotyping techniques and genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Finally, several current examples of medical genetics research are presented.


 Genetics

The C. elegans Excretory Canal as a Model for Intracellular Lumen Morphogenesis and In Vivo Polarized Membrane Biogenesis in a Single Cell: labeling by GFP-fusions, RNAi Interaction Screen and Imaging

1Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center, Developmental Biology and Genetics Core, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Harvard Medical School, 2College of Life Sciences, Jilin University, 3Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau

JoVE 56101


 Developmental Biology

Promoter Capture Hi-C: High-resolution, Genome-wide Profiling of Promoter Interactions

1Nuclear Dynamics Programme, The Babraham Institute, Babraham Research Campus, 2IJC Building, Campus ICO-Germans Trias i Pujol, Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute, 3Departamento de Genética Molecular, Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 4Bioinformatics Group, The Babraham Institute, Babraham Research Campus, 5Department of Biological Science, Florida State University

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57320


 JoVE In-Press

Enhanced Genome Editing with Cas9 Ribonucleoprotein in Diverse Cells and Organisms

1Department of Molecular Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, 2Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, 3Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, 4Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Francisco, 5Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, 6Diabetes Center, University of California, San Francisco, 7Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, 8Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 9UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, 10Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley

JoVE 57350


 Genetics

Genetic Manipulation of the Plant Pathogen Ustilago maydis to Study Fungal Biology and Plant Microbe Interactions

1Institute for Microbiology, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, 2Bioeconomy Science Center (BioSC), 3Department of Genetics, Institute of Applied Biosciences, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 4Cluster of Excellence in Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf

JoVE 54522


 Genetics

The C. elegans Intestine As a Model for Intercellular Lumen Morphogenesis and In Vivo Polarized Membrane Biogenesis at the Single-cell Level: Labeling by Antibody Staining, RNAi Loss-of-function Analysis and Imaging

1Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center, Developmental Biology and Genetics Core, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 2College of Life Sciences, Jilin University, 3Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau

JoVE 56100


 Developmental Biology

Targeted Next-generation Sequencing and Bioinformatics Pipeline to Evaluate Genetic Determinants of Constitutional Disease

1Robarts Research Institute, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, 2Department of Biochemistry, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, 3Analytic and Translational Genetics Unit, Center for Genomic Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Stanley Centre for Psychiatric Research, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 4Tanz Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Toronto, 5School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen's University, 6Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ottawa, 7CHEO Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 8Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, Western University, 9Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 10Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, 11Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, 12Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, 13Parkwood Institute, St. Joseph's Health Care, 14Department of Medicine, Division of Neurology, McMaster University, 15Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Baycrest Health Sciences, 16Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery Sunnybrook Site, Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, University of Toronto

JoVE 57266


 Genetics

The Replica Set Method: A High-throughput Approach to Quantitatively Measure Caenorhabditis elegans Lifespan

1Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, 2Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 3Non-Clinical Statistics, Bristol-Myers Squibb, 4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57819


 JoVE In-Press

Caenorhabditis Sieve: A Low-tech Instrument and Methodology for Sorting Small Multicellular Organisms

1Department of Biology and Wildlife, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 4Departments of Biology and Chemistry, Earlham College, 5Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Science and Mathematics, California State University Long Beach

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58014


 JoVE In-Press

Purification of Transcripts and Metabolites from Drosophila Heads

1Department of Neurology, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, 2Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, 3Genetics Institute, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Florida, 4McKnight Brain Institute, Department of Neuroscience, Genetics Institute, Center for Translational Research on Neurodegenerative Diseases, and Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration, University of Florida

JoVE 50245


 Biology

Assessment of DNA Contamination in RNA Samples Based on Ribosomal DNA

1Genetic and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute of Tabarestan (GABIT), Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU), 2Department of Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetics Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), 3Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, 4RG Abiotic Stress Genomics/ RG Heterosis, Department Molecular Genetics, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK)

JoVE 55451


 Genetics

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