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Nervous System: The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)

Imaging Subcellular Structures in the Living Zebrafish Embryo

1Institute of Neuronal Cell Biology, Technische Universität München, 2Cell Biology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, 3Faculty of Biology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität-München, 4Adolf-Butenandt-Institute, Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität-München, 5German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, 6Laboratory of Brain Development and Repair, The Rockefeller University

JoVE 53456


 Developmental Biology

Partial Optic Nerve Transection in Rats: A Model Established with a New Operative Approach to Assess Secondary Degeneration of Retinal Ganglion Cells

1Aier School of Ophthalmology, Central South University, Changsha, China, 2Institute of Immunology, Tsinghua University School of Medicine, Beijing, China, 3Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Beijing, China, 4Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Beijing, China

JoVE 56272


 Neuroscience

Intracranial Subarachnoidal Route of Infection for Investigating Roles of Streptococcus suis Biofilms in Meningitis in a Mouse Infection Model

1College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, 2Key Lab of Animal Bacteriology, Ministry of Agriculture, 3OIE Reference Lab for Swine Streptococcosis, 4School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 5Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses

JoVE 57658


 Immunology and Infection

Novel Passive Clearing Methods for the Rapid Production of Optical Transparency in Whole CNS Tissue

1Department of Neurosurgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 2Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University, 3The Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, Biomedical Center, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 4Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

JoVE 57123


 Neuroscience

Vagus Nerve Stimulation As an Adjunctive Neurostimulation Tool in Treatment-Resistant Depression

1Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, 2Universitätsklinikum Bonn AöR, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie, 3Universitätsklinik für Neurochirurgie am Evangelischen Krankenhaus Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, 4Klinik für Neurodegenerative Erkrankungen und Gerontopsychiatrie, Abteilung für medizinische Psychologie, Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, 5Psychiatrische und Psychotherapeutische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58264


 JoVE In-Press

Isolation of Leukocytes from the Murine Tissues at the Maternal-Fetal Interface

1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 2School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Research Centre for Reproductive Health, the Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, 3Department of Immunology & Microbiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 4Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD/NIH/DHHS

JoVE 52866


 Immunology and Infection

Method for Identifying Small Molecule Inhibitors of the Protein-protein Interaction Between HCN1 and TRIP8b

1Davee Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurosciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 2Center for Molecular Innovation and Drug Discovery, Northwestern University, 3Department of Pharmacology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 4High Throughput Analysis Laboratory, Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, 5Department of Physiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University

JoVE 54540


 Biochemistry

New Application of an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet as a Neuro-protective Agent Against Glucose Deprivation-induced Injury of SH-SY5Y Cells

1Department of Pathophysiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute/Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 2School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, 3Beijing Key Laboratory of Central Nervous System Injury, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 4Beijing Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine for Cerebrovascular Disease, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 5China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University

JoVE 56323


 Engineering

A Novel In Vitro Model of Blast Traumatic Brain Injury

1Anaesthetics, Pain Medicine and Intensive Care Section, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, 2Royal British Legion Centre for Blast Injury Studies, Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, 3Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, 4Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, 5Department of Anaesthetics, Royal Berkshire Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 6Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Medical Directorate Joint Force Command

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58400


 JoVE In-Press

Isolation of Leukocytes from the Human Maternal-fetal Interface

1Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD/NIH/DHHS, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, 3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, 4Department of Molecular Obstetrics and Genetics, Wayne State University, 5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 6Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine

JoVE 52863


 Immunology and Infection

Cranial Nerves Exam I (I-VI)

JoVE 10091

Source:Tracey A. Milligan, MD; Tamara B. Kaplan, MD; Neurology, Brigham and Women's/Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

During each section of the neurological testing, the examiner uses the powers of observation to assess the patient. In some cases, cranial nerve dysfunction is readily apparent: a patient might mention a characteristic chief complaint (such as loss of smell or diplopia), or a visually evident physical sign of cranial nerve involvement, such as in facial nerve palsy. However, in many cases a patient's history doesn't directly suggest cranial nerve pathologies, as some of them (such as sixth nerve palsy) may have subtle manifestations and can only be uncovered by a careful neurological exam. Importantly, a variety of pathological conditions that are associated with alterations in mental status (such as some neurodegenerative disorders or brain lesions) can also cause cranial nerve dysfunction; therefore, any abnormal findings during a mental status exam should prompt a careful and complete neurological exam. The cranial nerve examination is applied neuroanatomy. The cranial nerves are symmetrical; therefore, while performing the examination, the examiner should compare each side to the other. A physician should approach the examination in a


 Physical Examinations III

Studying the Hypothalamic Insulin Signal to Peripheral Glucose Intolerance with a Continuous Drug Infusion System into the Mouse Brain

1The Ph.D. Program for Neural Regenerative Medicine, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University and National Health Research, 2Graduate Institute of Neural Regenerative Medicine, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, 3TMU research center for Neurotrauma and Neuroregeneration, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University

JoVE 56410


 Medicine

Systemic Delivery of MicroRNA Using Recombinant Adeno-associated Virus Serotype 9 to Treat Neuromuscular Diseases in Rodents

1Neurogenetics Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 2Section on Nervous System Development and Plasticity, The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 3Department of Molecular Biosciences, Rice Institute for Biomedical Research, Northwestern University, 4Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford

JoVE 55724


 Genetics

An Improved Method for Collection of Cerebrospinal Fluid from Anesthetized Mice

1Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, 2Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, 3Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, 4Sino-Danish Center for Education and Research (SDC), 5Department of Neurology, Xinhua Hospital Chongming Branch Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 6Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET-centre, Aarhus University Hospital

JoVE 56774


 Neuroscience

Establishment of Larval Zebrafish as an Animal Model to Investigate Trypanosoma cruzi Motility In Vivo

1Laboratory of Neurosciences and Circadian Rhythms, School of Medicine, Universidad de los Andes, 2Biophysics Group, Department of Physics, Universidad de los Andes, 3Laboratory of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universidad de los Andes, 4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina, 5Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development, University of Notre Dame, 6USAID Research and Innovation Fellowship program

JoVE 56238


 Developmental Biology

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