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Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.

Fundamentals of Breeding and Weaning

JoVE 10293

Source: Kay Stewart, RVT, RLATG, CMAR; Valerie A. Schroeder, RVT, RLATG. University of Notre Dame, IN

Millions of mice and rats are bred for use in biomedical research each year. Worldwide, there are several large commercial breeding facilities that supply mice to research laboratories, but many facilities choose to also breed mice and rats in-house to reduce costs and increase research options. When breeding in the animal facility, researchers are able to manipulate the genetics of the animals, time the pregnancies to meet the needs of the research, and work with embryos and neonates as required. Mice and rats can be bred in a variety of schemes and methods. Technical procedures, such as the use of vaginal cytology, visualization of the vaginal area, and observation of copulatory plugs, have been developed to assist with the synchronization of breeding to correspond to research requirements. This manuscript is an overview of the basic fundamentals of mouse and rat breeding and technical procedures used. More detailed descriptions of the complex breeding schemes, and the full description of the methods for vaginal cytology, are available in the list of references.


 Lab Animal Research

Establishing Mouse Models for Zika Virus-induced Neurological Disorders Using Intracerebral Injection Strategies: Embryonic, Neonatal, and Adult

1Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute, University of Georgia, 2Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, 3Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia

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JoVE 56486


 JoVE In-Press

Isolation of Endothelial Progenitor Cells from Healthy Volunteers and Their Migratory Potential Influenced by Serum Samples After Cardiac Surgery

1Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Aachen, 2Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University Hospital Aachen, 3Department of Radiology, German Cancer Research Center, 4Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Aachen, 5Department of Vascular Biology, Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research (ISD), Klinikum der Universität München, 6Deutsches Zentrum für Herz-/Kreislaufkrankheiten (DZHK), Munich Heart Alliance

JoVE 55192


 Medicine

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A Novel Method for Involving Women of Color at High Risk for Preterm Birth in Research Priority Setting

1School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 2UCSF California Preterm Birth Initiative, University of California, San Francisco, 3School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 4San Francisco Black Infant Health Program, 5Homeless Prenatal Program, San Francisco, CA

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JoVE 56220


 JoVE In-Press

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Isolation of Leukocytes from the Human Maternal-fetal Interface

1Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD/NIH/DHHS, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, 3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, 4Department of Molecular Obstetrics and Genetics, Wayne State University, 5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 6Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine

JoVE 52863


 Immunology and Infection

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Isolation of Leukocytes from the Murine Tissues at the Maternal-Fetal Interface

1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 2School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Research Centre for Reproductive Health, the Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, 3Department of Immunology & Microbiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 4Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD/NIH/DHHS

JoVE 52866


 Immunology and Infection

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A Novel Use of Three-dimensional High-frequency Ultrasonography for Early Pregnancy Characterization in the Mouse

1Devision of Repreoductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, 2Mouse Phenotyping Core, Baylor College of Medicine, 3Reproductive and Developmental Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 4Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine

JoVE 56207


 Developmental Biology

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Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Quantification of Social Behavior in Adult Rats

1Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, 2Department of Neurosciences, University of New Mexico, 3Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of New Mexico, 4Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge

JoVE 52407


 Behavior

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Determination of the Transport Rate of Xenobiotics and Nanomaterials Across the Placenta using the ex vivo Human Placental Perfusion Model

1Department of Obstetrics, Perinatal Pharmacology, University Hospital Zurich, 2Laboratory for Materials - Biology Interactions, EMPA Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, 3Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences, University of Bern

JoVE 50401


 Bioengineering

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Instrumentation of Near-term Fetal Sheep for Multivariate Chronic Non-anesthetized Recordings

1Département de sciences cliniques, CHUV, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC, 2Département d'obstetriques et de gynécologie, CHU Ste-Justine Research Centre, Université de Montréal, 3Département de neurosciences, CHU Ste-Justine Centre de recherche, Université de Montréal, 4Centre de recherche en reproduction animale (CRRA), Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC

JoVE 52581


 Developmental Biology

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Human Placental and Decidual Organ Cultures to Study Infections at the Maternal-fetal Interface

1Benioff Children’s Hospital, 2Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, 3Center for Reproductive Sciences and Department of Obstetrics, University of California, San Francisco, 4Program in Microbial Pathogenesis and Host Defense, University of California, San Francisco, 5Biomedical Sciences Program, University of California, San Francisco

JoVE 54237


 Immunology and Infection

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Kinetic Analysis of Vasculogenesis Quantifies Dynamics of Vasculogenesis and Angiogenesis in Vitro

1Department of Cellular & Integrative Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 2Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, 3Indiana Center for Biological Microscopy, 4Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, 5Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, 6Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 7Indiana University Simon Cancer Center, Indiana University School of Medicine

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JoVE 57044


 JoVE In-Press

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Contractility Measurements of Human Uterine Smooth Muscle to Aid Drug Development

1Harris-Wellbeing Preterm Birth Research Centre, Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, 2School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, 3Faculty of Chemistry, Institute of Biological Chemistry, University of Vienna, 4Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, 5Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna

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JoVE 56639


 JoVE In-Press

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A RAPID Method for Blood Processing to Increase the Yield of Plasma Peptide Levels in Human Blood

1Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Division General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Martin-Luther Hospital, Academic Teaching Institution of Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 3Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Molecular Cancer Research Center (MKFZ), Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin

JoVE 53959


 Immunology and Infection

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