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Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by Muscle contraction. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a Muscle strength dynamometer.

Adapted Resistance Training Improves Strength in Eight Weeks in Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

1Motion Analysis Laboratory, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 2Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 3Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 4Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

JoVE 53449

 Medicine

Shoulder Exam II

JoVE 10185

Source: Robert E. Sallis, MD. Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, California, USA


The shoulder exam continues by checking the strength of the rotator cuff muscles and biceps tendons. The rotator cuff muscles (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis) act as compressors, holding the humeral head in place against the glenoid.…

 Physical Examinations III

Motor Exam I

JoVE 10052

Source:Tracey A. Milligan, MD; Tamara B. Kaplan, MD; Neurology, Brigham and Women's/Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA


Abnormalities in the motor function are associated with a wide range of diseases, from movement disorders and myopathies to strokes. The motor assessment starts with observation of the patient.…

 Physical Examinations III

Ankle Exam

JoVE 10191

Source: Robert E. Sallis, MD. Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, California, USA


The ankle and foot provide the foundation for the body and the stability needed for upright posture and ambulation. Because of its weight-bearing function, the ankle joint is a common site of injury among athletes and in the general population. Ankle injuries occur…

 Physical Examinations III

Foot Exam

JoVE 10192

Source: Robert E. Sallis, MD. Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, California, USA


The foot is a complex structure composed of numerous bones and articulations. It provides flexibility, is the essential contact point needed for ambulation, and is uniquely suited to absorb shock. Because the foot must support the weight of the entire body, it is…

 Physical Examinations III

Wrist and Hand Examination

JoVE 10242

Source: Robert E. Sallis, MD. Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, California, USA


The wrist is a complex joint made up of 8 carpal bones and their numerous articulations and ligaments. Overlying the wrist are the tendons and muscles of the hand and fingers. The hand is made up of 5 metacarpal bones, and the tendons that run to the hand overlie…

 Physical Examinations III

Neck Exam

JoVE 10180

Source: Robert E. Sallis, MD. Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, California, USA


Examination of the neck can be a challenge because of the many bones, joints, and ligaments that make up the underlying cervical spine. The cervical spine is composed of seven vertebrae stacked in gentle C-shaped curve. The anterior part of each vertebra is made up…

 Physical Examinations III

Palpation

JoVE 10143

Source: Jaideep S. Talwalkar, MD, Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT


The physical examination requires the use of all of the provider's senses to gain information about the patient. The sense of touch is utilized to obtain diagnostic information through palpation.


 Physical Examinations I

Surface Electromyographic Biofeedback as a Rehabilitation Tool for Patients with Global Brachial Plexus Injury Receiving Bionic Reconstruction

1Clinical Laboratory for Bionic Extremity Reconstruction, Medical University of Vienna, 2Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 3Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, 4Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna

JoVE 59839

 Neuroscience

Structured Motor Rehabilitation After Selective Nerve Transfers

1Clinical Laboratory for Bionic Extremity Reconstruction, Medical University of Vienna, 2Bioengineering Department, Imperial College London, 3Master's Degree Program Health Assisting Engineering, University of Applied Sciences FH Campus Wien, 4Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 5Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna

JoVE 59840

 Medicine

Home-Based Prescribed Pulmonary Exercise in Patients with Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

1School of Rehabilitation Science, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 3Department of Sports Medicine, Shanghai University of Sport, 4Department of Respiratory Medicine, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine

JoVE 59765

 Behavior

The Lower Body Positive Pressure Treadmill for Knee Osteoarthritis Rehabilitation

1Department of Rehabilitation, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 2Experiment Education Model Center of Rehabilitation Medicine, Guangzhou Medical University, 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geisinger Health System, 4Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University School of Medicine

JoVE 59829

 Medicine

Measurements of Motor Function and Other Clinical Outcome Parameters in Ambulant Children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

1Division of Pediatric Neurology, University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB), University of Basel, 2Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, 3Division of Neurology, University Clinic of Medicine, Cantonal Hospital Baselland, Bruderholz, 4Division of Pediatric Neurology, CHUV, 5Division of Neuropaediatrics, Inselspital, University Children's Hospital Bern, 6Department of Radiology, Division of Radiological Physics, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, 7Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Femme-Mère-Enfant, L'Escale, Service de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation Pédiatrique

JoVE 58784

 Medicine

The Combined Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Robotic Therapy for the Upper Limb

1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Instituto de Reabilitação Lucy Montoro, 2Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School

JoVE 58495

 Neuroscience

An Objective and Child-friendly Assessment of Arm Function by Using a 3-D Sensor

1Data Science, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development Informatics, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., 2Translational Technologies and Bioinformatics, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., 3Biomarker Experimental Medicine, Neuroscience, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., 4Division of Neuropediatrics, University of Basel Children's Hospital, 5Department of Neurology, University of Basel Hospital, 6Translational Medicine, Neuroscience and Rare Diseases, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.

JoVE 57014

 Behavior

Non-invasive Assessment of Dorsiflexor Muscle Function in Mice

1School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 2Centre for Molecular and Medical Research, School of Medicine, Deakin University, 3Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 4Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 5Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Microbiology, La Trobe University

JoVE 58696

 Medicine

Systemic Delivery of MicroRNA Using Recombinant Adeno-associated Virus Serotype 9 to Treat Neuromuscular Diseases in Rodents

1Neurogenetics Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 2Section on Nervous System Development and Plasticity, The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 3Department of Molecular Biosciences, Rice Institute for Biomedical Research, Northwestern University, 4Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford

JoVE 55724

 Genetics

Human Vastus Lateralis Skeletal Muscle Biopsy Using the Weil-Blakesley Conchotome

1Academic Geriatric Medicine, University of Southampton, University Hospital Southampton, 2National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Center, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, 3MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, 4National Institute for Health Research Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, University of Oxford, 5National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care, 6Newcastle University Institute of Ageing and Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University

JoVE 53075

 Medicine
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