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Phase Transition: A change of a substance from one form or state to another.

Sputter Growth and Characterization of Metamagnetic B2-ordered FeRh Epilayers

1School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, 2Institute of Materials Research, University of Leeds, 3School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, 4Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, 5Department of Physics, Northeastern University

JoVE 50603


 Engineering

Methods of Ex Situ and In Situ Investigations of Structural Transformations: The Case of Crystallization of Metallic Glasses

1Institute of Nuclear and Physical Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia, 2Department of Nuclear Reactors, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic, 3Department of Experimental Physics, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic, 4Institute of Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia, 5Institute of Laboratory Research on Geomaterials, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia

JoVE 57657


 Engineering

Synthesis of Thermogelling Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-graft-chondroitin Sulfate Composites with Alginate Microparticles for Tissue Engineering

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Rowan University, 2Department of Biological Sciences, Rowan University, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, Drexel University

JoVE 53704


 Bioengineering

Electric-field Control of Electronic States in WS2 Nanodevices by Electrolyte Gating

1Quantum-Phase Electronics Center (QPEC) and Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo, 2Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 3Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, 4Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, 5RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS)

JoVE 56862


 Engineering

Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry to Measure Changes in Enthalpy

JoVE 5559

Source: Laboratory of Dr. Terry Tritt — Clemson University

Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is a method of thermodynamic analysis based on heat-flux method, wherein a sample material (enclosed in a pan) and an empty reference pan are subjected to identical temperature conditions. The energy difference that is required to maintain both the pans at the same temperature, owing to the difference in the heat capacities of the sample and the reference pan, is recorded as a function of temperature. This energy released or absorbed is a measure of the enthalpy change (ΔΗ) of the sample with respect to the reference pan.


 General Chemistry

Bioprintable Alginate/Gelatin Hydrogel 3D In Vitro Model Systems Induce Cell Spheroid Formation

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, McGill University Montreal, 2Department of Bioengineering, McGill University Montreal, 3Department of Molecular Biology, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, A.C. (IPICyT), 4Department of Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University Montreal, 5Department of Biomedical Engineering, McGill University Montreal

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JoVE 57826


 JoVE In-Press

Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticle Integrated Photo-responsive Liposomes and Measurement of Their Microbubble Cavitation upon Pulse Laser Excitation

1School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 2Division of Physics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 3NTU-Northwestern Institute of Nanomedicine, Nanyang Technological University

JoVE 53619


 Bioengineering

Preparation of Liquid Crystal Networks for Macroscopic Oscillatory Motion Induced by Light

1Institute for Complex Molecular Systems (ICMS), Technical University of Eindhoven, 2Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Laboratory of Macromolecular and Organic Chemistry, Technical University of Eindhoven, 3Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Laboratory for Functional Organic Materials and Devices (SFD), Technical University of Eindhoven

JoVE 56266


 Engineering

Purification of Ferrocene by Sublimation

JoVE 10429

Source: Tamara M. Powers, Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University 

Sublimation, the direct phase transition of a solid into a gas without first becoming a liquid, takes place at temperatures and pressures lower than that of the compound's triple point (Figure 1).The process of sublimation can be utilized to purify both organic and inorganic solids. During the purification technique, a solid is heated directly into the gas-phase. All non-volatile impurities are left behind while the vaporized compound is then collected (deposition) as a solid on a cold surface. Here, we will use sublimation to purify ferrocene, an inorganic solid with a triple point temperature of 183 °C.1 Figure 1. Generic phase diagram. The colored lines represent the pressure and temperature requirements for phase transitions. Distillation of a solid will occur at pressures and temperatures above the triple point, represented by the green line in the phase diagram. The blue line represents the temperature and pressure conditions where sublimation occurs.


 Inorganic Chemistry

In Situ Neutron Powder Diffraction Using Custom-made Lithium-ion Batteries

1School of Chemistry, University of Sydney, 2Institute for Superconducting & Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, 3Australian Synchrotron, 4Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 5School of Mechanical, Materials, and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Wollongong, 6School of Chemistry, University of New South Wales

JoVE 52284


 Engineering

Reconstitution of a Transmembrane Protein, the Voltage-gated Ion Channel, KvAP, into Giant Unilamellar Vesicles for Microscopy and Patch Clamp Studies

1Institut Curie, Centre de Recherche, CNRS, UMR 168, PhysicoChimie Curie, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 2Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind, University of California, San Diego, 3Molecular Physiology and Biophysics Section, National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute of Health

JoVE 52281


 Biology

Chemical Synthesis of Porous Barium Titanate Thin Film and Thermal Stabilization of Ferroelectric Phase by Porosity-Induced Strain

1Research Institute for Science and Technology (RIST), Tokyo University of Science (TUS), 2International Center for Young Scientists (ICYS), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 3International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 4Australian Institute for Innovative Materials (AIIM), University of Wollongong, 5School of Chemical Engineering, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN), University of Queensland, 6Department of Plant & Environmental New Resources, Kyung Hee University

JoVE 57441


 Chemistry

Preparation of Giant Vesicles Encapsulating Microspheres by Centrifugation of a Water-in-oil Emulsion

1Department of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Japan Women's University, 2Department of Bioorganization Research, Okazaki Institute for Integrative Bioscience, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 3Department of Life and Coordination-Complex Molecular Science, Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 4Research Center for Complex Systems Biology, The University of Tokyo

JoVE 55282


 Biochemistry

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