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Reactive Oxygen Species: Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include Singlet oxygen; Superoxides; Peroxides; Hydroxyl radical; and Hypochlorous acid. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of Phagocytes, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to Nucleic acids; Proteins; and Lipids.

Detecting Reactive Oxygen Species

JoVE 5654

Reactive oxygen species are chemically active, oxygen-derived molecules capable of oxidizing other molecules. Because of their reactive nature, there are many deleterious effects associated with unchecked ROS production, including structural damage to DNA and other biological molecules. However, ROS can also be mediators of physiological signaling. There is accumulating evidence that ROS play significant roles in everything from activation of transcription factors to the mediation of inflammatory toxicity that kills foreign pathogens and defend the body.In this video we will delve into the associations between ROS, metabolism and disease. After establishing their significance, we will discuss the principles and a protocol of a commonly used methodology for measuring ROS levels in cells: the use of non-fluorescent probes that become fluorescent upon oxidation. Lastly, we will review some current applications of this technique in cell biology research.


 Cell Biology

Method for the Assessment of Effects of a Range of Wavelengths and Intensities of Red/near-infrared Light Therapy on Oxidative Stress In Vitro

1Experimental and Regenerative Neurosciences, School of Animal Biology, The University of Western Australia, 2School of Animal Biology and The Oceans Institute, The University of Western Australia, 3Experimental and Regenerative Neurosciences, School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, The University of Western Australia

JoVE 52221


 Biology

Techniques for the Evolution of Robust Pentose-fermenting Yeast for Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Ethanol

1Bioenergy Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 2Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 3Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Great Lakes Bioenergy Center, Michigan State University

JoVE 54227


 Bioengineering

Total Internal Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy (TIRAS) for the Detection of Solvated Electrons at a Plasma-Liquid Interface

1Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, 2Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, 3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Notre Dame Radiation Laboratory, University of Notre Dame

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56833


 JoVE In-Press

Imaging Approaches to Assessments of Toxicological Oxidative Stress Using Genetically-Encoded Fluorogenic Sensors

1Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, 3Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56945


 JoVE In-Press

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