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Multiple Sclerosis: An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see Multiple sclerosis, Relapsing-remitting), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see Multiple sclerosis, Chronic progressive) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

Adapted Resistance Training Improves Strength in Eight Weeks in Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

1Motion Analysis Laboratory, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 2Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 3Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 4Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

JoVE 53449


 Medicine

Determining Immune System Suppression versus CNS Protection for Pharmacological Interventions in Autoimmune Demyelination

1Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 2Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 3Department of Neurobiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 4Center for Glial Biology and Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham

JoVE 54348


 Immunology and Infection

Derivation of Glial Restricted Precursors from E13 mice

1Hugo W. Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Johns Hopkins University, 2Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 3University of Maryland, 4Experimental Neurology, Biogen Idec, 5The Brain Science Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 6Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

JoVE 3462


 Neuroscience

Utilizing 3D Printing Technology to Merge MRI with Histology: A Protocol for Brain Sectioning

1Translational Neuroradiology Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2Cerebral Microcirculation Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 3Viral Immunology Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

JoVE 54780


 Neuroscience

Antibody Binding Specificity for Kappa (Vκ) Light Chain-containing Human (IgM) Antibodies: Polysialic Acid (PSA) Attached to NCAM as a Case Study

1Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 2Mayo Clinic Center for Multiple Sclerosis and Autoimmune Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 3Center for Regenerative Medicine, Neuroregeneration, Mayo Clinic, 4Division of Neonatal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 5Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic

JoVE 54139


 Immunology and Infection

Induction of Paralysis and Visual System Injury in Mice by T Cells Specific for Neuromyelitis Optica Autoantigen Aquaporin-4

1Department of Neurology, University of California, 2Program in Immunology, University of California, 3Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, 4Department of Pathology, Stanford University

JoVE 56185


 Immunology and Infection

Characterizing Multiscale Mechanical Properties of Brain Tissue Using Atomic Force Microscopy, Impact Indentation, and Rheometry

1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 4Department of Neurology, The F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School

JoVE 54201


 Neuroscience

Development and Implementation of a Multi-Disciplinary Technology Enhanced Care Pathway for Youth and Adults with Concussion

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 2Center for Neurological Restoration, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 3Office of Clinical Transformation, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 4Concussion Center, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 5Neurological Institute Center for Outcomes Research, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 6Quantitative Health Sciences, Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58962


 JoVE In-Press

Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Optokinetic Response As Structural and Functional Visual System Readouts in Mice and Rats

1Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, 2Department of Cell Physiology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 3Division of Neuroinflammation and Glial Biology, Department of Neurology, University of California San Francisco

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58571


 JoVE In-Press

Morphology-Based Distinction Between Healthy and Pathological Cells Utilizing Fourier Transforms and Self-Organizing Maps

1Department of Chemical and Product Safety, German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), 2Deutsches Rheuma-Forschungszentrum (DRFZ) Berlin, a Leibniz Institute, 3Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 4Applied Systems Biology, Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology Hans Knöll Institute

JoVE 58543


 Cancer Research

In Vitro Differentiation of Mouse Granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating Factor (GM-CSF)-producing T Helper (THGM) Cells

1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 2Immunology Programme, Life Sciences Institute, National University of Singapore, 3Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore

JoVE 58087


 Immunology and Infection

Rat Model of Widespread Cerebral Cortical Demyelination Induced by an Intracerebral Injection of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines

1Research Unit of Experimental Neurotraumatology, Institute of Neurosurgery, Medical University Graz, 2Department of Neurology, Medical University Graz, 3Centre for Molecular Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, 4Centre for Molecular Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57879


 JoVE In-Press

Home-Based Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Device Development: An Updated Protocol Used at Home in Healthy Subjects and Fibromyalgia Patients

1Post-Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), 2Laboratory of Pain & Neuromodulation, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), 3School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), 4Faculdade de Desenvolvimento do Rio Grande do Sul (FADERGS), Health and Wellness School Laureate International Universities, 5Biomedical Engineering Department, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), 6Pharmacology Department, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), 7Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, 8Spaulding Neuromodulation Center, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, 9Pain and Palliative Care Service, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), 10Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)

JoVE 57614


 Medicine

In Vivo Morphometric Analysis of Human Cranial Nerves Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Menière's Disease Ears and Normal Hearing Ears

1Department of Radiology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, SLK-Kliniken Heilbronn GmbH, 3Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Hospital Munich, German Centre for Vertigo and Balance Disorder

JoVE 57091


 Medicine

Regenerative Therapy by Suprachoroidal Cell Autograft in Dry Age-related Macular Degeneration: Preliminary In Vivo Report

1Low Vision Research Centre of Milan, 2Department of Ophthalmology, A. Fiorini Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 3Glaucoma and Low Vision Study Center, Department of General Surgery and Organ Transplants, University of Bologna, 4Department of Sense Organs, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, Sapienza University of Rome

JoVE 56469


 Medicine

Sample Preparation for Endopeptidomic Analysis in Human Cerebrospinal Fluid

1Inst. of Neuroscience and Physiology, Dept. of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, 2Clinical Neurochemistry Laboratory, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 3Department of Molecular Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology

JoVE 56244


 Neuroscience

Fiber Connections of the Supplementary Motor Area Revisited: Methodology of Fiber Dissection, DTI, and Three Dimensional Documentation

1Department of Neurosurgery, University of Minnesota, 2Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Josephs Hospital and Medical Center, 3Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 4Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota, 5Department of Neurosurgery, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, 6Department of Neurosurgery, Cerrahpasa Medical School, University of Istanbul

JoVE 55681


 Neuroscience

Battery of Behavioral Tests Assessing General Locomotion, Muscular Strength, and Coordination in Mice

1Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen's University, 2Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, 3Medical Genetics/ Department of Pediatrics, Kingston General Hospital, Centre for Neuroscience Studies, and Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University

JoVE 55491


 Behavior

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