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Guanine Nucleotides:

Generation, Amplification, and Titration of Recombinant Respiratory Syncytial Viruses

1UMR 1173 Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM), Université de Versailles St. Quentin, 2UR892 Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), Unité de virologie et immunologie moléculaires, 3Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Laboratoire de Microbiologie

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JoVE 59218


 JoVE In-Press

Genetic Screens

JoVE 5542

Genetic screens are critical tools for defining gene function and understanding gene interactions. Screens typically involve mutating genes and then assessing the affected organisms for phenotypes of interest. The process can be “forward”, where mutations are generated randomly to identify unknown genes responsible for the phenotypes, or it can be “reverse”, where specific genes are targeted for mutation to observe what phenotypes are produced.Here, JoVE reviews various types of genetic screens, including those that depend on either loss-of-function or gain-of-function mutations, which respectively decrease or increase the activity of genes. We then explore general protocols for forward and reverse screens in a popular model organism, the nematode worm. Finally, we highlight how screens are applied in research today, for example to better understand gene interactions that may contribute to neurodegenerative diseases.


 Genetics

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